Thermal stability of acetylcholinesterase from Bungarus fasciatus venom as investigated by capillary electrophoresis.
ABSTRACT Previous studies on the conformation of the monomeric acetylcholinesterase (AChE) from the krait (Bungarus fasciatus) venom showed that the protein possesses a large permanent dipole moment. These studies predicted that thermal irreversible denaturation must occur via partially unfolded states. The thermal stability of Bungarus AChE was determined using capillary electrophoresis (CE) with optimized conditions. Runs performed at convenient temperature scanning rates provided evidence for an irreversible denaturation process according to the Lumry and Eyring model. The mid-transition temperature, T(m), and the effective enthalpy change, DeltaH(m) were determined at different pH. The temperature dependence of the free energy, DeltaG, of Bungarus AChE unfolding was drawn using values of T(m), DeltaH(m) and DeltaC(p) determined by CE. The thermodynamic parameters for the thermal denaturation of the monomeric snake enzyme were compared with those of different dimeric and tetrameric ChEs. It was shown that the changes in the ratio of DeltaH(cal/)DeltaH(vH) and DeltaC(p) reflect the oligomerization state of these proteins. All these results indicate that wild-type monomeric Bungarus AChE is a stable enzyme under standard conditions. However, designed mutants of this enzyme capable of degrading organophosphates have to be engineered to enhance their thermostability.