[Complete genome sequence analysis of the Hantavirus Z10 strain].
ABSTRACT Study on the complete genome sequence of Hantavirus Z10 strain which has been applied for inactivated vaccine production in China, to assess its molecular characteristics and the diversity with other hantaviruses.
The total RNA were prepared from Z10 virus infected cells and the RT-PCR products was cloned into T vector, sequenced and analyzed by using DNASTAR software.
The Z10 complete genome, L segment is 6,553, M segment is 3,615, S segment is 1,701 nucleotides in length, with a single open reading frame encoding 2,151, 1,135, 429 amino acids respectively. Sequence homology comparison showed that the 3 segment nucleotide of Z10 strain were close to HTN type virus, but only 83.6-87.4% homology with other HTN viruses at the nucleotide level. The phylogenetic analysis was made on their nucleotide and amino acid sequences.
The results firstly demonstrates that Z10 strain is a new subtype of the Hantaan(HTN) type.
- SourceAvailable from: Yong-Zhen Zhang[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To gain further insight into the molecular epidemiology of Hantaan virus (HTNV) in Guizhou, China, rodents were captured in this region in 2004 and 2005. In addition, serum samples were collected from four patients. Ten hantaviruses were isolated successfully in cell culture from four humans, two Apodemus agrarius, three Rattus norvegicus and one Rattus nitidus. The nucleotide sequences for their small (S), medium (M) and partial large (L) segments were determined. Phylogenetic analysis of the S and M segment sequences revealed that all of these isolates belong to the species HTNV, suggesting a spillover of HTNV from A. agrarius to Rattus rats. All available isolates from Guizhou were divided into four distinct groups either in the S segment tree or in the M segment tree. The clustering pattern of these isolates in the S segment tree was not in agreement with that in the M or L segment tree, showing that genetic reassortment between HTNV had occurred naturally. Analysis of the S segment sequences from available HTNV strains indicated that they formed three clades. The first clade, which comprised only viruses from Guizhou, was the outgroup of clades II and III. The viruses in the second clade were found in Guizhou and mainly in the far-east Asian region, including China. However, the viruses in the third clade were found in most areas of China, including Guizhou, in which haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is endemic. Our results reveal that the highest genetic diversity of HTNV is in a limited geographical region of Guizhou, and suggest that Guizhou might be a radiation centre of the present form of HTNV.Journal of General Virology 08/2008; 89(Pt 8):1987-97. · 3.13 Impact Factor