Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction for prostate-specific antigen in the molecular staging of pelvic surgical margins after radical prostatectomy.
ABSTRACT To examine the application of reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to assist in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) detection in the surgical margins after radical prostatectomy (RP). The risk of local recurrence increases considerably in the presence of extracapsular tumor growth and/or positive surgical margins at RP. Although this makes it possible to identify patients with an increased risk of local recurrence, precise predictions cannot be made. A more precise assessment is desirable mainly for early planning of adjuvant therapy.
Ninety-five patients with clinically organ-confined prostate cancer (CaP) underwent RP. After removing the gland, biopsies were obtained from four defined areas of the prostatic fossa and processed for RT-PCR for PSA detection. Sixteen patients with muscle-invasive bladder carcinoma who underwent radical cystoprostatectomy served as controls.
Thirty-two of 95 patients with CaP (35%) had at least one positive molecular margin indicating an expression for PSA; 19 of 48 (39%) of these had an organ-confined tumor stage according to conventional histology and 13 of 47 (28%) had tumor growth beyond the prostate. A statistically significant correlation between the frequency of positive molecular margins and clinical data was only observed in the group with disease greater than Stage pT2. All controls had negative molecular margins (P = 0.012).
On the basis of the results obtained, molecular diagnostic RT-PCR for PSA detection in the surgical margins after RP seems to be an interesting supplementary tool for monitoring the course and establishing the prognosis. Long-term follow-up of these patients is needed to demonstrate the clinical value of molecular diagnostics of surgical margins during RP.
- International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics - INT J RADIAT ONCOL BIOL PHYS. 01/1997; 39(3):681-686.
- The Journal of Urology 01/2000; 162(6):2107. · 3.70 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Clinical and pathological staging of prostate cancer has been, and remains, problematic. Since prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-detected tumors are often discerned during "screening," what are their significance? We analyzed 67 consecutive patients with stage T1c prostate cancer undergoing radical prostatectomy at our institution from August 1, 1991-September 12, 1995, and who had whole-mount specimen processing. Diagnosis was determined in all cases by transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy. The mean age of our patients was 63 years, and the mean PSA at time of diagnosis was 8.6 ng/ml (median, 7.2 ng/ml). There was organ-confined cancer in 31/67 (46%) patients; 17/67 (25%) had periprostatic fat infiltration, and of these 5(7%) had seminal vesicle involvement. Thirty-one of 67 (46%) had positive surgical margins. Twenty-two (33%) had a Gleason sum of > or = 7 in the final pathological specimen. Insignificant tumors (dominant tumor volume < 0.20 cc) were found in only 4 cases. Smaller tumors were more likely to be found when the PSA was < 10 ng/ml. Multifocal disease was found in 64/67 (96%) prostate specimens. This study adds impetus to the growing realization that nonpalpable prostate cancer, detected because of elevated PSA, is rarely insignificant. Our findings add further emphasis to the fact that patients diagnosed by PSA elevation have, for the most part, significant cancer that should be treated aggressively.The Prostate 07/1997; 32(1):59-64. · 3.84 Impact Factor