Relationship of the Trp64Arg polymorphism of the beta3-adrenoceptor gene to central adiposity and high blood pressure: interaction with age. Cross-sectional and longitudinal findings of the Olivetti Prospective Heart Study.
ABSTRACT The association of the Trp64Arg polymorphism of the beta3-adrenoceptor (beta3-AR) gene with high blood pressure, central adiposity and other features of the metabolic syndrome was investigated in a large unselected sample of a white male working population in Southern Italy (n = 979).
In the whole population, subjects heterozygous for the Trp64Arg mutation (11.2%) were not different from the homozygous Trp64Trp for any of the variables investigated. However, upon stratification for age, among men in the upper tertile of age (> 53 years), the Trp64Arg genotype was associated with higher waist: hip ratio (0.992 +/- 0.021 versus 0.982 +/- 0.037, P< 0.05), serum uric acid (6.34 +/- 1.50 versus 5.75 +/- 1.30 micromol/l, P < 0.05) and systolic blood pressure (144.3 +/- 19.4 versus 136.9 +/- 18.9 mmHg, P< 0.05) compared with the wild-type homozygotes. Accordingly, in the same age group, the carriers of Trp64Arg genotype were more often in the upper tertile of abdominal adiposity (69.7 versus 43.7%, P< 0.02) and serum uric acid (56.3 versus 34.8%, P < 0.02) and were more often hypertensive (68.6 versus 57.6%, P< 0.058) than the Trp64Trp homozygotes. No such differences were observed in younger age groups. No association was found with fasting serum insulin and the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index of insulin resistance. Furthermore, in a subgroup of 457 men for whom retrospective 20-year follow-up data were available, the variant genotype was associated with a higher probability of developing overweight (44.7 versus 27.0%, P < 0.05) and a trend to higher blood pressure (52.6 versus 38.4%, P = 0.09) over 20 years.
We conclude that the Trp64Arg variant of the beta3-AR receptor predicts a greater tendency to develop abdominal adiposity and high blood pressure with advancing age.
Article: Genetic variation in the renin-angiotensin system and abdominal adiposity in men: the Olivetti Prospective Heart Study.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The renin-angiotensin system is involved in adipocyte growth and differentiation and possibly in adipose tissue metabolism. To investigate the association of polymorphism in the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D gene, angiotensinogen M235T gene, and angiotensin II type 1 receptor A1166C gene with body mass index, body fat pattern, and obesity-associated hypertension. Cross-sectional longitudinal study. The Olivetti factories in Marcianise and Pozzuoli, suburbs of Naples, Italy. 959 adult men, 25 to 75 years of age. Renin-angiotensin system polymorphism, anthropometric indexes, blood pressure, and serum glucose and insulin levels. No association was detected between angiotensinogen or angiotensin II type 1 receptor gene polymorphism and anthropometric indexes or blood pressure. For ACE I/D polymorphism, significant age-genotype interaction was detected on cross-sectional observation; the relation of body mass index, waist circumference, and diastolic blood pressure to age was significantly greater in persons with the DD genotype than in those with the ID or II genotype. Overweight and abdominal adiposity were more common in men with the DD genotype, particularly among older participants (51.1% vs. 36.5% and 33.1% vs. 22.0%, respectively). Odds ratios were 1.82 (95% CI, 1.16 to 2.87) for overweight and 1.76 (CI, 1.06 to 2.90) for abdominal adiposity. Among 314 untreated men first examined 20 years earlier, those with the DD genotype had greater age-adjusted weight gain (1.45 kg [CI, 0.12 to 2.78 kg]) and change in diastolic blood pressure (2.83 mm Hg [CI, 0.39 to 5.28 mm Hg]). The relative risk for overweight was 2.34 (CI, 1.32 to 4.15) among participants with the DD genotype versus those with the ID or II genotype. The ACE I/D polymorphism was a significant predictor of overweight and abdominal adiposity in men. DD homozygosity was associated with larger increases in body weight and blood pressure in aging persons, as well as with higher incidence of overweight.Annals of internal medicine 02/2003; 138(1):17-23. · 16.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This report constitutes the eighth update of the human obesity gene map, incorporating published results up to the end of October 2001. Evidence from the rodent and human obesity cases caused by single-gene mutations, Mendelian disorders exhibiting obesity as a clinical feature, quantitative trait loci (QTLs) uncovered in human genome-wide scans and in crossbreeding experiments in various animal models, association and linkage studies with candidate genes and other markers is reviewed. The human cases of obesity related in some way to single-gene mutations in six different genes are incorporated. Twenty-five Mendelian disorders exhibiting obesity as one of their clinical manifestations have now been mapped. The number of different QTLs reported from animal models currently reaches 165. Attempts to relate DNA sequence variation in specific genes to obesity phenotypes continue to grow, with 174 studies reporting positive associations with 58 candidate genes. Finally, 59 loci have been linked to obesity indicators in genomic scans and other linkage study designs. The obesity gene map depicted in Figure 1 reveals that putative loci affecting obesity-related phenotypes can be found on all chromosomes except chromosome Y. A total of 54 new loci have been added to the map in the past 12 months, and the number of genes, markers, and chromosomal regions that have been associated or linked with human obesity phenotypes is now above 250. Likewise, the number of negative studies, which are only partially reviewed here, is also on the rise.Obesity research 04/2002; 10(3):196-243. · 4.95 Impact Factor