Frequent demonstration of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) in bone marrow biopsy samples from Turkish patients with multiple myeloma (MM).
ABSTRACT In order to investigate the frequency of HHV-8 in MM patients from another geographic location, we obtained fresh bone marrow (BM) biopsies from Turkish patients with MM (n = 21), monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) (n = 2), plasmacytoma (n = 1) with BM plasma cell infiltration, various hematological disorders (n = 6), and five healthy Turkish controls. The frequency of HHV-8 was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in two independent laboratories in the USA and in Turkey. Using fresh BM biopsies, 17/21 MM patients were positive for HHV-8 whereas all five healthy controls, and six patients with other hematological disorders were negative. Two patients with MGUS, and one patient with a solitary plasmacytoma were also negative. The data from the two laboratories were completely concordant. Also using primer pairs for v IRF and v IL-8R confirmed the results observed with the KS330233 primers. Furthermore, sequence analysis demonstrated a C3 strain pattern in the ORF26 region which was also found in MM patients from the US. Thus, HHV-8 is present in the majority of Turkish MM patients, and the absence of the virus in healthy controls further supports its role in the pathogenesis of MM.
Article: Molecular genetics of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (human herpesvirus-8) epidemiology and pathogenesis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Kaposi's sarcoma had been recognized as unique human cancer for a century before it manifested as an AIDS-defining illness with a suspected infectious etiology. The discovery of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), also known as human herpesvirus-8, in 1994 by using representational difference analysis, a subtractive method previously employed for cloning differences in human genomic DNA, was a fitting harbinger for the powerful bioinformatic approaches since employed to understand its pathogenesis in KS. Indeed, the discovery of KSHV was rapidly followed by publication of its complete sequence, which revealed that the virus had coopted a wide armamentarium of human genes; in the short time since then, the functions of many of these viral gene variants in cell growth control, signaling apoptosis, angiogenesis, and immunomodulation have been characterized. This critical literature review explores the pathogenic potential of these genes within the framework of current knowledge of the basic herpesvirology of KSHV, including the relationships between viral genotypic variation and the four clinicoepidemiologic forms of Kaposi's sarcoma, current viral detection methods and their utility, primary infection by KSHV, tissue culture and animal models of latent- and lytic-cycle gene expression and pathogenesis, and viral reactivation from latency. Recent advances in models of de novo endothelial infection, microarray analyses of the host response to infection, receptor identification, and cloning of full-length, infectious KSHV genomic DNA promise to reveal key molecular mechanisms of the candidate pathogeneic genes when expressed in the context of viral infection.Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews 07/2003; 67(2):175-212, table of contents. · 13.02 Impact Factor
Article: Is there any relationship between Chlamydophila pneumoniae and coronary atherosclerosis among Iranians?01/2013;
Article: Frequent detection of Human Herpes Virus-8 in bone marrow of Jordanian patients of multiple myeloma.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The association between Human Herpes Virus-8 (HHV-8), also called Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV), and the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma remains controversial. Many past studies conducting on different populations have come to contradicting conclusions. In this study, we attempted to investigate the presence of HHV-8 in Jordanian multiple myeloma patients. We carried out nucleic acid amplification reactions targeting specific viral DNA sequences on 35 fresh bone marrow aspirate samples from 17 patients with multiple myeloma, 9 patients with various hematological malignancies and 9 normal subjects. HHV-8 specific sequences were detected in 7 out of 17 multiple myeloma patients (41%) using primers specific for the open reading frame region 26 (ORF26). All patients with other hematological malignancies as well as the normal subjects did not harbour the virus. These findings support the previous reports of frequent detection of HHV-8 in bone marrow of multiple myeloma patients.Cancer epidemiology. 12/2010; 35(5):471-4.