Normal test scores in the Farnsworth-Munsell 100 hue test.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Kuopio, Finland.
Documenta Ophthalmologica (Impact Factor: 1.54). 02/2001; 102(1):73-80. DOI: 10.1023/A:1017553532092
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT One hundred and sixty persons aged from 10 to 69 years (106 women, 54 men) with healthy eyes were studied with the Farnsworth-Munsell 100 hue (FM100) test. The mean of the results in the total scores and in the individual box scores in the right and left eye were calculated. The total score was also separately calculated in women and men. The test was administered under the illumination of Macbeth Easel lamp, 1000 lux, and the right eye was tested first. The results were calculated in six different age groups, 10-19 years, 20-29 years, etc. The mean of the total scores in the right eye varied from 7.44+/-2.46 (SD) to 10.07+/-2.03 in different age groups and in the left eye from 7.56+/-2.36 to 10.16+/-2.68. The scores changed significantly with the age: the correlation between the age and the test scores by linear regression gave significant results, in the right eye (R = 0.308, P = 0.0001), and in the left eye (R = 0.246, P = 0.0021). The present study with the normal error scores in the FM100 test and its individual boxes in persons aged 10-69 years gives clinicians working with colour vision defects a possibility to estimate the normality or abnormality of the results in their patients.

1 Bookmark
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The eye and visual system are valuable in many areas of translational research such as stem cell therapy, transplantation research and gene therapy. Changes in many ocular tissues can be measured directly, easily and objectively in vivo (e.g. lens transparency; retinal blood vessel calibre; corneal endothelial cell counts) and so the eye may also be a uniquely useful site as a model of ageing. This review details cellular, molecular and epigenetic mechanisms related to ageing within the eye, and describes ocular parameters that can be directly measured clinically and which might be of value in ageing research as the translational "window to the rest of the body". The eye is likely to provide a valuable model for validating biomarkers of ageing at molecular, epigenetic, cellular and clinical levels. A research agenda to definitively establish the relationship between biomarkers of ageing and ocular parameters is proposed.
    Ageing research reviews 12/2012; · 5.62 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the performance of dominant eye (DE) for color vision discrimination ability among the medical students with normal color vision. Total of 50 students studying at Başkent University Faculty of Medicine, including 31 males (62%) and 19 females (38%), with visual acuity of 20/20 and without congenital color vision deficiency (CCVD) evaluated by Ishihara pseudoisochromatic plate test (IPPT) were recruited for this prospective comparative study upon their voluntary participation. DE was determined by the Gündoğan Method. The color discrimination ability was examined with the Farnsworth-Munsell 100 hue (FM100) test. Test was applied by two days interval to all subjects for the three times while two eyes (TE), right eye (RE) and left eye (LE) were seeing for detecting red-green (r/g), blue-yellow (b/y) local color spectral regions error scores. The error scores were evaluated for both in DE and non-dominant (NDE). P values below 0.05 were considered to be statistically significant. The students aged 21.18±2.52 years (mean±SD). Without sex difference the RE and the LE dominancy were found 22 (44%) and 28 (56%) respectively and FM 100 test total error scores of DE in both r/g-b/y regions were found without gender difference 24.12±14.70, 34.68±18.95, respectively. For the NDE in both, r/g-b/y regions error scores without gender difference were 32.20±19.21, 36.24±17.56, respectively. The difference of total error scores between the DE and NDE was found as 58.80±29.92, 68.44±31.46. The statistical differences among the DE and the NDE in r/g local region and total error scores were found significant in both genders (P<0.05, P<0.001). The color vision discrimination performance ability was found prominent for DE. This superiority was attributed to higher sensitivity of the r/g local color spectral region. We conclude that DE has priority in r/g color spectral region, probably including inhibition of NDE.
    International Journal of Ophthalmology 01/2013; 6(5):733-8. · 0.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to analyze macular tomography in patients of different ages with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and correlate their visual function with macular thickness, which was measured by optical coherence tomography. In all, 75 RP patients and 75 controls were stratified into three age groups and macular thickness was measured by optical coherence tomography. The tomography was subdivided into three circular zones, four quadrants, and nine areas for analysis. Ophthalmic examinations, which involved ophthalmoscopic examinations, dark adaptation tests, visual acuities, visual field examinations, electrooculography, and color sense discrimination tests, were performed. Macular thickness of the RP patients decreased in the middle age group (45- to 55-year old), whereas the oldest group showed an increased thickness. The thickness of the outer inferior area remained virtually unchanged, whereas the thickness of the inner temporal area showed the most fluctuation with age. In terms of circular sections, the most dramatic changes in macular thickness were observed in the fovea, and the aging effect decreased outward to the outer ring. Furthermore, the thickness of the fovea was more important than the thickness of the inner ring and the outer ring for electrooculography, visual acuity, and color sense discrimination in RP patients. In middle age RP patients, the macular thickness decreased, whereas an increased thickness was observed in patients older than 55 years. In addition, the inner temporal area was the most fragile, and the outer inferior area was the least affected in patients with RP.
    Optometry and vision science: official publication of the American Academy of Optometry 03/2012; 89(4):471-82. · 1.53 Impact Factor