Article

Genetic mapping of the dominant albino locus in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).

Department of Aquatic Biosciences, Tokyo University of Fisheries, Japan.
Molecular and General Genetics (Impact Factor: 2.88). 07/2001; 265(4):687-93. DOI: 10.1007/s004380100464
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Albinism in animals is generally a recessive trait, but in Japan a dominant oculocutaneous albino (OCA) mutant strain has been isolated in rainbow trout (Oncorhyncus mykiss). After confirming that this trait is not due to a tyrosinase gene mutation that causes OCA1 (tyrosinase-negative OCA), we combined the amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) technique with bulked segregant analysis (BSA) to map the gene involved in dominant oculocutaneous albinism. Four AFLP markers tightly linked to the dominant albino locus were identified. One of these markers was codominant and we have it converted into a GGAGT-repeat microsatellite marker, OmyD-AlbnTUF. Using this pentanucleotide-repeat DNA marker, the dominant albino locus has been mapped on linkage group G of a reference linkage map of rainbow trout. The markers identified here will facilitate cloning of the dominant albino gene in rainbow trout and contribute to a better understanding of tyrosinase-negative OCA in animals.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
82 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A genetic linkage map is a powerful research tool for mapping traits of interest and is essential to understanding genome evolution. The aim of this study is to provide an expanded genetic linkage map of common carp to effectively carry out quantitative trait loci analysis and conduct comparative mapping analysis between lineages. Here, we constructed a genetic linkage map of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) using microsatellite and single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers in a 159 sibling family. A total of 246 microsatellites and 306 SNP polymorphic markers were genotyped in this family. Linkage analysis using JoinMap 4.0 organized 427 markers (186 microsatellites and 241 SNPs) to 50 linkage groups, ranging in size from 1.4 to 130.1 cM. Each group contained 2-30 markers. The linkage map covered a genetic distance of 2,039.2 cM and the average interval for markers within the linkage groups was approximately 6.4 cM. In addition, comparative genome analysis within five model teleost fish revealed a high percentage (74.7%) of conserved loci corresponding to zebrafish chromosomes. In most cases, each zebrafish chromosome comprised two common carp linkage groups. The comparative analysis also revealed independent chromosome rearrangements in common carp and zebrafish. The linkage map will be of great assistance in mapping genes of interest and serve as a reference to approach comparative mapping and enable further insights into the comprehensive investigations of genome evolution of common carp.
    MGG Molecular & General Genetics 08/2011; 286(3-4):261-77. · 2.58 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The process of sex differentiation in fishes is regulated by genetic and environmental factors. The sex of Patagonian pejerrey (Odontesthes hatcheri) appears to be under strong genotypic control (GSD) because the sex ratios are balanced (1:1) between 17 degrees C and 23 degrees C. However, sex ratios become female-biased at <15 degrees C and male-biased at 25 degrees C, which shows that this species also possesses some degree of temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD). Identification of the genetic sex of an individual will help elucidate the molecular basis of sex differentiation in this species. In this study, we used amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis to develop a genetic linkage map for both sexes and a sex-linked DNA marker for Patagonian pejerrey. The AFLP analysis of 23 male and 23 female progeny via 64 primer combinations produced a total of 153 bands. The genetic linkage map consisted of 79 markers in 20 linkage groups and 48 markers in 15 linkage groups for males and females, respectively. One AFLP marker tightly linked to the sex-determining locus was identified: the marker, ACG/CAA-217, amplified to the male-specific DNA fragment. Sequence analysis of this region revealed a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) between males and females, which was converted into a SNP marker. This marker provides genetic confirmation that the sex of Patagonian pejerrey is determined genetically and would be useful for the analysis of the molecular basis of GSD and TSD in this species.
    Marine Biotechnology 06/2009; 12(1):8-13. · 3.15 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The use of molecular genetic technologies for broodstock management and selective breeding of aquaculture species is becoming increasingly more common with the continued development of genome tools and reagents. Several laboratories have produced genetic maps for rainbow trout to aid in the identification of loci affecting phenotypes of interest. These maps have resulted in the identification of many quantitative/qualitative trait loci affecting phenotypic variation in traits associated with albinism, disease resistance, temperature tolerance, sex determination, embryonic development rate, spawning date, condition factor and growth. Unfortunately, the elucidation of the precise allelic variation and/or genes underlying phenotypic diversity has yet to be achieved in this species having low marker densities and lacking a whole genome reference sequence. Experimental designs which integrate segregation analyses with linkage disequilibrium (LD) approaches facilitate the discovery of genes affecting important traits. To date the extent of LD has been characterized for humans and several agriculturally important livestock species but not for rainbow trout. We observed that the level of LD between syntenic loci decayed rapidly at distances greater than 2 cM which is similar to observations of LD in other agriculturally important species including cattle, sheep, pigs and chickens. However, in some cases significant LD was also observed up to 50 cM. Our estimate of effective population size based on genome wide estimates of LD for the NCCCWA broodstock population was 145, indicating that this population will respond well to high selection intensity. However, the range of effective population size based on individual chromosomes was 75.51 - 203.35, possibly indicating that suites of genes on each chromosome are disproportionately under selection pressures. Our results indicate that large numbers of markers, more than are currently available for this species, will be required to enable the use of genome-wide integrated mapping approaches aimed at identifying genes of interest in rainbow trout.
    BMC Genetics 12/2009; 10:83. · 2.81 Impact Factor