Analysis by HPLC of ryanodine and dehydroryanodine residues on fruits and in ryania powdery wood
ABSTRACT A simple and rapid HPLC method to evaluate residues of the major ryanoids (ryanodine and dehydroryanodine) on three fruits (olives, apples, and pears) has been developed. The pesticides were extracted from the fruits with hexane and acetone solution (1:1, v/v). Cleanup was carried out with aminopropyl-bonded silica cartridges. This method is characterized by recovery >75%, precision <11% RSD, and sensitivity of 0.020 mg/kg. The method can also be used to determine the level of active ingredients in ryania powdery wood.
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ABSTRACT: A simple multiresidue method for screening analysis of 12 botanical insecticides used by organic farmers has been developed. The method involves a rapid and small-scale extraction procedure with acetonitrile. For all fruit and vegetable samples, there was no need for clean up. Rotenone, azadirachtin, ryanodines, and pyrethrins can be separated by high-performance liquid chromatography, quantified, and confirmed with a diode array detector (DAD) and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry (APCI-MS) in the select ion-monitoring mode (SIM). The majority of pesticide recoveries for various fruits and vegetables were >70% in the concentration range from 0.01 to 5 mg/kg. The limit of quantitation for most of the pesticides was 0.01 mg/kg, with the majority of relative standard deviations (RSD) mostly below 10%.Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 12/2005; 53(22):8644-9. DOI:10.1021/jf051345+ · 3.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ryanodane diterpenes, named 14-O-methyl-ryanodanol and ryanodanol, were isolated from ripe fruit of Erythroxylum passerinum. Compound 2 was also found in the leaves of this species, while 1 was obtained from the leaves of E. nummularia. Compound 1 showed insecticidal activity against Aedes aegypti larvae.Phytochemistry 08/2007; 68(13):1735-9. DOI:10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.05.007 · 3.35 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Neem-based insecticides containing azadirachtin and related azadirachtoids are widely used in agriculture. Here, we report an analytical method for the rapid and accurate quantification of the insecticide azadirachtin A and B and other azadirachtoids such as salannin, nimbin, and their deacetylated analogues on tomatoes and peaches. Azadirachtoids were extracted from fruits and vegetables with acetonitrile. Using high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometer, azadirachtoids were selectively detected monitoring the multiple reaction transitions of sodium adduct precursor ions. For azadirachtin A, calibration was linear over a working range of 1-1000 microg/L with r > 0.996. The limit of detection and limit of quantification for azadirachtin A were 0.4 and 0.8 microg/kg, respectively. The presence of interfering compounds in the peach and tomato extracts was evaluated and found to be minimal. Because of the linear behavior, it was concluded that the multiple reaction transitions of sodium adduct ions can be used for analytical purposes, that is, for the identification and quantification of azadirachtin A and B and related azadirachtoids in fruit and vegetable extracts at trace levels.Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 06/2008; 56(9):2939-43. DOI:10.1021/jf7037407 · 3.11 Impact Factor