A column study of soil contamination by lead: influence of pH and carbonate content. I. Experimental results.
ABSTRACT The influence of soil carbonate content on the fate of lead in soil was studied in a lab-scale column under different pH values of the contaminant solution. Results indicated that retention of this toxic heavy metal (up to 38% weight at pH = 5) occurred which was proportional to the total carbonate content. A decrease in the pH of the aqueous solution entering the column resulted in a decrease of the retention of lead in the soil. Furthermore, the concentration of lead in the effluent was increased dramatically. Concentrations of lead about 2.5 times higher than in the contaminant solution were measured at pH = 3. Knowledge of these phenomena is important for risk assessment and remediation feasibility studies.
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ABSTRACT: A mathematical model is used for the interpretation of the results from earlier experimental studies in lab-scale columns on the contamination of a carbonatic soil with lead. Local equilibrium conditions suffice to reproduce the experimental curves for every pH value of the influent contaminant solution and carbonate content of the soils essayed, but heterogeneous contact between the aqueous and solid phase should be included. This heterogeneous contact is responsible for the important tailing effects observed, and is difficult to estimate even for the lab conditions. Then, important uncertainties should be accepted both for risk assessment and in situ remediation feasibility studies.Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A 02/2001; 36(6):1015-26. DOI:10.1081/ESE-100104128 · 1.14 Impact Factor