Effectiveness of quetiapine in the management of psychotic depression in an adolescent boy with bipolar disorder, mixed, with psychosis.

Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology (Impact Factor: 2.77). 02/2001; 11(2):205-6. DOI: 10.1089/104454601750284144
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of quetiapine in the treatment of first onset psychosis in older adolescents using risperidone as a comparator. Twenty-two patients with first onset psychosis were randomized to receive quetiapine (up to 800 mg/day) or risperidone (up to 6 mg/day) for 6 weeks. Raters blind to treatment assignment performed outcome symptom ratings. No statistical differences emerged in terms of efficacy or tolerability between the two drugs. However, there were some clinically notable differences that seem to favour the efficacy of risperidone over quetiapine. Patients taking quetiapine, although improved, showed less clinical improvement on scores for total positive and negative symptoms, clinical global severity and depression at 6 weeks than patients taking risperidone. Although both treatments were associated with weight gain and sedation, more patients on quetiapine experienced over 10% weight gain. However, fewer patients who were taking quetiapine required anticholinergic medication or experienced extrapyramidal side effects than patients taking risperidone. Risperidone was significantly more likely to be associated with elevation in serum prolactin levels in this population. In conclusion, the results in this small trial show that adolescent patients may benefit more from treatment with risperidone than quetiapine. However, those susceptible to side effects, particularly hyperprolactinaemia, may be more suitable for treatment with quetiapine.
    International clinical psychopharmacology 10/2009; 25(1):1-6. · 3.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study examined the efficacy and tolerability of quetiapine in combination with divalproex (DVP) for acute mania in adolescents with bipolar disorder. It was hypothesized that DVP in combination with quetiapine would be more effective than DVP alone for treating mania associated with adolescent bipolar disorder. Furthermore, it was hypothesized that quetiapine would be well tolerated. Thirty manic or mixed bipolar I adolescents (12-18 years) received an initial DVP dose of 20 mg/kg and were randomly assigned to 6 weeks of combination therapy with quetiapine, which was titrated to 450 mg/day (n = 15) or placebo (n = 15). Primary efficacy measures were change from baseline to endpoint in Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) score and YMRS response rate. Safety and tolerability were assessed weekly. The DVP + quetiapine group demonstrated a statistically significantly greater reduction in YMRS scores from baseline to endpoint than the DVP + placebo group (F(1,27) = 5.04, p =.03). Moreover, YMRS response rate was significantly greater in the DVP + quetiapine group than in the DVP + placebo group (87% versus 53%; Fisher exact test, p =.05). No significant group differences from baseline to endpoint in safety measures were noted. Sedation, rated as mild or moderate, was significantly more common in the DVP + quetiapine group than in the DVP + placebo group. The findings of this study indicate that quetiapine in combination with DVP is more effective for the treatment of adolescent bipolar mania than DVP alone. In addition, the results suggest that quetiapine is well tolerated when used in combination with DVP for the treatment of mania.
    Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 11/2002; 41(10):1216-23. · 6.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. Depression with psychotic features is a severe subtype of major depression associated with the presence of delusions, hallucinations and specific neurobiological features. Despite clinical consensus and guideline recommendations, data comparing the efficacy of combining antipsychotics with antidepressants compared to antidepressants alone remain inconclusive. The aim of the study was to investigate effectiveness and tolerability of the atypical antipsychotic olanzapine in acute depression with psychotic features. Methods. Seventeen inpatients with major depressive disorder with psychosis (MDDp) were treated with a combination of an antidepressant and olanzapine for 6 weeks in a prospective open-label study. Depressive and psychotic symptoms, extrapyramidal and general side effects were assessed every 2 weeks. Sixteen patients were eligible for final analysis. Results. The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) showed a 30% symptom reduction after week 2, a 45% symptom reduction after week 4 and no considerable improvement thereafter. Depressive symptoms (Bech–Rafaelsen Melancholia Scale, BRMS) receded by 37% after week 2 and 50% after week 4. No extrapyramidal side effects occurred. Conclusion. Olanzapine is effective and tolerable in combination with an antidepressant in an MDDp inpatient sample. The results concur with data supporting good efficacy in negative and depressive symptoms of patients with schizophrenic and schizoaffective diseases.
    07/2009; 12(3):202-209.