Intense p53 staining is a valuable prognostic indicator for poor prognosis in medulloblastoma/central nervous system primitive neuroectodermal tumors.
ABSTRACT Intense p53 immunostaining may predict for a poor prognosis in central nervous system primitive neuroectodermal tumor of childhood.
Medulloblastoma is a common childhood primary brain tumor. Potential prognostic indicators for patients with local disease are age, extent of resection, and gender. However, none of these are well established. Immunohistologic staining is a potentially useful means to identify high-risk patients. The purpose of this clinical pathologic study was to investigate the prognostic significance of GFAP, synaptophysin, Ki-67, and p53 immunostaining in medulloblastoma/central nervous system primitive neuroectodermal tumors (CNS PNETs.)
The records of 40 patients with CNS PNETs were reviewed. Their surgical specimens were immunostained for p53, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), synaptophysin, and Ki-67. The p53 specimens were scored blindly for the intensity of staining of nuclei (intense vs weak) and the quantity of cells stained. The Ki-67, GFAP, and synaptophysin specimens were analyzed for quantity of cells stained.
Ten patients' specimens stained intensely for the p53 protein. Eleven had weakly staining nuclei. Nineteen specimens had no staining. The patients with specimens that stained intensely had a statistically significant decreased disease free survival (P = 0.03). Mere presence or quantity of p53 nuclear staining did not correlate with disease free survival. Immunohistochemical staining for Ki-67, GFAP, and synaptophysin did not correlate with disease free survival. Clinical parameters of age, gender, and extent of resection also did not approach statistical significance for disease free survival.
Intense nuclear staining for p53 was the only variable in this clinical pathologic study that reached statistical significance for disease free survival. This suggests that intense staining for p53 may be the most important prognostic indicator for non-metastatic CNS PNETs. p53 Immunostaining with antibodies against p53 in CNS PNETs should be studied in a multi-institutional setting with larger numbers of patients.
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ABSTRACT: Extraneural metastases (ENM) rarely occur in medulloblastoma (MBL) patients and only few cases of subcutaneous localizations have been described. ENM indicate an aggressive disease associated with a worse prognosis. The characterization of metastatic tumours might be useful to understand their pathogenesis and to identify the most appropriate therapeutic strategies. We present the case of a child with Large Cell Anaplastic (LC/A) MBL, who developed multiple subcutaneous metastases in the scalp area after a ventriculo-peritoneal shunting procedure. The disease rapidly progressed and the child died despite chemotherapy and primary tumour surgical debulking.We molecularly classified the tumour as a group 3 MBL; in addition, we derived stem-like cells (SLC) from a metastatic lesion. Primary tumour, metastases and SLC were further analysed, particularly focusing on features linked to the cutaneous dissemination. Indeed, molecules involved in angiogenesis, cell invasion and epidermal growth factor signalling resulted highly expressed. The present report describes a very rare case of subcutaneous metastatic MBL. The tumour, metastases and SLC have been clinically, pathologically and molecularly characterized. Our case is an example of multidisciplinary approach aiming to characterize MBL aggressive behaviour.BMC Cancer 04/2014; 14(1):262. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to determine the outcome of central nervous system primitive neuroectodermal tumors (CNS PNETs) and to clarify the histopathological findings as prognostic factors. We performed a retrospective analysis of nine consecutive patients with CNS PNETs who underwent treatment at our institute between 1993 and 2011. All patients were treated by surgical resection followed by chemoradiotherapy. Additional treatment, including surgical resection, was performed at relapse. Expression of immunohistochemical markers was examined for neuronal, astrocytic, mesenchymal, and epithelial differentiation, and also for TP53, O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase, and Ki-67. Five-year progression-free survival was 18.2 % and the overall survival was 52.5 %. Five the 9 patients had recurrence and 4 patients died during the median follow-up period of 41.1 months. All 4 patients died of dissemination not local recurrence. After relapses, the extent of differentiation was different in each case and TP53 changed to positive or negative, but the Ki-67 labeling index did not reveal any differences between primary and recurrent tumors. A treatment procedure to prevent and treat dissemination of CNS PNETs should be established. Because the pathological change after relapse was different in each case, definitive histopathological prognostic factors for CNS PNETs are still difficult to propose.Brain Tumor Pathology 03/2012; · 1.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Medulloblastomas are the most common malignant brain tumors in childhood. Emerging evidence suggests that medulloblastoma comprises at least four distinct diseases (WNT, SHH, Group 3 and 4) with different biology, clinical presentation, and outcome, with especially poor prognosis in Group 3. The tight connection of biology and clinical behavior in patients emphasizes the need for subgroup-specific preclinical models in order to develop treatments tailored to each subgroup. Herein we report on the novel cell line HD-MB03, isolated from tumor material of a patient with metastasized Group 3 medulloblastoma, and preclinical testing of different histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) in this model. HD-MB03 cells grow long term in vitro and form metastatic tumors in vivo upon orthotopic transplantation. HD-MB03 cells reflect the original Group 3 medulloblastoma at the histological and molecular level, showing large cell morphology, similar expression patterns for markers Ki67, p53, and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), a gene expression profile most closely matching Group 3 medulloblastomas, and persistence of typical molecular alterations, i.e., isochromosome 17q [i(17q)] and MYC amplification. Protein expression analysis of HDACs 2, 5, 8, and 9 as well as the predictive marker HR23B showed intermediate to strong expression, suggesting sensitivity to HDACis. Indeed, treatment with HDACis Helminthosporium carbonum (HC)-toxin, vorinostat, and panobinostat revealed high sensitivity to this novel drug class, as well as a radiation-sensitizing effect with significantly increased cell death upon concomitant treatment. In summary, our data indicate that HD-MB03 is a suitable preclinical model for Group 3 medulloblastoma, and HDACis could represent a therapeutic option for this subgroup.Journal of Neuro-Oncology 10/2012; · 3.12 Impact Factor