Psychosocial and Risk Behavior Correlates of Youth Suicide Attempts and Suicidal Ideation
ABSTRACT To identify the independent psychosocial and risk behavior correlates of suicidal ideation and attempts.
The relationships between suicidal ideation or attempts and family environment, subject characteristics, and various risk behaviors were examined among 1,285 randomly selected children and adolescents, aged 9 through 17 years, of whom 42 (3.3%) had attempted suicide and 67 (5.2%) had expressed suicidal ideation only. The youths and their parents were enumerated and interviewed between December 1991 and July 1992 as part of the NIMH Methods for the Epidemiology of Child and Adolescent Mental Disorders (MECA) Study.
Compared with subjects with suicidal ideation only, attempters were significantly more likely to have experienced stressful life events, to have become sexually active, to have smoked more than one cigarette daily, and to have a history of ever having smoked marijuana. After adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, a statistically significant association was found between suicidal ideation or attempt and stressful life events, poor family environment, parental psychiatric history, low parental monitoring, low instrumental and social competence, sexual activity, marijuana use, recent drunkenness, current smoking, and physical fighting. Even after further adjusting for the presence of a mood, anxiety, or disruptive disorder, a significant association persisted between suicidal ideation or attempts and poor family environment, low parental monitoring, low youth instrumental competence, sexual activity, recent drunkenness, current smoking, and physical fighting.
Low parental monitoring and risk behaviors (such as smoking, physical fighting, alcohol intoxication, and sexual activity) are independently associated with increased risk of suicidal ideation and attempts, even after adjusting for the presence of psychiatric disorder and sociodemographic variables.
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- "Substance use in adolescence is also related to later adult problems (Chassin et al., 1999; Trim, Meehan, King, & Chassin, 2007), including binge drinking or the use of hard drugs, which can undermine young adult emotional, physical, and economic well-being (Chassin et al., 1999). Other risky behaviors related to adolescent suicidal behaviors include illegal activities, fighting and life-threatening activities, legal problems, and incarceration (King et al., 2001). Such activities can influence adult well-being and lead to subsequent social marginalization that increases vulnerability to suicide in adulthood (Fergusson et al., 2000; Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Arata, Bowers, O'Brien, & Morgan, 2004). "
ABSTRACT: Young adult suicide is an important social problem, yet little is known about how risk for young adult suicide develops from earlier life stages. In this study the authors report on 759 young adults who were potential high school dropouts as youth. At both adolescence and young adulthood, measures of suicide risk status and related suicide risk factors are collected. With a two-by-two classification on the basis of suicide risk status at both adolescence and young adulthood, the authors distinguish four mutually exclusive groups reflecting suicide risk at two life stages. Using ANOVA and logistic regression, both adolescent and young adult suicide risk factors are identified, with evidence of similarity between risk factors at adolescence and at young adulthood, for both individual-level and social-context factors. There is also support for both continuity and discontinuity of adolescent suicide risk. Implications for social policy are discussed.Youth & Society 12/2012; 44(4):524-547. DOI:10.1177/0044118X11407526 · 1.82 Impact Factor
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- "In a community probability sample of 9–17 year olds, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts were associated with risk-taking behaviors such as substance use, early onset of sexual intercourse and physical Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/jad fighting independent of psychiatric diagnosis (King et al., 2001); moreover, covariation was found between each of the types of risk-taking behaviors, including suicidal ideation and suicide attempts (Flisher et al., 2000). Despite these associations, only one study of which we are aware has explored the potential role of sensation seeking as a risk factor for suicide attempts in adolescence . "
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: High sensation seeking in adolescence is associated with engagement in risk-taking behaviors, especially substance use. Although depressed adolescents are prone to increased risk-taking, and suicidal behavior can be considered within the spectrum of risk-taking behaviors, the relationships between sensation seeking, depression, and suicidal behavior have not been explored. METHODS: A self-report questionnaire assessing sensation seeking, depression, substance use problems, and suicidal ideation and suicide attempts was completed by 9th- through 12th-grade students (n=2189) in six New York State high-schools from 2002 through 2004. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine main and interaction effects between sensation seeking and the four clinical variables. RESULTS: High sensation seeking was positively associated with depressive symptoms and substance use problems. The main effects of sensation seeking on suicidal ideation and suicide attempts remained significant after controlling for depression and substance use. The association between sensation seeking and suicide attempts was moderated by substance use problems. LIMITATIONS: The schools were suburban and predominantly white, limiting the generalizability of the results. Other mental disorders with potential implications for sensation seeking and for suicidal behavior, such as bipolar disorders, were not assessed. CONCLUSIONS: The finding that sensation seeking makes an independent contribution to the risk of suicidal ideation and attempts is consistent with findings in literature on novelty seeking and impulsivity. The associations between sensation seeking, depressive symptoms and suicidal behavior may be compatible with the presence of an underlying temperamental dysregulation. Screening for sensation seeking may contribute to the reduction of adolescent suicide risk.Journal of Affective Disorders 08/2012; 143(1-3). DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2012.05.058 · 3.71 Impact Factor
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- "However, low levels of alcohol use among Muslim adolescents in the Netherlands (van Tubergen & Poortman, 2010) and a lack of a relationship between cultural identification and alcohol use among African-American and Haiti-born American adolescents (Strunin & Demissie, 2001) suggest that alcohol use among immigrant adolescents is related to the particular cultural group from which the adolescents come and the social context in which they live. On a more general level suicidal behavior has been seen to be related to a variety of health and social behaviors such as sexual activity, drug, alcohol, and cigarette use, injuries, physical fighting, knife-carrying shoplifting, and gambling (Afifi, Cox, & Katz, 2007; King et al., 2001). "
ABSTRACT: Recent figures point to alarming rates of suicidal tendencies and risk behaviors among Ethiopian adolescents (first and second generation) in Israel. This study tries to understand this phenomenon through an examination of the relationship between ethnic identity (Israeli and Ethiopian) and parental support with suicidal ideation and alcohol use. Two hundred adolescents aged 15–18 years from the Ethiopian community in Israel completed questionnaires examining the degree to which they felt a sense of (positive) Israeli and Ethiopian identity and parental support as well as suicidal ideation, drinking behavior, and depression. Results showed significant correlations between both Israeli and Ethiopian identities and suicidal ideation and alcohol use and a significant relationship between suicidal ideation and parental support. Regression analysis highlighted the pivotal role of a strong and positive heritage (Ethiopian) identity in lower levels of suicidal ideation and alcohol use. Results suggest the important role of ethnic identity for well-being among immigrant and minority youth, in particular in the ability of minority youth to consolidate a coherent ethnic identity incorporating a positive connection to their heritage culture as providing a protective role against suicidal tendencies and risk behaviors.European Psychologist 01/2012; 17(2):131-142. DOI:10.1027/1016-9040/a000115 · 1.31 Impact Factor