Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction for prostate-specific antigen in the molecular staging of pelvic surgical margins after radical prostatectomy.
ABSTRACT To examine the application of reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to assist in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) detection in the surgical margins after radical prostatectomy (RP). The risk of local recurrence increases considerably in the presence of extracapsular tumor growth and/or positive surgical margins at RP. Although this makes it possible to identify patients with an increased risk of local recurrence, precise predictions cannot be made. A more precise assessment is desirable mainly for early planning of adjuvant therapy.
Ninety-five patients with clinically organ-confined prostate cancer (CaP) underwent RP. After removing the gland, biopsies were obtained from four defined areas of the prostatic fossa and processed for RT-PCR for PSA detection. Sixteen patients with muscle-invasive bladder carcinoma who underwent radical cystoprostatectomy served as controls.
Thirty-two of 95 patients with CaP (35%) had at least one positive molecular margin indicating an expression for PSA; 19 of 48 (39%) of these had an organ-confined tumor stage according to conventional histology and 13 of 47 (28%) had tumor growth beyond the prostate. A statistically significant correlation between the frequency of positive molecular margins and clinical data was only observed in the group with disease greater than Stage pT2. All controls had negative molecular margins (P = 0.012).
On the basis of the results obtained, molecular diagnostic RT-PCR for PSA detection in the surgical margins after RP seems to be an interesting supplementary tool for monitoring the course and establishing the prognosis. Long-term follow-up of these patients is needed to demonstrate the clinical value of molecular diagnostics of surgical margins during RP.
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ABSTRACT: The risk of local recurrence after radical prostatectomy (RP) is considerably dependent on local tumor stage. To improve local staging, the aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of quantitative methylation-specific PCR (Q-MSP) for the identification of promoter hypermethylation of the detoxifying glutathione-S-transferase P1 gene (GSTP1) to detect occult prostate cancer (PCa) cells in the prostatic fossa after RP. A total of 39 consecutive patients with clinically organ-confined PCa underwent RP. After gland excision, biopsies were obtained from eight defined areas of the prostatic fossa and bisected for both histopathological and molecular analyses. Results were related to clinicopathological data including tumor stage, Gleason score, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and biochemical recurrence. Of 39 patients, 11 with PCa had at least one positive molecular margin status indicated by GSTP1 methylation. These included 5 of 17 (29.4%) with organ-confined and 6 of 22 (27.3%) with advanced (≥pT3 and/or pN+) PCa. GSTP1 methylation in surgical margins strongly correlated with histopathological R-status (P = 0.022) and preoperative PSA (P = 0.01) whereas no association with tumor stage (pT2 vs pT3), grade (Gleason score <7 vs ≥7), and lymph node status was found. No patient experienced biochemical relapse. GSTP1 hypermethylation detected by Q-MSP in prostatic fossa biopsies after RP is well suited for the detection of occult tumor cells in surgical margins. However, the limited number of patients and the short-term follow-up does not allow definite conclusions on the prognostic value of GSTP1 in surgical margins.World Journal of Urology 09/2011; 30(4):541-6. · 2.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We assessed the incidence of micro-metastases at surgical margins (SM) and pelvic lymph nodes (LN) in patients submitted to radical retropubic prostatectomy (RP) after neoadjuvant therapy (NT) or to RP alone. We compared traditional staging to molecular detection of PSA using Taqman-based quantitative real-time PCR (qrt-PCR) never used before for this purpose. METHODS: 29 patients were assigned to NT plus RP (arm A) or RP alone (arm B). Pelvic LN were dissected for qrt-PCR analysis, together with right and left lateral SM. RESULTS: 64,3% patients of arm B and 26.6% of arm A had evidence of PSA mRNA expression in LN and/or SM. 17,2% patients, all of arm B, had biochemical recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Qrt-PCR may be more sensitive, compared to conventional histology, in identifying presence of viable prostate carcinoma cells in SM and LN. Gene expression of PSA in surgical periprostatic samples might be considered as a novel and reliable indicator of minimal residual disease after NT.Journal of Translational Medicine 05/2004; 2(1):13. · 3.46 Impact Factor
- Der Urologe 08/2007; 46(9):1163-1165. · 0.46 Impact Factor