Involving of the cytoplasmic region of leukemia inhibitory factor receptor alpha subunit, IL-6 related signal transducer-gp130 or fas death domain for MAPK p42/44 activation in HL-60 cell with LIF or anti-Fas IgG.
ABSTRACT The chimeric receptors were prepared by exchanging the cytoplasmic region between leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) receptor alpha subunit (gp190) and the other subunit-gp130 (190/130,130/190) and separately transduced into leukemia line HL-60 (to have the wild type subunit). The purpose is to investigate which subunit for activating MAPK p42/44 in leukemia cell while the cytoplasmic region homodimerization (190cyt-190cyt, 130cyt-130cyt) was induced by LIF. The results showed that MAPK p42/44 expression level after LIF stimulation 5 h was lower in the transformants with pED 130/190 (190cyt- 190cyt) (p < 0.01) and higher in the transformants with pED 190/130 (130cyt- 130cyt) (p < 0.05) than those in the parent cells. Meanwhile, MAPK p42/44 phosphorylation (Thr202/Tyr204) was ascended and the highest at 10 min in the 190/130 and descended in the 130/190. It suggests that gp130 activate MAPK p42/44 and gp190 indirectly regulate its expression and function. In order to analyses the relation of the subunit oligomerization and MAPK p42/44 we also prepared the recombination of the extracellular and transmembrane region of Fas and the cytoplasmic region of each LIFR subunit (Fas/190, Fas/130). After transduction into HL-60 with lipofection and induction by anti-Fas IgG, we found that MAPK p42/44 expression levels were lower in the Fas/190 than in the Fas/130 and parent cells (p < 0.01) and no difference between the Fas/130 and the wild type receptor. However, phospho-MAPK p42/44 were increased in the Fas/130 than the parent cells. It suggests that the oligomerization of the cytoplasmic regions of gp130 be potential to normally initiate MAPK p42/44 for the signal of HL-60 proliferation. We also determine that the separated oligomerization FasDD (no dimerization) can initiate the corresponding signal molecules, then regulate MAPK p42/44 expression and phosphorylation in leukemia cells.
- SourceAvailable from: Vishva Dixit[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Using the cytoplasmic domain of Fas in the yeast two-hybrid system, we have identified a novel interacting protein, FADD, which binds Fas and Fas-FD5, a mutant of Fas possessing enhanced killing activity, but not the functionally inactive mutants Fas-LPR and Fas-FD8. FADD contains a death domain homologous to the death domains of Fas and TNFR-1. A point mutation in FADD, analogous to the lpr mutation of Fas, abolishes its ability to bind Fas, suggesting a death domain to death domain interaction. Overexpression of FADD in MCF7 and BJAB cells induces apoptosis, which, like Fas-induced apoptosis, is blocked by CrmA, a specific inhibitor of the interleukin-1 beta-converting enzyme. These findings suggest that FADD may play an important role in the proximal signal transduction of Fas.Cell 06/1995; 81(4):505-12. · 31.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ligation of the extracellular domain of the cell surface receptor Fas/APO-1 (CD95) elicits a characteristic programmed death response in susceptible cells. Using a genetic selection based on protein-protein interaction in yeast, we have identified two gene products that associate with the intracellular domain of Fas: Fas itself, and a novel 74 kDa protein we have named RIP, for receptor interacting protein. RIP also interacts weakly with the p55 tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR1) intracellular domain, but not with a mutant version of Fas corresponding to the murine lprcg mutation. RIP contains an N-terminal region with homology to protein kinases and a C-terminal region containing a cytoplasmic motif (death domain) present in the Fas and TNFR1 intracellular domains. Transient overexpression of RIP causes transfected cells to undergo the morphological changes characteristic of apoptosis. Taken together, these properties indicate that RIP is a novel form of apoptosis-inducing protein.Cell 06/1995; 81(4):513-23. · 31.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Fas belongs to the tumor necrosis factor/nerve growth factor receptor family. The Fas ligand binds to its receptor, Fas, and induces apoptosis in Fas-bearing cells. The granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor (G-CSFR) is a member of the hemopoietic growth factor receptor family. G-CSF induces its dimerization and regulates the proliferation and differentiation of neutrophilic granulocytes. We constructed hybrid receptors between Fas and G-CSFR and expressed them in the mouse T cell line WR19L or the mouse myeloid interleukin-3-dependent FDC-P1 cell line. The Fas ligand or an agonistic anti-Fas antibody stimulated proliferation of the FDC-P1 transformants expressing a chimera consisting of the Fas extracellular and G-CSFR cytoplasmic regions. On the other hand, G-CSF could not induce apoptosis in the transformants expressing the chimera consisting of the G-CSFR extracellular and Fas cytoplasmic regions, but these cells were killed by a polyclonal antibody against G-CSFR. These results indicated that receptors belonging to different receptor families can be functionally exchanged and confirm that a homodimer of G-CSFR can transduce the growth signal, whereas Fas must be oligomerized (probably trimerized) to transduce the apoptotic signal.Journal of Biological Chemistry 07/1996; 271(29):17555-17560. · 4.65 Impact Factor