Identification of novel WFS1 mutations in Italian children with Wolfram syndrome

Molecular Medicine and Diabetology, IRCCS-Bambino Gesù, Rome.
Human Mutation (Impact Factor: 5.05). 04/2001; 17(4):348-9. DOI: 10.1002/humu.32
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Six unrelated Italian children with Wolfram syndrome (WS) were analyzed for mutations in the WFS1. Four novel mutations (1387delCTCT, S443I, 1519del16, and IVS6+16g->a) were identified. In addition, we found two new, probably neutral changes (A684V and R708C). Other previously described variants were a heterozygous I333V in three alleles and the H611R in two. The 1519del16 mutation was carried by two patients whereas the CTCT deletion occurred in three subjects from two apparently unrelated families with WS. The current study expands the spectrum of mutations in WFS1 and represents the first molecular characterization of Italian WS patients.

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    ABSTRACT: Wolfram Syndrome (WS) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by Diabetes Insipidus, Diabetes Mellitus, Optic Atrophy, and Deafness identified by the acronym "DIDMOAD". The WS gene, WFS1, encodes a transmembrane protein called Wolframin, which recent evidence suggests may serve as a novel endoplasmic reticulum calcium channel in pancreatic β-cells and neurons. WS is a rare disease, with an estimated prevalence of 1/550.000 children, with a carrier frequency of 1/354. The aim of our study was to determine the genotype of WS patients in order to establish a genotype/phenotype correlation. We clinically evaluated 9 young patients from 9 unrelated families (6 males, 3 females). Basic criteria for WS clinical diagnosis were coexistence of insulin-treated diabetes mellitus and optic atrophy occurring before 15 years of age. Genetic analysis for WFS1 was performed by direct sequencing. Molecular sequencing revealed 5 heterozygous compound and 3 homozygous mutations. All of them were located in exon 8, except one in exon 4. In one proband only an heterozygous mutation (A684V) was found. Two new variants c.2663 C>A and c.1381 A>C were detected. Our study increases the spectrum of WFS1 mutations with two novel variants. The male patient carrying the compound mutation [c.1060_1062delTTC]+[c.2663 C>A] showed the most severe phenotype: diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy (visual acuity 5/10), deafness with deep auditory bilaterally 8000 Hz, diabetes insipidus associated to reduced volume of posterior pituitary and pons. He died in bed at the age of 13 years. The other patient carrying the compound mutation [c.409_424dup16]+[c.1381 A>C] showed a less severe phenotype (DM, OA).
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(1):e29150. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0029150 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim of the present paper is to describe a novel missense mutation (G107R) of WFS1 gene that was unexpectedly detected, in two siblings from Southern Italy, outside exon 8; a very unusual finding which has previously been reported only twice in Italian patients with Wolfram syndrome (WS). Although in Spanish pedigrees WFS1 mutations are frequently located in exon 4, this finding is very infrequent in other pedigrees, particularly in Italian patients. Conclusions: a) our report of two siblings with one novel WSF1 mutation (G107R) expands the molecular spectrum of WS; b) this is the 3rd report of Italian patients harbouring one mutation outside exon 8 and the 2nd with one mutation in exon 4; c) on the basis of the present observations, and literature data we can infer that mutation locations outside exon 8 do not seem to be clearly associated with peculiar phenotype expressions of WFS1 gene.
    Gene 10/2012; 526(2). DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2012.10.023 · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: IntroductionWolfram syndrome is a genetic disease with recessive autosomic transmission, associating early-onset diabetes mellitus and bilateral optical atrophy.Case reportWe report the case of a 47-year-old patient for whom we diagnosed a Wolfram syndrome in view of a late neurological syndrome in association with ataxia and bilateral horizontal nystagmus. The brain resonance magnetic imaging revealed a major atrophy of the brainstem and cerebellum.ConclusionWolfram syndrome is a rare pathology, with fatal consequences before the age of 50. The association of diabetes mellitus and optical atrophy, especially when there are other symptoms (ataxia, deafness, diabetes insipidus, neuropsychiatric manifestations or urinary tract disorders) should lead to this diagnosis and to carry out a genetic confirmation.
    Revue Neurologique 02/2007; DOI:10.1016/S0035-3787(07)90391-4 · 0.60 Impact Factor

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