Short-pulse B-non-Hodgkin lymphoma-type chemotherapy is efficacious treatment for pediatric anaplastic large cell lymphoma: a report of the Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster Group Trial NHL-BFM 90.
ABSTRACT Anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) accounts for approximately 10% of pediatric non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Previous experience from NHL-Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (BFM) trials indicated that the short-pulse B-NHL-type treatment strategy may also be efficacious for ALCL. The purpose of this study was to test the efficacy of this protocol for treatment of childhood ALCL in a large prospective multicenter trial and to define risk factors. From April 1990 to March 1995, 89 patients younger than 18 years of age with newly diagnosed ALCL were enrolled in trial NHL-BFM 90. Immunophenotype was T-cell in 40 patients, B-cell in 5, null in 31, and not determined in 13. Stages were as follows: I, n = 8; II, n = 20; III, n = 55; IV, n = 6. Extranodal manifestations were as follows: mediastinum, n = 28; lung, n = 13; skin, n = 16; soft tissue, n = 13; bone, n = 14; central nervous system, n = 1; bone marrow, n = 5. After a cytoreductive prephase, treatment was stratified into 3 branches: patients in K1 (stage I and II resected) received three 5-day courses (methotrexate [MTX] 0.5 g/m(2), dexamethasone, oxazaphorins, etoposide, cytarabine, doxorubicin, and intrathecal therapy); patients in K2 (stage II nonresected and stage III) received 6 courses; patients in K3 (stage IV or multifocal bone disease) received 6 intensified courses including MTX 5 g/m(2), high-dose cytarabine/etoposide. The Kaplan-Meier estimate for a 5-year event-free survival was 76% +/- 5% (median follow-up, 5.6 years) for all patients and 100%, 73% +/- 6%, and 79% +/- 11% for K1, K2, and K3, respectively. Events were as follows: progression during therapy, n = 2; progression or relapse after therapy, n = 20; second malignancy, n = 1. It was concluded that short-pulse chemotherapy, stratified according to stage, is effective treatment for pediatric ALCL. B symptoms were associated with increased risk of failure. (Blood. 2001;97:3699-3706)
- SourceAvailable from: Naglaa mohamed Kamal[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) accounts for 8-10% of all childhood cancers. NHL collectively represents various lymphoid malignancies with diverse clinicopathological and biological characteristics. In this study, we aimed to describe the epidemiological and clinicopathological characteristics and treatment outcomes of pediatric NHL patients treated at the Pediatric Oncology Unit of Zagazig University Hospital and the Benha Specialized Pediatric Hospital. We conducted a cross-sectional retrospective study by reviewing the medical records of 142 patients admitted with a diagnosis of NHL over a period of 8 years (February, 2004 to February, 2012) in these two Oncology Units. The age at presentation ranged between 2 and 15 years, with a mean ± standard deviation (SD) of 6.1±2.8 years and a male:female ratio of 1.7:1. Abdominal involvement was the most common presentation (73.2%). Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) was the most common NHL subtype (69%), followed by lymphoblastic lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and anaplastic large-cell lymphoma, accounting for 18.3, 10.6 and 2.1% of the cases, respectively. The majority of the patients (88.7%) had been diagnosed with advanced disease (Murphy stage III/IV). Complete remission was achieved in 120 cases (84.5%). A total of 16 patients (11.3%) succumbed to the disease during the first few months and 6 patients (4.2%) remained alive following relapse. The mean follow-up duration ± SD was 34.6±25.1 months (range, 3-84 months). The 5-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) rates were 88.7 and 85.1%, respectively. None of the clinical, epidemiological or pathological variables exhibited a statistically significant association with the OS or EFS. In conclusion, NHL occurs at a younger age, with a higher incidence of BL and advanced-stage disease. The outcome of NHL in our two centers was satisfactory, approaching the international rates.Molecular and Clinical Oncology 01/2015; 3(1):139-144.
Article: Pediatric non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) accounts for 7% of cancer in children and adolescents in the United States, or approximately 1000 cases annually. NHL in the pediatric population differs from that observed in adult patients with respect to staging systems, histologic subtypes of disease, treatment, and outcomes. Although more than 90% of pediatric NHL is of high-grade histology, more than 80% of patients achieve long-term event-free survival with modern therapy. This review focuses on current treatments for pediatric NHL and some of the differences between NHL observed in pediatric and adult patients.Current Oncology Reports 11/2007; 9(6):459-65. · 2.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We report on an 8 year old boy with primary cardiac anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), in whom the diagnosis was challenging and who was treated with modified chemotherapy without radiation therapy according to the ALCL 99 study protocol . Two years and 4 months after completion of therapy the boy is in complete remission with normal cardiac function.Leukemia Research Reports. 01/2014;