Breast cancer after augmentation mammaplasty Treatment by skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate reconstruction

Emory Clinic Atlanta, GA, USA.
Plastic &amp Reconstructive Surgery (Impact Factor: 3.33). 04/2001; 107(3):687-92. DOI: 10.1097/00006534-200103000-00006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Breast conservation has been associated with poor cosmetic outcome when used to treat breast cancer in patients who have undergone prior augmentation mammaplasty. Radiation therapy of the augmented breast can increase breast fibrosis and capsular contraction. Skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate reconstruction are examined as an alternative treatment.Six patients with prior breast augmentation were treated for breast cancer by skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate reconstruction. One patient underwent a contralateral prophylactic skin-sparing mastectomy. Silicone gel implants had been placed in the submuscular location in five patients and in the subglandular position in one patient a mean of 10.2 years (range, 6 to 20 years) before breast cancer diagnosis. The mean patient age was 41.3 years (range, 33 to 56 years). Four independent judges reviewed postoperative photographs to grade the aesthetic results in comparison with the opposite native or reconstructed breast. The American Joint Committee on Cancer staging was stage 0 in one patient, stage I for four patients, and stage II for one patient. Five of the six patients presented with a palpable breast mass. Latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction was performed in four patients (bilaterally in one) and a transverse rectus abdominis muscle (TRAM) flap was used in two patients. Three patients were treated by skin-sparing mastectomy with preservation of the breast implant (two patients with latissimus flaps, and one patient with a TRAM flap). The tumor location necessitated the removal of implants in two patients (one patient with a latissimus flap and one with a TRAM. A saline implant was placed under the latissimus flap after gel implant removal. The patient who underwent bilateral skin-sparing mastectomies desired explantation and placement of saline implants. No remedial surgery was performed on the opposite breast to achieve symmetry. Complications occurred in two patients at the latissimus dorsi donor site (seroma in one patient, and seroma and infection in one). Five patients underwent complete nipple reconstructions. The mean duration of follow-up was 33.6 months (range, 15.5 to 70.3 months), and there were no recurrences of breast cancer. The aesthetic results were judged to be good to excellent in all cases.Skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate reconstruction can be used in patients with prior breast augmentation, with good to excellent cosmetic results. Depending on the tumor and implant location, the implant may be preserved without compromising local control.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) is a recent advance in the therapeutic and prophylactic management of breast cancer; however, the procedure is associated with increased reconstructive complications. Data on NSM after previous breast augmentation are limited. Objectives: The authors compared reconstructive complications after NSM between patients with previously augmented breasts and a larger cohort that had not undergone prior augmentation. An approach to NSM that involves 2-stage reconstruction in augmented patients is also described. Methods: Medical records of NSMs performed at New York University Langone Medical Center from 2006 to 2013 were reviewed. Data points evaluated included patient characteristics, comorbidities, breast implant plane, and reconstructive complications. Fisher's exact and t tests were used for the comparisons. Results: During the study period, NSMs were performed in 17 augmented breasts at this institution. After NSM, 15 of these breasts underwent implant-based reconstruction and 2 breasts underwent microvascular free flaps. Reconstructive complications included 1 hematoma managed nonoperatively (5.9%) and 1 partial necrosis of the nipple-areola complex (NAC) (5.9%). Compared with the larger nonaugmented cohort (n = 332), patients with previously augmented breasts had fewer complications, and there were no statistically significant differences in the rates of mastectomy flap necrosis, partial NAC necrosis, complete NAC necrosis, hematoma, capsular contracture, explantation, implant displacement, seroma, or breast cellulitis. Conclusions: The results indicate that NSM reconstruction is associated with minimal complications in patients with previous augmentation mammaplasty.
    Aesthetic surgery journal / the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic surgery 07/2014; 34(7). DOI:10.1177/1090820X14541958 · 2.03 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Capsular contracture is a significant risk (∼55%) for women receiving whole breast irradiation as part of breast conservation therapy for breast cancer in the presence of augmentation mammoplasty. Fear of this complication leads approximately half of augmented women to have mastectomy for early stage breast cancers despite a high personal priority on appearance. Breast brachytherapy exposes only a tiny fraction of the surface area of the implant to radiation, and has the potential to markedly reduce or eliminate capsular contracture as an issue in these women. Catheter insertion techniques that reliably cover the target volume while preventing inadvertent implant puncture are described. Radiation dose to skin, uninvolved breast, ribs, lung, heart, and the silicone or saline implant is minimized. Our fifteen year experience of partial breast irradiation in augmented women demonstrates excellent tumor control, cosmesis, and quality of life. If the clinical outcomes continue to remain favorable, breast brachy may become the breast-conserving treatment of choice for breast cancer patients with augmentation.
    Seminars in Breast Disease 03/2007; 10(1):42-49. DOI:10.1053/j.sembd.2007.08.002
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Prior breast augmentation in patients desiring post-mastectomy reconstruction provides a unique opportunity for capsular preservation and immediate, single-step implant reconstruction. We report a case series of a single-surgeon experience with immediate implant reconstruction after skin-sparing mastectomy in patients with prior subpectoral augmentation. Final implant volumes, complications, and outcomes were examined. Twenty patients (15 bilateral, total 35 breasts) were included. Eighteen (90%) patients were treated for cancer. Mean augmentation-to-reconstruction interval was 9 years (range, 3-19 years). Mean patient age was 45.1 years (range, 37-64 years). Eight patients (40%) received postoperative chemotherapy and two (10%) radiation. Mean mastectomy weight was 321 g. Mean weight of the implants removed was 346 g. Mean volume of new implants was 487 mL. All patients underwent capsulotomy (100% superior, 85% medial, 30% inferior, 5% lateral). Mean operative time was less than 1 hour for bilateral reconstruction. With average follow-up of 25.6 months, 2 patients were re-operated on for asymmetry (implant malposition, synmastia). Thirty-day complications included 1 implant loss due to infection, 1 drain placement with implant salvage, 1 hematoma requiring evacuation, and 1 cellulitis treated with antibiotics. There were no late complications and no capsular contractures. None have required further oncologic surgery. No cancer recurrences have been detected. In patients who desire prosthetic reconstruction similar to their original submuscular augmentation, capsule preservation and implant replacement with a larger prosthetic inserted within the old capsule is safe, fast, and aesthetically pleasing without compromising oncologic principles.
    Annals of plastic surgery 01/2014; 72(6). DOI:10.1097/SAP.0000000000000088 · 1.46 Impact Factor