An analysis of 4,514 cases of renal biopsy in Korea.
ABSTRACT To evaluate the distribution and changing patterns of renal diseases in Korea, a total of 4,514 cases of renal biopsy collected over a 23-year period between 1973 and 1995 were reviewed. Of 4,200 cases excluding 314 unsatisfactory biopsies, adult cases comprised 59.5% and pediatric cases, 40.5%. The male to female ratio was 1.5:1 in adults and 2.2:1 in children. Glomerulonephritis (GN) comprised 80.0% of the total. The most common primary GN in adults was minimal change disease (MCD) (26.6%), followed by IgA nephropathy (IgAN) (22.1%), membranous GN (MGN) (11.8%), and membranoproliferative GN (MPGN) (5.9%). In children, the primary GN incidence rates were MCD (24.8%), IgAN (10.3%), poststreptococcal (including postinfectious) GN (PSGN) (8.6%), and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) (4.0%). The most common secondary GN in adults was lupus nephritis and in children Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis. The most common cause of nephrotic syndrome was MCD in both adults and children, followed by MGN and FSGS. The elderly, aged sixty years and older, comprised 2.7% of cases and recorded equal numbers of MCD and MGN. The proportion of the biopsies found to be seropositive for HBs antigen was 27.9%, and these showed either MGN or MPGN pattern. Repeat biopsy was performed in 168 patients, due to previous biopsy failure in 15.5%. When the primary GN cases were analyzed at 5-year intervals, the prevalence of PSGN, which was greater than 25% during the 1973-1982 period, decreased abruptly in children thereafter, whereas the prevalence of FSGS increased slowly since the 1988-1992 period in both adults and children. The decrease of PSGN and the increase of FSGS suggest a role for socioeconomic and environmental factors in Korea.
Article: Hisopathological spectrum of glomerular disease in nepal: a seven-year retrospective study.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We analyzed 137 cases of renal biopsies at the Department of Pathology from 2001 to 2007. The average age was 30.6 years (range, 13-72) for males and 32.9 years (range, 11-75) for females. The male to female ratio was 1.6: 1. The most common clinical syndromes for performing renal biopsy were nephrotic syndrome (81.6%) followed by asymptomatic urinary abnormalities (5.8%), nephritic syndrome (3.6%), hypertension (2.9%), chronic kidney disease (2.2%), acute renal failure (2.2%), cirrhosis (0.7%) and transplant rejection (0.7%). The major glomerular diseases in descending order of frequency were membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN; 42.3%), membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN; 21.9%), minimal change disease (MCD; 10.2%), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS; 8.0%), IgA nephropathy (2.9%), post infectious glomerulonephritis (GN) (2.2%), chronic GN (2.2%), tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN; 1.5%), lupus nephritis (1.5%), focal proliferative GN (1.5%), Clq nephropathy (1.5%), amyloidosis (1.5%) and other minor form of glomerular diseases (2.8%). The pattern ofglomerulonephritis in our study is different from the reports of other developing countries. It could be due to various races and altered environmental condition. The information obtained from these results can be used as baseline data for making efficient research in Nepalese population in the future. The higher frequency of MGN and MPGN among Nepalese in comparison with other developing countries deserves further evaluation.Nepal Medical College journal : NMCJ. 07/2008; 10(2):126-8.
Article: The Relative Frequency, Clinical and Laboratory Findings of Adult Glomerulonephritidies in Tehran[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background: Renal diseases information is population-based and has great geographic variability. Due to the lack of national renal data registry system, there is no information on the prevalence rate, and clinical and laboratory features of various glomerulonephritidies (GNs) in Iran. Methods: In a retrospective cross sectional study, we analyzed 462 adult renal biopsies in Hashemi Nejad hospital, Tehran, Iran. We determined the prevalence rate and the frequency of different clinical and laboratory findings in patients with different GNs. We also compared our results with the reports from other countries. Results: There were 267(57.8%) males and 195(42.2%) females. The mean age (± SD) was 33.6 ± 15.7 (range, 13-75) years old. After exclusion of 55 biopsies with pathologies other than GNs and in the remaining 407 biopsies, membranous glomerulopathy (MGN) was the most common GN (23.6%), followed by IgAN (13.5%), membranoproliferative GN (11.5%), systemic lupus nephritis (10.6%), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (10.3%), and minimal change disease (9.8%). These 6 GNs comprised the majority (79.4%) of all GNs. Conclusion: MGN is the most common form of GN, followed by IgAN, MPGN, SLE-GN, FSGS and MCD in adult patients in our study. The multi-center studies with a larger sample size are needed for more comprehensive data in Iranian population. Key words: Glomerulonephritidies, Epidemiology, Renal Biopsy, GlomeulopathyJournal of Research in Medical Sciences. 01/2006;
Article: Paediatric renal biopsies in East Bohemia. single centre experience in the years 1997-2008.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This report analyses data on 177 renal biopsies (RB) performed in 174 children in the East Bohemian region throughout 1997-2008. The primary aim was to evaluate the diagnostic benefit of the procedure, the secondary aim was to assess the safety of RB and prevalence of clinical complications. The patients' mean age at the time of RB was 12.77 +/- 4.17 years; range 1 to 19 years; male to female ratio 1.17:1. Haematuria was the most common indication for RB. All RBs were performed by a single consultant nephrologist. 27 biopsies in 27 patients (15.3 %) in 1997 were performed under X-ray control, the remaining 150 RB (84.7 %) under ultrasound guidance. The mean annual number of RBs performed in 1997-2001 was significantly higher than in the 2003-2008 period (21.6 +/- 5.5 versus 9.9 +/- 1.2; p=0.0003). All samples were diagnostic. The mean number of glomeruli was 23.5 +/- 11.4 (range 4-55) per sample. The RB resulted in information yielding a definite diagnosis and/or prognosis in 173 children (99.4 %). The most frequent diagnoses were IgA nephropathy (n=41; 23.5 %), mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis (n=31; 17.8 %) and thin basement membrane glomerulopathy (n=22; 12.6 %). No major complications were encountered and only minor complications occurred in 43 cases (24.2 %), not requiring medical intervention. In conclusion, the present practice of RB in children is safe, with high clinical benefit.Acta medica (Hradec Králové) / Universitas Carolina, Facultas Medica Hradec Králové 01/2009; 52(4):141-7.