Self-Determinaton Theory and the Facilitation of Intrinsic Motivation, Social Development, and Well-Being

Department of Clinical and Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA.
American Psychologist (Impact Factor: 6.87). 02/2000; 55(1):68-78. DOI: 10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.68
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Human beings can be proactive and engaged or, alternatively, passive and alienated, largely as a function of the social conditions in which they develop and function. Accordingly, research guided by self-determination theory has focused on the social-contextual conditions that facilitate versus forestall the natural processes of self-motivation and healthy psychological development. Specifically, factors have been examined that enhance versus undermine intrinsic motivation, self-regulation, and well-being. The findings have led to the postulate of three innate psychological needs--competence, autonomy, and relatedness--which when satisfied yield enhanced self-motivation and mental health and when thwarted lead to diminished motivation and well-being. Also considered is the significance of these psychological needs and processes within domains such as health care, education, work, sport, religion, and psychotherapy.

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Available from: Richard M Ryan, Sep 25, 2015
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    • "H3: Consumers' perceived control of mobile commerce services will be negatively related to impulse buying. The influence of self-efficacy on satisfaction varies depending on how well it satisfies the intrinsic needs of competence (Ryan & Deci, 2000). According to previous research, self-efficacy exerts positive effects on job satisfaction (e.g., Caprara et al., 2003; Smith et al., 2011). "
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    • "Nevertheless, our results may be explained by the work motivation literature (e.g., Latham 2007), in particular self-determination theory (Deci and Ryan 1985). In brief, selfdetermination theory states that extrinsically motivated behaviors—behaviors whose outcome is instrumentally valued, rather than being enjoyable in themselves—vary along a continuum defined by the degree to which the motivations, or intentions to act, emanate from the self (Ryan and Deci 2000). Although motivation is a broader concept than commitment (commitment reinforces motivation and embeds it), ''both have been described as energizing forces with implications for behavior,'' with regulatory processes ranging in terms of the relative strength, or salience, of external demand versus internal drive (Collier and Esteban 2007; Meyer et al. 2004, p. 994). "
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