Article

Prostaglandin D Synthase (β-Trace) in Meningeal Hemangiopericytoma

Department of Neuropathology, Neurological Institute, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.
Modern Pathology (Impact Factor: 6.36). 04/2001; 14(3):197-201. DOI: 10.1038/modpathol.3880285
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The level of prostaglandin D synthase (PGDS), a major protein constituent of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), is altered in various brain diseases, including meningitis. However, its role in the brain remains unclear. PGDS is mainly synthesized in the arachnoid cells, the choroid plexus and oligodendrocytes in the central nervous system. Among brain tumors, meningiomas showed intense immunoreactivity to PGDS in the perinuclear region. Thus, PGDS has been considered a specific cell marker of meningioma. In this study, we examined 25 meningeal hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) and found that 16 of the tumors (64%) showed immunoreactivity for PGDS in the perinuclear region. For comparison, 15 meningiomas, 14 soft-tissue HPCs, 1 mesenchymal chondrosarcoma, 3 choroid plexus papillomas, and 7 oligodendrogliomas were also examined. Meningiomas showed positive immunoreactivity for PGDS in 13 cases (80%). Except for one case located at the sacrum, none of the other soft-tissue HPCs showed immunostaining for PGDS. Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma arises in the bones of the skull, and its histological pattern resembles that of HPC; however, it showed no immunoreactivity for PGDS. Neither choroid plexus papillomas nor oligodendrogliomas were immunopositive for PGDS. These findings suggest that meningeal HPCs may have a unique molecular phenotype that is distinct from that of the soft-tissue HPCs. The origin of meningeal HPCs may be more closely related to the arachnoid cells.

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    • "PGDS is an enzyme active in the production of prostaglandins (pro-inflammatory an anti-inflammatory molecules). Elevated expression of PGDS has been found in brain tumors, ovarian and breast cancer [50] [26], while hematopoietic PGDS has not been, to our knowledge, associated with leukemias. Viewing the rule as a whole, the absence of PGDS expression may be a part of the ''molecular signature'' reflecting either the general tissue type (leukocytes) or the specific, KIAA0128 (Septin 6) dependent, leukemic process. "
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