Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization, fast atom bombardment and plasma desorption mass spectrometry of polyethylene glycol esters of (2-benzothiazolon-3-yl)acetic acid.
ABSTRACT Fast atom bombardment (FAB), matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) and plasma desorption (PD) mass spectra of newly synthesized polyethylene glycols (PEGs), (M(w) 600-4000 Da) chemically modified with biologically active (2-benzothiazolon-3-yl)acetyl end-groups are described (products 1-6). The spectra were also used for the determination of the molecular mass characteristics (number average (M(n)) and weight average (M(w)) molecular masses) of the initial and modified PEGs. As expected, M(n) and M(w) of the modified samples are higher than those of the non-modified samples. However, it is shown that molecular mass dispersity (determined by the comparison of the polydispersity indices (PDI = M(w)/M(n)) of both types of PEGs) essentially do not change during this modification. The FAB mass spectra, together with molecular species, show the presence of abundant [M + Na](+) ions of product 1 and [M + Na + H](+) species of 2 and 3, and [M + Na + 2H](+) of product 4. Two main series of fragment ions, derived from the cleavage of the ether bonds, are observed. The number fractions of the molecular adduct ions and fragment adduct ions, determined from the FAB and PD mass spectra of the modified PEGs, are compared. The MALDI-TOF mass spectra of compounds 1-6 show the presence of two series of polymers. The most abundant peaks are due to [M + Na](+) and [M + K](+) ions originating from the polymers, in which the two terminal hydroxyl groups of PEGs are esterified with (2-benzothiazolon-3-yl)acetic acid. The less abundant peaks are due to the monosubstituted polymers.
Article: Mass spectra of copolymers.Mass Spectrometry Reviews 02/1911; 21(2):108-44. · 7.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In recent years, matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectroscopy has become a routine analytical tool for the structural analysis of polymers, complementing NMR and other traditional techniques, a noteworthy change with respect to the past, when mass spectrometry (MS) was seldom used. In this review, we discuss salient aspects of MALDI. First, we devote a section to fundamentals and practice in MALDI of polymers (such as the laser, ion source, ion optics, reflectron, detector, ionization efficiency) as well as to some basic concepts of sample preparation (such as the MALDI matrix and cationization agents). Then, we focus on measurable quantities of polymers: average molar masses, the chemical formula and the structure of the monomer (actually of the repeat unit), the masses of the chain end groups, etc. In-depth coverage is given of coupling MALDI with liquid chromatography (LC), since often LC offers valuable help in exploring macromolecules. The final section is devoted to recent applications, with a detailed discussion of MALDI of addition polymers, condensation polymers, polymers with heteroatoms in the chain, copolymers and partially degraded polymers.Progress in Polymer Science - PROG POLYM SCI. 01/2006; 31(3):277-357.
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ABSTRACT: For at least two decades different mass spectrometric techniques have been applied for polymer analysis, including the qualitative determination of chemical compositions, end group identification, functionality type distribution and the determination of the cyclisation extend at each degree of polymerisation. Molecular weights exceeding 100 KDa are provable by MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry. Further, molecular weight distributions are determined by MADLI-ToF. However, there are some hints that, there is a discrimination against higher molecular weight species in samples with polydispersity of more than 1.2. Furthermore, pathways for dendritic and hyper-branched polymers, supramolecular polymers and nano condensates are analysed by help of mass spectrometry.European Journal of Mass Spectrometry 02/2005; 11(6):591-610. · 1.26 Impact Factor