Sociodemographic differences in patterns of sedentary and physically active behavior in children and adolescents

Faculty of Nursing, University of Iceland, Reykjavík.
Acta Paediatrica (Impact Factor: 1.67). 05/2001; 90(4):429-35. DOI: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2001.tb00445.x
Source: PubMed


Numerous studies have found that involvement in moderate-intensity and strenuous activity has positive effects on health. This study considered the prevalence of different aspects of physical activity and sedentary behavior in 11–16-y-olds based on a representative national survey of 3270 Icelandic primary schoolchildren (91% response rate). All-day sedentary behavior was extremely rare (<1%), and the vast majority (91%) were physically active (≫3 times per week) during school or leisure time, thanks largely to school physical education. Only 39% were physically active (≫3 times per week) during leisure time, and only 29% engaged in regular (≫3 times per week) leisure time strenuous exercise. Girls were more sedentary, less leisure time physically active, and less involved in leisure time strenuous exercise. Sedentary behavior increased and physically active behavior decreased with age, especially after early adolescence. However, there were no age differences in strenuous leisure time exercise. Upper-class students were less sedentary and more physically active during leisure time than working-class students. Finally, rural students were more sedentary during leisure time, and less physically active than students from urban areas. An interaction was found between age and residence when predicting leisure time physical activity, indicating that the inverse age-activity relationship in urban areas is partly reversed in rural areas.
Conclusion: Compulsory school physical education frequently failed to translate into voluntary physical involvement. Sociodemographic differences in physical activity were greater during leisure time, than during school and leisure time combined.

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    • "Descriptive data of the study sample are given in Table 1. The particular age group was selected after taking into account the following: (i) the measuring method, which was based on a self-reporting questionnaire, considered appropriate and reliable for schoolchildren aged 11þ (Sallis and Owen, 1999); (ii) the fact that 6th grade students have experienced many more years at school and may thus deliver a better judgment; (iii) this age group is on the verge of adolescence, during which documented reduction of PA begins and sedentary behaviour increases (Booth et al., 2002; Kristjansdottir and Vilhjalmsson, 2001); and finally, (iv) initially the sample size was considered sufficient for the study purposes. A larger sample may have caused problems to the participant schools' daily routine as the questionnaire took 2 hours to complete. "
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    ABSTRACT: Children's physical activity (PA) is increasingly restricted by the fast pace of modern life. Schools are the opportune setting in which to increase PA during daily recess. The purpose of this study was to record the degree of PA of 6th grade primary school students during recess and determine whether the playground size and available equipment can influence the degree of students' PA. The study sample comprised of 625 12-year-old students, 324 (51.8%) boys and 301 (48.2%) girls. The PA during recess was calculated by Metabolic Equivalent Time (MET*min) using a self-reference questionnaire. The impact of schoolyard size and equipment on MET*min was evaluated by Kruskal–Wallis analysis of variance (ANOVA). The students' PA (MET*min) during recess was higher at schools with a large schoolyard (197.55+133.15 MET*min), compared with medium size (152.65+109.23 MET*min) and small ones (117.69+104.22 MET*min), (2 ¼50.629, p<0.001). Moreover, students were more physically active during recess in adequately equipped schools (187.11+124.21 MET*min), compared with partially (158.84+128.61 MET*min) or inadequately equipped ones (114.19+89.13 MET*min). This indicates a strong positive relationship between PA and equipment (2 ¼21.277, p<0.001). An encouraging school environment can motivate pre-adolescent children to be more physically active and therefore healthier. These data reveal that spacious schoolyards rich in outdoor facilities can lead to more physically active behaviour among students during recess.
    European Physical Education Review 09/2015; 21(3). DOI:10.1177/1356336X15598790 · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    • "In fact, families spending money and encourage their children to participate in sport and physical activity in order to develop their skills and becoming more social (Patnode et al., 2010; Mota & Silva, 1999). There have been many review articles in the past decade describing the correlates of physical activity among adolescents (Kristjansdottir & Vilhjalmsson, 2001; Humbert et al. , 2006). On the basis of the existing literature on families and talent development, few suggestions can be provided as to how parents and siblings should support the performer in his/her pursuit of excellence and on the specific types of behaviors that a young performer may perceive as pressure or support (Norm O'Reilly et al., 2012). "
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    ABSTRACT: This study tried to tackle the comparison of Socio-Economic Status (SES) of families and social support of parents for physical exercises of their children. In the present study the statistical subjects included high school students that were chosen cluster-randomly from two areas of Tehran city. These areas were 18 th (at south), and 5 th (at north). Finally, 272 out of 300 questionnaires were filled out and sent back correctly. Two main questionnaires were used to measure SES and parental support of children physical activity. Socio-economic status questionnaire (SES; Sharky, 1987) for determining 3 socio-economic variables (sexuality, income and literacy) was used. A research made questionnaire for determining the social support of parents for physical exercise of children. The validity of questionnaires determined by experts and the reliability = 0.81), and social support of parents for p -S test was used to ascertain data normality. Descriptive statistics (mean, frequencies), and inferential statistic (independent t-test) utilized to analyze data. The results indicated the significant difference between social support of parents for physical exercises at the North and South of Tehran city (p = 0.0001, t = 5.803). It seems more parental support of children will bring better situation for them to develop their skills via exersice. . Published by Elsevier Ltd. Selection and peer review under the responsibility of Prof. Dr. Kobus Maree, University of Pretoria, South Africa.
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    • "As in the adult population, we find social inequalities in health behaviour such as physical activity among adolescents in the western world. Associations have been found between adolescents’ level of physical activity and parental education [15,16], occupational status of the parents [17], and family income [18]. These associations between socioeconomic status of the family and physical activity among adolescents are, however subject to debate [19]. "
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    International Journal for Equity in Health 07/2013; 12(1):56. DOI:10.1186/1475-9276-12-56 · 1.71 Impact Factor
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