Tumor autocrine motility factor is an angiogenic factor that stimulates endothelial cell motility
ABSTRACT Autocrine motility factor (AMF) is a type of tumor-secreted cytokine which primarily stimulates tumor cell motility via receptor-mediated signaling pathways, and is thought to be connected to tumor progression and metastasis. Using in vivo models, we showed that critical neovascularization responded to a biological amount of AMF. This angiogenic activity was fixed by specific inhibitors against AMF. AMF stimulated in vitro motility of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), inducing the expression of cell surface AMF receptor localizing a single predominant perinuclear pattern closely correlated with its motile ability. AMF also elicited the formation of tube-like structures mimicking angiogenesis when HUVECs were grown in three-dimensional type I collagen gels. We further immunohistochemically detected AMF receptors on the surrounding sites of newborn microvessels. These findings suggest that AMF is a possible tumor progressive angiogenic factor which may act in a paracrine manner for the endothelial cells in the clinical neoplasm, and it will be a new target for antiangiogenic treatment.
- SourceAvailable from: Avraham Raz[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The autocrine motility factor (AMF) is a multifunctional protein that is involved in tumor progression including enhanced invasiveness via induction of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP3). The increase in MMP3 was found in an AMF-high production tumor cell line, and c-Jun, c-Fos and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) were also highly phosphorylated compared with the parent line. AMF stimulation induced the rapid phosphorylation of the cellular MAPK cascade and MMP3 secretion, which was blocked using a specific MAPK inhibitor. Results of this study suggest that AMF stimulation stimulates MMP3 expression via a MAPK signaling pathway.FEBS Letters 07/2008; 582(13):1877-82. DOI:10.1016/j.febslet.2008.05.005 · 3.34 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Accumulation of ascites fluid often observed in some solid tumors is one of the most devastating conditions of a patient's difficulty in responding to treatment, and to a decrease in the quality of life. Various factors are thought to be associated with the formation of cancer-induced fluid accumulation and hyperpermeability of a blood vessel is thought to go with this process. Here, we report a new factor that is involved in this process, e.g., autocrine motility factor (AMF). AMF is a tumor-related cytokine which stimulates the tumor cell locomotion and migration and promotes tumor cell invasion during metastasis. AMF secretion and its receptor (AMFR) expression in tumor cells are closely correlated with disease aggravation of convalescence. The response of endothelial or mesothelial cellular morphological alternation to AMF leads to motile enhancement and vascular permeability. Tumor AMF induces gaps in an endothelial or mesothelial monolayer by stimulating a cellular movement, and accelerates the ascites accumulation. And treatment experiment with anti-AMF antibody succeeded in the reduction of the ascites accumulation, which renders AMF to the target molecule. It is suggested that AMF is one of the significant factors which relates to various pathological malignancies induced by tumor mass, and understanding of its function could benefit prognosis and treatment.Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 05/2002; 293(1):192-200. DOI:10.1016/S0006-291X(02)00202-4 · 2.28 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: gp78, also known as the tumor autocrine motility factor receptor, is a transmembrane protein whose expression is correlated with tumor metastasis. We establish that gp78 is a RING finger-dependent ubiquitin protein ligase (E3) of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Consistent with this, gp78 specifically recruits MmUBC7, a ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (E2) implicated in ER-associated degradation (ERAD), through a region distinct from the RING finger. gp78 can target itself for proteasomal degradation in a RING finger- and MmUBC7-dependent manner. Importantly, gp78 can also mediate degradation of CD3-delta, a well-characterized ERAD substrate. In contrast, gp78 lacking an intact RING finger or its multiple membrane-spanning domains stabilizes CD3-delta. gp78 has thus been found to be an example of a mammalian cellular E3 intrinsic to the ER, suggesting a potential link between ubiquitylation, ERAD, and metastasis.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 01/2002; 98(25):14422-7. DOI:10.1073/pnas.251401598 · 9.81 Impact Factor