Importance of ileoscopy during colonoscopy for the early diagnosis of ileal tuberculosis: report of two cases.

Department of Medicine, Department of Pathology, Alice Ho Miu Ling Nethersole Hospital, Tai Po, New Territoties, Hong Kong SAR.
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (Impact Factor: 5.21). 07/2001; 53(7):813-5. DOI: 10.1067/mge.2001.114954
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    ABSTRACT: To study the role of retrograde terminal ileoscopy in patients suspected to have ileocolonic tuberculosis. A retrospective analysis was performed for patients undergoing colonoscopy for suspected ileocolonic tuberculosis between January 2000 and June 2004, in whom retrograde ileoscopy had been performed. Only patients diagnosed with tuberculosis on the basis of histological findings of either a caseating granuloma or those having non-caseating granuloma or a collection of epithelioid cells at a minimum of one endoscopic lesion (either in the colon or the terminal ileum) on histology with good responses to conventional anti-tuberculous drugs were enrolled for the study. Fifty-three patients were included. The terminal ileum was involved in only 11 patients. Eight of these patients had involvement of the cecum too. Two patients had ileal lesions without cecal involvement; however, lesions were noted in the ascending colon. In one patient the whole colon was normal and only the terminal ileum showed nodularity and ulceration. Histological examination of the ileal biopsies obtained from the ileal lesions showed noncaseating granulomas in five, collection of epithelioid cells in four and nonspecific histology in two patients. Mucosal biopsies obtained from the lesion in the terminal ileum, in the patient in whom mucosal abnormality was observed to be confined to the ileum, showed noncaseating granulomas. In two other patients the ileal biopsies alone showed histological evidence of tuberculosis with biopsies from the colonic lesions showing non-specific inflammatory changes only. Retrograde ileoscopy should be performed in all patients undergoing colonoscopy for suspected ileocolonic tuberculosis. In some patients only the terminal ileum may be involved and histological examination may reveal evidence of tuberculosis only from the lesions in the terminal ileum. This approach would lead to additional lesions being picked up and increasing the chances of well-timed diagnosis of tuberculosis.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 04/2007; 13(11):1723-7. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluated the role of hyoscine butyl bromide in facilitating retrograde ileoscopy. Retrograde terminal ileoscopy was attempted in 200 consecutive patients undergoing colonoscopy. After intubation of the cecum and visualization of the ileocecal valve, butyl bromide injection or normal saline was given intravenously to the patients in a double blind random fashion. The pulse rate and oxygen saturation were measured continuously. After completion of the procedure, endoscopists were then asked to score the ease of intubation and the ease of visualization of the terminal ileum on a visual scale of 1 to 10. The patients were also asked to score the pain after receiving hyoscine butyl bromide injection on a score of 1 to 10. Terminal ileoscopy could be performed in 188 patients. The mean (SD) visual analogue score for the ease of intubation of the cecum was 7.4 (0.65) in the injection group and 5.9 (0.8) in the placebo group (P < 0.001). The mean (SD) length of ileum visualized in the injection group was 14.4 (3.3) cm and 10.4 (2.7) cm in the placebo group (P < 0.001). The mean (SD) visual analogue score for ease of visualization of the terminal ileum was 7.5 (0.69) in the injection group and 5.9 (0.7) in the placebo group (P < 0.001). The pain score experienced by the patients was 6.5 (0.7) in the injection group and 6.7 (0.69) in the placebo group (P < 0.008). Although the pulse rate increased significantly in patients receiving the drug, no statistically significant difference was noted in the oxygen saturation between the two groups either before or after administration of the drug. No complications were observed in either of the groups. Hyoscine butyl bromide injection is a useful adjunct in helping the intubation and visualization of terminal ileum during colonoscopy.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2007; 13(12):1820-3. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: During colonoscopy ileal intubation does not have a specific indication; neither is it accepted as a routine procedure.
    Revista Colombiana de Gastroenterologia 09/2008; 23(3):240-249.