The impact of donor age on liver transplantation: influence of donor age on early liver function and on subsequent patient and graft survival.
ABSTRACT The urgent need to increase the organ donor pool has led to the expansion of criteria for donor selection. The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of donor age on early graft function, subsequent graft loss, and mortality after liver transplantation (LT).
Data on LT were evaluated retrospectively in a population-based cohort of 400 LTs in 348 patients. Of these, 21 (5%) were from donors >70 years old. Pretransplantation donor and recipient characteristics and the evolution of recipients were analyzed. The influence of donor age as a risk factor was assessed using univariate and multivariate analyses.
Actuarial graft survival was 89% at 1 month after LT, 81% after 6 months, and 59% after 60 months. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that only donor age (>70 years old) was associated with a higher risk of long-term graft loss (relative risk [RR]=1.4, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1-1.9; P=0.03) and mortality (RR=1.7, 95% CI=1.2-2.3; P=0.01). Graft survival of septuagenarian livers was 80% at 1 month after LT, 56% after 6 months, and 25% after 54 months. Actuarial survival analysis (Kaplan-Meier curves) also demonstrated worse evolution in recipients of livers from old donors (log-rank test, P<0.001).
Advanced donor age is associated with lower graft and recipient survival.
- Transplantation Proceedings 11/1991; 23(5):2483-4. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The increasing number of recipients on the waiting list for orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) and the scarcity of donors contribute to recipient pretransplantation mortality. One important measure to increase the donor liver pool would be to accept the previously discarded donors who are more than 80 years old. From November 1996 to May 1998, four liver grafts from octogenarian donors (89, 87, 82, and 85 years old, respectively) were used for OLT. Pretransplantation donor and recipient characteristics and the evolution of recipients after OLT were analyzed. The donors did not present cardiac arrest or hypotension, and only low doses of vasopressors were required in three of them. Intensive care unit stay of the donors was from 12 to 24 hr. Cold ischemia time was from 4 hr to 8 hr 40 min. Mild microsteatosis was present in three donors and associated macrosteatosis of < 10% in one of these. Macroscopic appearance and consistency were normal in all four grafts. Posttransplantation evolution and follow-up were uneventful. Three recipients were alive and well at 24, 16, and 7 months; the second of these died at 16 months of recurrent viral C cirrhosis after a first OLT. The liver donor pool can be increased if liver grafts are accepted without an age limit but in good condition (hemodynamic stability, short intensive care unit stay, good liver function, soft consistency, cold ischemia time <9 hr, and no severe steatosis). Octogenarian donors should be individually assessed in the absence of these ideal conditions.Transplantation 08/1999; 68(4):572-5. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyze the donor risk factors associated with second orthotopic liver transplantation (reOLT) and graft loss after OLT within 1 month. A total of 649 OLTs performed in 11 centers in Spain during the period from 1992 to 1993 were analyzed retrospectively. Eleven donor and recipient variables were studied. Biochemical evolution of the OLT, biliary and arterial complications, patient status (alive, retransplanted, or dead), and follow-up were also recorded. Bivariate study demonstrated that extended preservation ( > 12 hr) was associated with increased biliary complications (P = 0.02), and lower prothrombin time (P = 0.04). In a logistic model regression for biliary complications, ischemia > 12 hr was an independent risk factor (odds ratio = 2.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.1-4.3). The multivariate Cox proportional model of potential risk factors showed that only urgent reOLT (relative risk [RR] = 2.7, 95% CI = 1.4-5.4) was independently associated with higher 30-day mortality. Donor plasma sodium > 155 mmol/L (RR = 1.4, 95% CI = 1.0-2.2) and incompatible ABO graft (RR = 3.2, 95% CI = 1.3-7.9) were independently associated with increased rate of reOLT before 30 days. Donor plasma sodium > 155 mmol/L (RR = 2, 95% CI = 1.1-3.6) and incompatible graft (RR = 3.3, 95% CI = 1.4-8.2) were independently associated with graft loss (death or reOLT) before 1 month. We conclude that cold ischemia should be kept less than 12 hr in order to avoid biliary complications. Donors over 60 years old or with plasma sodium > 155 should be carefully evaluated before OLT.Transplantation 02/1996; 61(3):410-3. · 3.78 Impact Factor