SHP-1 expression by malignant small B-cell lymphomas reflects the maturation stage of their normal B-cell counterparts
ABSTRACT SHP-1 is a protein phosphotyrosine phosphatase that plays an important role in modulating intracellular signaling, which regulates cell activation, proliferation, differentiation, and migration. It is a negative regulator of signal transduction induced by a number of cell receptors. Our immunohistochemical examination of paraffin-embedded reactive lymph nodes and lymphoid tissues revealed that B lymphocytes in follicle germinal centers do not express SHP-1. A weak staining of the B cells in the germinal center light zones was detected when an ultrasensitive amplification system was used. In contrast, normal B cells in mantle and marginal zones as well as interfollicular B lymphocytes and plasma cells displayed strong immunoreactivity. This pattern of SHP-1 expression was repeated in small B-cell lymphomas. All cases of mantle cell lymphoma (12 of 12), marginal zone lymphoma (10 of 10), and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (13 of 13) expressed SHP-1 protein. However, only 1 of 30 cases of grade 1 follicle center cell lymphoma expressed SHP-1. Our observations highlight the biologic functions of SHP-1 and demonstrate that the SHP-1 expression pattern by small B-cell lymphomas reflects the maturation stage of their normal cell counterparts. These results indicate that determination of SHP-1 expression may help in the differential diagnosis of small B-cell lymphomas.
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ABSTRACT: SHP-1, an SH2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase, is primarily expressed in hematopoietic cells and behaves as a key regulator controlling intracellular phosphotyrosine levels in lymphocytes. SHP-1 has been proposed as a candidate tumor suppressor gene in lymphoma, leukemia and other cancers, as it functions as an antagonist to the growth-promoting and oncogenic potentials of tyrosine kinase. The decreased levels of SHP-1 protein and SHP-1 mRNA observed in various leukemia and lymphoma cell lines have been attributed to either the methylation of the promoter region of the SHP-1 gene or the post-transcriptional block of SHP-1 protein synthesis. In contrast, SHP-1 protein is normally or over-expressed in some non-lymphocytic cell lines, such as prostate cancer, ovarian cancer and breast cancer cell lines. SHP-1 expression also is decreased in some breast cancer cell lines with negative expression of estrogen receptor as well as some prostate and colorectal cancer cell lines. These data suggest that SHP-1 can play either negative or positive roles in regulating signal transduction pathways. Dysfunction in SHP-1 regulation can cause abnormal cell growth and induce different kinds of cancers. In this paper, we summarize recent studies on the expression and regulation of SHP-1 protein and its pathological function in the development of lymphoma, leukemia and other cancers.Gene 04/2003; 306:1-12. DOI:10.1016/S0378-1119(03)00400-1 · 2.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The major lymphoid inhabitant of the follicular mantle is the mantle cell, an immunologically naïve B cell. It is the putative cell of origin of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), the cells of which have similar morphologic, immunophenotypic, and molecular characteristics to the normal B lymphocytes of the mantle zone. In the past year a number of advances have been made in the biology of the normal mantle cell, its interactions with the other constituents of the follicular and mantle zone microenvironments, and the development of neoplasia in this cell population. In addition, new developments in diagnostic molecular pathology have been used to more readily identify cases of MCL. The authors summarize these new advances in the understanding of the biology of the mantle cell and newer ancillary techniques in the diagnosis of lymphomas arising from this cell type.Current Opinion in Hematology 02/2002; 9(1):56-62. DOI:10.1097/00062752-200201000-00010 · 4.05 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The pathogenesis of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is incompletely understood, although cyclin D1 overexpression leading to deregulated cell proliferation is probably important. Recent data suggest that interleukin (IL)-10 can increase the proliferative activity of MCL cells. STAT3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) is the signal transducer of IL-10, and STAT3 is activated by phosphorylation. The hypothesis of this study is that STAT3 is activated in MCL. The expression of the two phosphorylated (i.e. active) forms of STAT3, pSTAT3-tyr (phosphorylated at the tyrosine(705) residue) and pSTAT3-ser (phosphorylated at the serine(727) residue), was assessed in four MCL cell lines and 12 MCL tumours using western blots and/or immunofluorescence staining techniques. All MCL cell lines expressed STAT3, but only one had detectable pSTAT3-tyr and none had pSTAT3-ser. Addition of IL-10 rapidly resulted in expression of pSTAT3-tyr but not pSTAT3-ser. All eight cases of frozen MCL tumours examined had detectable pSTAT3-tyr and pSTAT3-ser. Immunofluorescence studies using four formalin-fixed, paraffin wax-embedded MCL tumours demonstrated cytoplasmic localization of STAT3, as opposed to the nuclear localization of the pSTAT3 species. In conclusion, these findings provide evidence that STAT3 is constitutively activated in MCL, supporting the concept that STAT3 signalling may be important in the pathogenesis of these tumours.The Journal of Pathology 01/2003; 199(1):84-9. DOI:10.1002/path.1253 · 7.33 Impact Factor