Poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma: a case report.

Institute of Pathological Anatomy, University of Palermo, Italy.
Pathology & Oncology Research (Impact Factor: 1.56). 02/2001; 7(1):63-6. DOI: 10.1007/BF03032608
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma is a rare soft tissue tumor. We studied a case arising in the pleural cavity of a young subject, characterised by the presence of spindle cell, small cell, and large epithelioid cell areas. We performed stains for mucosubstances and analysed the expression of cytokeratins 5/6, 7, 8, 18, 19, CEA, CD34, Ber-Ep4 and calretinin to characterize the phenotype of this neoplasm. We furthermore assessed immunohistochemically the presence of p53, Bcl-2, Bax and caspase 3, four apoptotic markers, to evaluate a relationship between apoptotic activity and the behaviour of this tumor. Our findings showed a strong presence of calretinin, p53 and Bcl-2 in all three areas. The possibility that poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma could be calretinin-positive was a new data, to our knowledge, and it could be of some importance in diagnostic pathology. Moreover, the negligible positivity for Bax and caspase 3 suggested that the minor role of programmed cell death could be one of the causes of the aggressive behaviour of this tumor. These data also suggest that the reduction of apoptotic phenomena in poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma could be considered one of the major mechanisms of tumoral growth.

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    ABSTRACT: To describe a case of recurrent sarcomatoid adult granulosa cell tumour (AGCT) of the ovary and to evaluate the usefulness of two ovarian sex cord stromal markers (inhibin and calretinin) in separating sarcomatoid AGCT from true sarcomas. A 72 year old woman presented with a recurrent sarcomatoid AGCT in the sigmoid colon mesentery, which histologically mimicked a malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST). This index case and 79 sarcomas (32 GISTs, 28 leiomyosarcomas, 15 endometrial stromal sarcomas (ESSs), including one with sex cord-like areas, and four undifferentiated uterine sarcomas) were immunostained using antibodies to inhibin and calretinin. The recurrent sarcomatoid AGCT expressed diffuse, strong cytoplasmic immunoreactivity with inhibin and focal but strong nuclear and cytoplasmic positivity with calretinin. Focal, weak cytoplasmic inhibin expression limited to sex cord-like areas was present in one ESS. None of the other sarcomas expressed inhibin. Focal, strong calretinin immunoreactivity was identified in 11 leiomyosarcomas and one GIST. The case of ESS with sex cord-like areas showed strong immunoreactivity for calretinin limited to the sex cord-like areas. Inhibin is a useful immunomarker to distinguish sarcomatoid AGCT from other spindle cell neoplasms that may enter into the differential diagnosis. Calretinin appears to be less specific than inhibin.
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    ABSTRACT: Although synovial cell sarcoma is a common tumor of the extremities, its occurrence in the thorax has been less frequently documented. A 46-year-old Pakistani man presented with a 2 month history of progressively increasing cough and left lower chest pain. Initial evaluation was done using a chest x-ray; the patient was found to have a large mass involving the lower portion of the left chest. A computed tomography scan was performed next which showed a large mass involving the left chest wall with invasion into the pericardium and left hemidiaphragm. En bloc surgical resection of the tumor was undertaken. Final pathology showed synovial cell sarcoma of the thorax. At one-year follow-up, the patient has shown no recurrence of the disease. We have described a rare case of a large synovial cell sarcoma of the thorax. Surgical resection appears an appropriate modus operandi for managing giant synovial cell sarcomas of the thorax. However, there is a need to clearly define post-operative strategies for cases with extensive involvement of surrounding structures.
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  • 07/2009; 34(4):370-374.

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