Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Child Feeding Questionnaire: A Measure of Parental Attitudes, Beliefs and Practices About Child Feeding and Obesity Proneness

Department of Human Development and Family Studies and Graduate Program in Nutrition, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA.
Appetite (Impact Factor: 2.69). 07/2001; 36(3):201-10. DOI: 10.1006/appe.2001.0398
Source: PubMed


The Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) is a self-report measure to assess parental beliefs, attitudes, and practices regarding child feeding, with a focus on obesity proneness in children. Confirmatory factor analysis tested a 7-factor model, which included four factors measuring parental beliefs related to child's obesity proneness, and three factors measuring parental control practices and attitudes regarding child feeding. Using a sample of 394 mothers and fathers, three models were tested, and the third model confirmed an acceptable fit, including correlated factors. Internal consistencies for the seven factors were above 0.70. With minor changes, this same 7-factor model was also confirmed in a second sample of 148 mothers and fathers, and a third sample of 126 Hispanic mothers and fathers. As predicted, four of the seven factors were related to an independent measure of children's weight status, providing initial support for the validity of the instrument. The CFQ can be used to assess aspects of child-feeding perceptions, attitudes, and practices and their relationships to children's developing food acceptance patterns, the controls of food intake, and obesity. The CFQ is designed for use with parents of children ranging in age from about 2 to 11 years of age.

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Available from: S. L. Johnson, May 04, 2014
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    • "The Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) is a self-reporting instrument used to assess parental beliefs, attitudes, and practices regarding child feeding, with a focus on obesity proneness in children (Birch et al., 2001). The reliability (α = 0.70 to 0.92) and the construct validity of the CFQ have been confirmed in prior study (Birch et al., 2001). "
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    • "We assessed feeding behaviors using the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) [25] and the Caregiver Feeding Responsibility Scale (CFRS) [26]. For the CFQ Restriction (8 items), Monitoring (3 items), and Pressure to Eat (4 items) subscales, higher scores reflect greater levels of the measured feeding behavior. "
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    • "Finally, to examine validity of the checklist we examined correlations between the summary score for the full checklist and its components with the two subscales of the CFQ: Weight Concern and Restriction as described above (Birch et al., 2001). Higher parental weight concern for child was positively correlated with higher scores for the full summary checklist [r(466) = 0.11, p = .02], "
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