Fatal late coronary thrombosis after implantation of a radioactive stent: postmortem angiographic and histologic findings--case report.
ABSTRACT Postmortem angiography and histologic analysis of a fatal coronary thrombosis 4 months after implantation of a radioactive stent are described. Histologic findings suggested incomplete re-endothelialization in the segment with the stent. Ionizing radiation may delay re-endothelialization after revascularization, thus maintaining the thrombogenicity of the irradiated vessel segment. Thus, prolonged antiplatelet therapy should be considered after intravascular radiation therapy.
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ABSTRACT: Postmortem investigation is increasingly supported by Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). This led to the idea to implement a noninvasive or minimally invasive autopsy technique. Therefore, a minimally invasive angiography technique becomes necessary, in order to support the vascular cross section diagnostic. Preliminary experiments investigating different contrast agents for CT and MRI and their postmortem applicability have been performed using an ex-vivo porcine coronary model. MSCT and MRI angiography was performed in the porcine model. Three human corpses were investigated using minimally invasive MSCT angiography. Via the right femoral artery a plastic tube was advanced into the aortic arch. Using a flow adjustable pump the radiopaque contrast agent meglumine-ioxithalamate was injected. Subsequent MSCT scanning provided an excellent anatomic visualization of the human arterial system including intracranial and coronary arteries. Vascular pathologies such as calcification, stenosis and injury were detected. Limitations of the introduced approach are cases of major vessel injury and cases that show an advanced stage of decay.Journal of Forensic Sciences 10/2005; 50(5):1175-86. · 1.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The incidence of late major adverse cardiac events (MACE) after coronary brachytherapy is higher than in controls. Because expansive remodeling has been shown to correlate with poor clinical outcome after vascular interventions, we studied adventitial changes after intravascular irradiation in a rabbit model. Twenty normolipidemic rabbits underwent balloon injury in both external iliac arteries. One artery was assigned for subsequent irradiation with a 90Y source (15 Gy or 30 Gy at 0.5 mm in the vessel wall). After four weeks morphometric measurements were made and cell density and collagen amount determined. Staining for Ki67 identified proliferating cells; apoptotic cells were identified by TUNEL staining. Proliferative and apoptotic indices were calculated as the number of respective positive cells/total cell count x100. The neointimal area decreased to 0.27 +/- 0.3 mm2 after irradiation compared with 0.55 +/- 0.2 mm2 in controls (p=0.007), whereas adventitial area increased from 0.62 +/- 0.3 mm2 to 0.87 +/- 0.3 mm2 (p=0.02). Irradiation reduced both the proliferative (0.95 +/- 2.6 vs. 3.73 +/- 4.7, p=0.026) and apoptotic (0.006 +/- 0.02 vs. 0.107 +/- 0.2, p=0.03) indices in the neointima, but not in the other arterial-wall layers. Collagen amount and arterial remodeling did not differ between the groups. There was no difference between 15 and 30 Gy in any of the parameters, although adventitial thickening was more pronounced in the high-dose group. In normolipidemic rabbits, intravascular beta-irradiation after balloon angioplasty is associated with an increase in neoadventitia and a reduction of neointima. It is conceivable that this phenomenon may contribute to the increased incidence of late MACE after vascular brachytherapy.Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 04/2004; 116(5-6):190-5. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study was performed to evaluate the outcome of percutaneous revascularization in "edge restenoses" developing after radioactive stent implantation in de novo and in-stent lesions. Twenty-one consecutive patients undergoing target lesion revascularization (TLR) at any follow-up after phosphorus-32 radioactive stent implantation were included in this study. We assessed the incidence of death, myocardial infarction, repeated TLR and recurrent angina over the following 18 months. After 6 months, TLR rate was 28.6%, and no stent thromboses, deaths or Q-wave myocardial infarctions occurred. Among the patients with TLR there were significantly more subjects who had received a radioactive stent in a previous in-stent restenosis (66.7% vs. 0% in patients without second restenosis; P <0.001), or who had received two radioactive stents (83.3% vs. 33.3%; P = 0.038). After 18 months, TLR rate was 33.3%, and two patients (9.5%) had died. Restenosis after intravascular radiotherapy can be safely treated by percutaneous interventional techniques, yielding an acceptable clinical result within 18 months.CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology 01/2003; 26(2):154-7. · 2.14 Impact Factor