Ectopic gastric mucosa presenting as a polypoid mass within a Meckel's diverticulum
ABSTRACT A 32-year-old man presented with severe abdominal pain located in the mesogastrium and right hemi-abdomen. A barium transit study showed a tubular structure of 6 cm arising from a bowel loop in the distal ileum, with an intraluminal polypoid mass near the bottom. Diagnosis of a benign lesion within a Meckel's diverticulum was made. Anatomopathology confirmed a Meckel's diverticulum and demonstrated that the polypoid mass was caused by an unusual great ectopic island of gastric mucosa.
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ABSTRACT: Although the vast majority of gastrointestinal (GI) masses are epithelial neoplasms, a variety of subepithelial masses are infrequently encountered during endoscopic or radiologic examination. A subepithelial mass, which was previously called a submucosal mass, is defined as a mass covered with normal-appearing mucosa, whether the underlying process is intramural or extramural in origin. At contrast material-enhanced computed tomography (CT), hypervascular subepithelial masses are usually detected more easily than isoattenuating or hypovascular masses. Entities that appear as intramural hypervascular subepithelial lesions include neuroendocrine tumors, GI stromal tumor, glomus tumor, hemangioma, angiosarcoma, Kaposi sarcoma, nerve sheath tumors, hypervascular metastases, heterotopic tissues, and vascular structures. Entities that appear as extramural hypervascular subepithelial lesions include Castleman disease, solitary fibrous tumor, inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, and actinomycosis. Some rare gastric cancers resemble subepithelial tumors. In comparison with endoscopic ultrasonography, CT is of limited value in differentiating the layers of the GI wall and determining the origin of mass lesions. However, recent advances in multidetector CT with multiplanar reformation allow one to determine whether a GI mass is of epithelial, intramural subepithelial, or extramural subepithelial origin. Furthermore, the full extent of tumors can be delineated, and local invasion and distant metastases can be identified. Familiarity with the characteristic CT appearances of hypervascular subepithelial masses of the GI tract will help radiologists make a more confident diagnosis.Radiographics 11/2010; 30(7):1915-34. DOI:10.1148/rg.307105028
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ABSTRACT: Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is the most frequent anomaly of the small intestine. It appears after incomplete obliteration of the omphalomesenteric or viteline duct which normaly obliterates and disappears by the 9th week of gestation. The majority of MD do not give rise to any clinical symptoms and are encounted either incidentally, at examination or intervention, or due to complications which may occur (obstruction, hemorrhagy, rupture), and are described in many clinical reports. The aim of the study was to find out the incidence of MD in fetuses when the development of the alimentary tract is already finished. The investigation was performed on 150 human fetuses of different sex and gastational age, using microdissection method. The cases with MD were photographed, described, their positions and dimensions were registered. The samples of MD taken for histological investigation were dyed with hematoksilin eosin method. Meckel's diverticulum was found in five fatuses (three male and two female); in one case the fibrous band was found. All of them were located on animesenteric margine of the small intestine at the average distance of 92.5 mm from the ileocecal junction. They were of different shape and dimensions, but of the normal constitution of the small intestine. The incidence of MD was 3.3%, and 4% of all the anomalies of the intestines connected to the disappearance of the viteline duct. It was more frequent in the male, located on antimesenteric margine of the small intestine, at the destination which highly correlated to the age of the fetus. Meckel's diverticule were of different shapes and dimensions but of the typical constitution of the small intestine.Vojnosanitetski pregled. Military-medical and pharmaceutical review 09/2008; 65(8):606-11. DOI:10.2298/VSP0808606P
- Vojnosanitetski pregled. Military-medical and pharmaceutical review 01/2010; 67(12):1025-1028. DOI:10.2298/VSP1012025M