Protective cytotoxic T lymphocyte responses induced by DNA immunization against immunodominant and subdominant epitopes of Listeria monocytogenes are noncompetitive.
ABSTRACT Taking advantage of the fact that plasmid DNA encoding a single cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitope can induce CTLs, we examined the influence of T-cell responses to dominant epitopes on those to a subdominant epitope derived from Listeria monocytogenes. Our data suggest that interaction between T cells against dominant and subdominant epitopes does not operate in the generation of the hierarchy. Furthermore, we found that a single dominant epitope is sufficient for the induction of protective immunity.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Yukio Koide, Mar 11, 2014
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ABSTRACT: Listeria epitope-specific helper T (Th) cells were able to be primed and induced in vivo by immunization with a plasmid carrying an invariant chain (Ii) gene whose class II-associated invariant chain peptide (CLIP) region was replaced by a Listeria Th epitope. Immunization of C3H/He mice with an Ii-LLO 215-226 plasmid induced specific interferon-gamma- and interleukin 2-producing Th cells and conferred significant protective immunity against listerial infection.Infection and Immunity 06/2002; 70(5):2676-80. DOI:10.1128/IAI.70.5.2676-2680.2002 · 4.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The complete genome sequences of more than 60 microbes have been completed in the past decade. Concurrently, a series of new informatics tools, designed to harness this new wealth of information, have been developed. Some of these new tools allow researchers to select regions of microbial genomes that trigger immune responses. These regions, termed epitopes, are ideal components of vaccines. When the new tools are used to search for epitopes, this search is usually coupled with in vitro screening methods; an approach that has been termed computational immunology or immuno-informatics. Researchers are now implementing these combined methods to scan genomic sequences for vaccine components. They are thereby expanding the number of different proteins that can be screened for vaccine development, while narrowing this search to those regions of the proteins that are extremely likely to induce an immune response. As the tools improve, it may soon be feasible to skip over many of the in vitro screening steps, moving directly from genome sequence to vaccine design. The present article reviews the work of several groups engaged in the development of immuno-informatics tools and illustrates the application of these tools to the process of vaccine discovery.Immunology and Cell Biology 07/2002; 80(3):255-69. DOI:10.1046/j.1440-1711.2002.01092.x · 4.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: During its interaction with host cells, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium employs a type III secretion system for cytosolic targeting of virulence factors. This protein translocation mechanism is a useful tool for heterologous antigen delivery by attenuated Salmonella vaccine carrier strains. In the present study, we used the Yersinia outer protein E (YopE) as a carrier molecule for Salmonella type III-dependent cytosolic delivery of the immunodominant CD8 T-cell antigens listeriolysin O (LLO) and p60 of Listeria monocytogenes. It is shown that concomitant translocation of hybrid YopE/LLO and YopE/p60 proteins by Salmonella led to antigen presentation and CD8 T-cell priming efficacies comparable to those of translocation of single listerial antigens. However, simultaneous translocation of LLO and p60 significantly surpassed single cytosolic antigen delivery in the ability to protect against Listeria. For the first time, this study demonstrates that concomitant expression of two independent antigens via the same recombinant plasmid leads to superior protection against a challenge with an intracellular bacterial pathogen. In conclusion, these findings emphasize the versatility of Salmonella type III-mediated heterologous antigen delivery for the induction of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-mediated immunity.Infection and Immunity 01/2003; 70(12):7114-9. DOI:10.1128/IAI.70.12.7114-7119.2002 · 4.16 Impact Factor