Characterization of the prostaglandin receptors in human osteoblasts in culture.
ABSTRACT Prostaglandins have complex actions on bone metabolism that depend on interactions with different types and subtypes of receptors. Our objective was to characterize the prostaglandins receptors present in primary cultures of human osteoblasts. RT-PCR analysis revealed the presence of DP, EP(4), IP, FP and TP receptor mRNA in primary cultures of human osteoblasts. FP receptor mRNA was detected only after 3 weeks of confluency, all the others were detected at every culture time tested. To verify the functionality of these receptors we challenged the cells with the prostanoids and synthetic analogues and determined the intracellular levels of cAMP. All receptors found by RT-PCR were coupled to second messengers except for the DP subtype. These results clearly show the presence of functional EP(4), IP, FP and TP receptors in human osteoblasts in culture.
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ABSTRACT: Previous studies have indicated that one of the causes of alveolar bone destruction with periodontitis is lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria in plaque, and that prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) is one of the bone resorption factors that stimulate osteoclast formation through an intercellular interaction between osteoblasts and osteoclast precursors. The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of LPS on cell growth, alkaline phosphatase (ALPase) activity, the production of PGE(2), and the expression of receptors by PGE(2), cyclooxygenase (COX)-1, and COX-2, using human osteosarcoma cell line Saos-2 as osteoblasts. The cells were cultured with 0, 1, or 10 microg mL(-1) of LPS for up to 14 days. The production of PGE(2) and the gene expression of COX-1, COX-2, and PGE(2) receptors, including Ep1, Ep2, Ep3, and Ep4, were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (real-time RT-PCR), respectively. With the addition of LPS, cell growth and ALPase activity decreased by day 5 of the culture, while PGE(2) production increased in a dose-dependent manner throughout the entire 14-day culture period. LPS-reduced ALP activity and LPS-induced PGE(2) production returned to the control level by the addition simultaneously with indomethacin. The expression of COX-1, Ep1, Ep2, and Ep3 receptors decreased on day 14 of the culture, whereas the expression of COX-2 and Ep4 receptors increased significantly with the addition of LPS. These results suggest that LPS promotes PGE(2) production by increasing the expression of COX-2, and that LPS promotes the production of Ep4 receptors in osteoblasts. These results also indicate that LPS-induced PGE(2) may combine with osteoblast Ep4 receptors in autocrine or paracrine modes, and may promote the formation of osteoclasts.Life Sciences 04/2006; 78(17):2012-8. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The prostamide bimatoprost and prostanoid FP receptor agonists are highly efficacious drugs for glaucoma treatment. The presence of both prostamide and prostanoid FP receptors in bimatoprost-sensitive preparations has made prostamide receptor classification difficult. This study investigated a novel bimatoprost-sensitive preparation. Human peripheral blood T lymphoblasts (Molt-3) and human osteoblasts (hFOB) were cultured for intracellular calcium signaling studies and quantitative real-time PCR analysis of RNA. Bimatoprost stimulated concentration-related increases in [Ca(2 +)](i) in a human T-cell line that does not express human FP receptor/variants, according to PCR analysis. The calcium signal induced by bimatoprost was not antagonized by prostanoid FP receptor antagonist/partial agonist AL-8810 or selective TP receptor antagonist SQ 29548. Conversely, bimatoprost did not elevate [Ca(2 +)](i) in human osteoblasts, which were confirmed to contain RNA of human FP receptor/variants. Molt-3 cells have been identified as a bimatoprost-sensitive preparation in which the activity of bimatoprost is independent of prostanoid FP receptors.Current eye research 04/2009; 34(3):184-95. · 1.51 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common human joint disease. Recent studies suggest that an abnormal subchondral bone metabolism is intimately involved in the genesis of this disease. Bone remodelling is tightly regulated by a molecular triad composed of OPG/RANK/RANKL. RANKL exists as 3 isoforms: RANKL1, 2, and 3. RANKL1 and 2 enhance osteoclastogenesis whereas RANKL3 inhibits this phenomenon. We previously reported that human OA subchondral bone osteoblasts can be discriminated into two subgroups according to their level of PGE2 [low (L) or high (H)]. Moreover, we also showed that L-OA osteoblasts express higher levels of total RANKL compared to H-OA osteoblasts. In this study, we investigated the level of membranous RANKL, comparing L- and H-OA subchondral bone osteoblasts, as well as its modulation by osteotropic factors. The impact of the modulation of RANKL1 and 3 on the membranous RANKL level was also studied. Gene expression was determined using real-time PCR for RANKL1 and semi-quantitative PCR for RANKL3. Membranous RANKL was measured by flow cytometry. The modulation of membranous RANKL and RANKL isoforms was monitored on the L- and H-OA osteoblasts and also following treatment with osteotropic factors, including vitamin D3 (50 nM), IL-1beta (100 pg/ml), TNF-alpha (5 ng/ml), PGE2 (500 nM), PTH (100 nM), IL-6 (10 ng/ml) and IL-17 (10 ng/ml). Membranous RANKL levels were significantly increased in L-OA osteoblasts compared to normal (p<0.01) and H-OA (p<0.05). The gene expression level of the RANKL1 profile was reminiscent of the membranous RANKL level. Although RANKL3 gene expression was lower on the H-OA osteoblasts than on normal and L-OA osteoblasts (p<0.03), the overall outcome favoured RANKL1. Treatment with the tested factors showed a significant increase in membranous RANKL on the L-OA osteoblasts, with the exception of PTH and IL-17. Interestingly in this subpopulation, the RANKL3 gene expression level was significantly increased upon PTH and IL-17 treatment. No effect of the tested osteotropic factors was found on the H-OA. Our findings showed that the normal, L- and H-OA subchondral bone osteoblasts differentially express membranous RANKL and RANKL isoforms, and that treatment with osteotropic factors generally favours increased membranous localization of RANKL on L-OA compared to H-OA osteoblasts. This phenomenon appears to take place through differential modulation of each RANKL isoform.Bone 09/2008; 43(2):284-91. · 4.46 Impact Factor