Double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of clonidine in hyperactive children with mental retardation.

Department of Psychiatry, King George's Medical College, Lucknow (U.P.), India.
Mental Retardation 09/2001; 39(4):259-67. DOI: 10.1352/0047-6765(2001)039<0259:DBPCTO>2.0.CO;2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A 12-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of oral clonidine in three fixed doses (4, 6, and 8 mcg/kg/day) using a crossover design was conducted with 10 children who had hyperkinetic disorder (mean age 7.6 years +/-.54). All had comorbid mental retardation. Both parents' ratings on the Parent Symptom Questionnaire and clinicians' ratings on the Hillside Behaviour Rating Scale showed a marked dose-related response to clonidine in hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention. Drowsiness was a common side effect of clonidine. It wore off by the 2nd to 4th week in most cases. Thus, clonidine is a safe and effective medication in young hyperkinetic children with comorbid mental retardation.

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