True carcinosarcoma of the esophagus with osteosarcoma.
ABSTRACT We experienced a case of true carcinosarcoma of the esophagus with osteosarcoma. Computed tomography scan revealed calcification of the tumor. Immunohistochemically, vimentin staining was positive, and osteoid formation was found in the sarcomatous portion. It was clear that the lesion contained osteosarcoma of mesenchymal origin, and thus we diagnosed it as true carcinosarcoma.
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ABSTRACT: Certain tumors of the esophagus that display both sarcomatous and carcinomatous features have long been recognized. The nomenclature, classification, and histogenesis remain controversial and the microscopic differential diagnosis from other esophageal malignancies can be challenging, particularly in small biopsies. In this paper, we review the literature of carcinosarcoma and present two cases of esophageal carcinosarcoma, describing their salient histologic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural features. Also, we assess the expression of MDM2 and CDK4 in the carcinomatous and sarcomatous compartments of our cases and we compare them with the expression of these oncogenes in selected cases of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with prominent stromal reaction. In both of our cases, identification of some epithelial ultrastructural and immunohistochemical features in cells of otherwise sarcomatous phenotype lends support to the common epithelial origin of these neoplasms. Moreover, positive staining for MDM2 and CDK4 in our cases with equally strong reactions in both carcinomatous and sarcomatous elements provides evidence of a role for these molecules in the pathogenesis of carcinosarcoma. In contrast, in cases of squamous cell carcinoma with prominent stromal reaction only the epithelial cells stained strongly for MDM2 and CDK4. These differences in the MDM2 and CDK4 immunohistochemical profile between carcinosarcomas and carcinomas of the esophagus may assist in their differential diagnosis.Experimental and Molecular Pathology 01/2003; 73(3):198-208. DOI:10.1006/exmp.2002.2465 · 2.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Undifferentiated spindle-cell carcinoma (SpCC) of the gallbladder is extremely rare. There is very little information available regarding the characteristics and treatment of this disease. We herein report the unique case of a 76-year-old female patient with a primary SpCC of the gallbladder that presented as a liver tumor. Preoperative radiologic examinations showed a 5-cm liver tumor around the gallbladder bed, and irregular thickening of the gallbladder wall. The patient underwent en-bloc resection of the gallbladder and segments 4b and 5 of the liver (including the liver tumor). Microscopic findings revealed that both lesions consisted mainly of a sarcomatous spindle-shaped component. Small foci of well-differentiated adenocarcinoma cells were identified in the gallbladder mucosa. There was a gradual transition between the two different components, thereby implying that these two cell types had a common origin. Immunohistochemical studies showed that the spindle-shaped cells were epithelial in nature. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful. However, she died of recurrent liver disease 6 months after the surgery. In conclusion, we surmised that the sarcomatous spindle cells originated from a carcinomatous component in the gallbladder mucosa through dedifferentiation. Further studies are needed to better understand the characteristics of this deadly tumor, and to establish an effective therapy for it.Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2005; 40(10):993-8. DOI:10.1007/s00535-005-1684-y · 4.02 Impact Factor
Article: True carcinosarcoma of the esophagus[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Most esophageal carcinosarcomas are diagnosed as so-called carcinosarcoma, in which individual elements may be derived from a single common ancestor cell, and there have been a few reports describing true carcinosarcoma originating from two individual stem cells. We describe a case of esophageal carcinosarcoma exhibiting neoplastic osteoid formation. Immunoreactivity for vimentin and p53 was limited to only the sarcomatous component and was absent in the carcinomatous component. Furthermore, a point mutation in exon 7 of the p53 gene was observed only in the sarcomatous component. Both sarcoma and carcinoma cells distinctively metastasized to different lymph nodes. These observations led us to diagnose the esophageal tumor as a true carcinosarcoma.Diseases of the Esophagus 02/2006; 19(1):48-52. DOI:10.1111/j.1442-2050.2006.00538.x · 2.06 Impact Factor