Article

Redox properties of cytochrome c.

Department of Chemistry, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy.
Antioxidants and Redox Signaling (Impact Factor: 7.67). 05/2001; 3(2):279-91. DOI: 10.1089/152308601300185232
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The redox properties of cytochromes (cyt) c, a ubiquitous class of heme-containing electron transport proteins, have been extensively investigated over the last two decades. The reduction potential (E degrees') is central to the chemistry of cyt c for two main reasons. First, E degrees' influences both the thermodynamic and kinetic aspects of the electron exchange reaction with redox partners. Second, this thermodynamic parameter is remarkably sensitive to changes in the properties of the heme and the protein matrix, and hence can be profitably used for the investigation of the solution chemistry of cyt c. This research area owes much to the exploitation of voltammetric techniques for the determination of E degrees' for metalloproteins, which dates back to the late 1970s. Since then, much effort has been devoted to the comprehension of the molecular factors that control E degrees' in cyt c, which include first coordination sphere effects on the heme iron, the interactions of the heme group with the surrounding polypeptide chain and the solvent, and also include medium effects related to the nature and ionic composition of the solvent, pH, the presence of potential protein ligands, and the temperature. This article provides an overview of the most significant advances made in this field recently.

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