An audit of the use of laser Doppler imaging (LDI) in the assessment of burns of intermediate depth.

Royal Victoria Infirmary, NE1 4LP, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
Burns (Impact Factor: 1.84). 06/2001; 27(3):233-9. DOI: 10.1016/S0305-4179(00)00118-2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This is the first report of an evaluation of the use of a laser Doppler imager (LDI) scanner in the assessment of burn depth in patients. It is based on a 6-month, prospective audit of 76 burns of intermediate depth. Clinical and LDI assessments of burn wound depth were recorded at 48-72 h post-injury. Histological confirmation of depth was obtained from those burns requiring surgery. A healing time of less than 21 days was taken as confirmation of the injury being an superficial dermal burn. The accuracy of LDI in the assessment of burn depth was 97%, compared with 60-80% for established clinical methods. This audit confirms that LDI is a very accurate measurement tool for the assessment of burn wound depth. We recommend that all burns of intermediate depth should be analysed in this way in order to ensure appropriate management of the burn, to avoid unnecessary surgery and to reduce hospital stay and costs.

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    ABSTRACT: Laser Doppler imaging (LDI) provides early accurate determination of wound healing potential. LDI can scan large areas of up to 2500cm(2) within 2min. This duration may require additional sedation in a mobile, uncooperative child. In five burn centres a faster Laser Doppler Line Scanner (LDLS) was assessed. This new imager scans 300cm(2) in 4s with potential benefit for patients and operators. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy and convenience of the LDLS and to compare this with an established LDI imager.
    Burns: journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries 07/2014; 40(7). DOI:10.1016/j.burns.2014.04.024 · 1.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The burn severity depends on the wound depth and area affected. Hitherto burn depth has been judged mainly by visual observation, although concerns have been raised about its validity. The regional tissue blood flow (rTBF) measured by laser Doppler imaging (LDI) in damaged tissue correlates with the depth. However, very few reports are available on the significance of the regional tissue oxygen saturation (rSO2) as an indicator of burn depth. We investigated whether rSO2 by Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in burn injuries correlates with rTBF by LDI, which would facilitate quantification of the severity of the tissue damage. We measured rTBF and rSO2 in 50 lesions from 14 patients of burn injury within 24 hours after injury. The correlation between rTBF and rSO2 was evaluated by Spearman rank correlation analysis. The rSO2 (%; range, 52-82) by NIRS and the rTBF (perfusion unit; range, 61-704) by LDI in burn lesions were positively correlated (r=0.755, p<0.001). This statistically positive correlation still remained significant (r=0.678, p<0.001) after the rSO2 values were standardized. This study suggests that NIRS determination of rSO2 in burn injuries shows promise as a reliable and quick method to estimate the depth of burn lesion.
    01/2014; 4(1):40-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Laser Doppler imaging produces a colour-coded image of dermal blood flow, which can be used to quantify the inflammatory response in a burn. The original colour palette had arbitrary boundaries, which inexperienced clinicians found difficult to interpret. The aim of this study was to define clinically useful boundaries that would assist in the prediction of burn healing potential. We conducted a prospective, multi-centre study of burns in adults and children. LDI scans were performed between 48 h and 5 days after injury. The burns were assessed clinically and photographed on day of scan, day 14 and day 21 post-injury. Areas healed at day 14, healed between day 14 and 21 and unhealed at day 21 were identified on the LDI scan. The flow values for the pixels in these regions were analysed to calculate boundaries between the three healing categories. We recruited 137 patients (ages 1-88 years, 65% male); 392 LDI scans contained 433 different burn sites; 109 regions of interest were studied. Analysis allowed us to define ranges for the three healing categories: HP14 colour coded red, >600 PU; HP14-21, yellow, 260-440 PU; HP>21, blue, <200 PU; separated by two overlap regions pink, 440-600 PU and green, 200-260 PU. Blue was subdivided to show the very high association between LDI<140 PU and non-healing at day 21. We have devised a new colour palette for LDI burn imaging based on healing times of a series of burns. Validation of this palette is described separately, in Part 2.
    Burns: journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries 11/2011; 38(2):187-94. DOI:10.1016/j.burns.2010.11.009 · 1.84 Impact Factor