Normal test scores in the Farnsworth-Munsell 100 hue test.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Kuopio, Finland.
Documenta Ophthalmologica (Impact Factor: 1.11). 02/2001; 102(1):73-80. DOI: 10.1023/A:1017553532092
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT One hundred and sixty persons aged from 10 to 69 years (106 women, 54 men) with healthy eyes were studied with the Farnsworth-Munsell 100 hue (FM100) test. The mean of the results in the total scores and in the individual box scores in the right and left eye were calculated. The total score was also separately calculated in women and men. The test was administered under the illumination of Macbeth Easel lamp, 1000 lux, and the right eye was tested first. The results were calculated in six different age groups, 10-19 years, 20-29 years, etc. The mean of the total scores in the right eye varied from 7.44+/-2.46 (SD) to 10.07+/-2.03 in different age groups and in the left eye from 7.56+/-2.36 to 10.16+/-2.68. The scores changed significantly with the age: the correlation between the age and the test scores by linear regression gave significant results, in the right eye (R = 0.308, P = 0.0001), and in the left eye (R = 0.246, P = 0.0021). The present study with the normal error scores in the FM100 test and its individual boxes in persons aged 10-69 years gives clinicians working with colour vision defects a possibility to estimate the normality or abnormality of the results in their patients.

1 Bookmark
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the performance of dominant eye (DE) for color vision discrimination ability among the medical students with normal color vision. Total of 50 students studying at Başkent University Faculty of Medicine, including 31 males (62%) and 19 females (38%), with visual acuity of 20/20 and without congenital color vision deficiency (CCVD) evaluated by Ishihara pseudoisochromatic plate test (IPPT) were recruited for this prospective comparative study upon their voluntary participation. DE was determined by the Gündoğan Method. The color discrimination ability was examined with the Farnsworth-Munsell 100 hue (FM100) test. Test was applied by two days interval to all subjects for the three times while two eyes (TE), right eye (RE) and left eye (LE) were seeing for detecting red-green (r/g), blue-yellow (b/y) local color spectral regions error scores. The error scores were evaluated for both in DE and non-dominant (NDE). P values below 0.05 were considered to be statistically significant. The students aged 21.18±2.52 years (mean±SD). Without sex difference the RE and the LE dominancy were found 22 (44%) and 28 (56%) respectively and FM 100 test total error scores of DE in both r/g-b/y regions were found without gender difference 24.12±14.70, 34.68±18.95, respectively. For the NDE in both, r/g-b/y regions error scores without gender difference were 32.20±19.21, 36.24±17.56, respectively. The difference of total error scores between the DE and NDE was found as 58.80±29.92, 68.44±31.46. The statistical differences among the DE and the NDE in r/g local region and total error scores were found significant in both genders (P<0.05, P<0.001). The color vision discrimination performance ability was found prominent for DE. This superiority was attributed to higher sensitivity of the r/g local color spectral region. We conclude that DE has priority in r/g color spectral region, probably including inhibition of NDE.
    International Journal of Ophthalmology 01/2013; 6(5):733-8. · 0.50 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine the association between age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and color perception established by the Farnsworth–Munsell 100 hue (F–M 100) and maximum color contrast sensitivity (MCCS) tests.
    Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania) 11/2014; · 0.51 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of induced intraocular straylight on the Farnsworth-Munsell 100-hue test performance in individuals with light and dark irides, 28 young subjects were tested both with and without a quantified light-scattering filter. The filter produced a significant increase in the total error scores (p<0.05), but no significant correlation was found between the level of straylight and error score (p>0.05). The development of a tritan-like defect in the dark-eyed participants can be attributed to the effect of light attenuation caused by filter absorption, which markedly affects S-cone mediated color discrimination. The combined effect of higher short-wavelength absorption of melanin and macular pigment in the dark eyes may be involved.
    Journal of the Optical Society of America A 04/2014; 31(4):A268-73. · 1.67 Impact Factor