A case of an ameloblastic fibro-odontoma arising from a calcifying odontogenic cyst.
ABSTRACT This case report describes an ameloblastic fibro-odontoma arising from a calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) in the mandible of a twenty-three-year old male. The patient was referred to the Department of Oral Surgery, Tokyo Dental College, on March 30th, 2000, complaining of a painful swelling, which had appeared three weeks earlier on his left mandibular molar region. In a pathological view, the lesion was a round cyst the size of a chicken-egg, dark red in color, and surrounded by a thick membrane. The cyst had an epithelium of varying thickness which included many ghost cells and an enamel-like structure on the inside, and a thick wall of connective tissue with an ameloblastic fibro-odontoma on the outside. Enamel organ-like epithelial islands were structured radially in the form of strands with immature dentin. Cytokeratin 19 was strongly immunoreactive in the epithelium of the lesion; osteopontin and osteocalcin reacted in the mesenchymal cells and weakly in the epithelial element of this tumor.
SourceAvailable from: Fábio César Prosdócimi[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Odontogenic tumors comprise a group of benign neoplasms originating from dental tissues. Research looking for identify molecules involved in the molecular mechanisms that regulate extracellular matrix remodeling (ECM) and how this impacts on locally invasive behavior present in some of these tumors. Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT - conversion of epithelial phenotype into mesenchymal phenotype) is well characterized in several carcinomas, leaving to metastasis. MMPs are enzymes that degrade ECM components, generate bioactive molecules, participating in the EMT and control ECM remodeling is given by the balance between them, their inhibitors (TIMPs and RECK) and its activator (EMMPRIN). The aim of this study was evaluate expression profile of MMPs (-2, -7, -9 and - 14), their inhibitors (TIMPs -2, -3, -4 and RECK), its activator (EMMPRIN) and EMT markers (Snail, Slug, N-cadherin, Fibronectin, -smooth muscle actin and Vimentin) in ameloblastomas (AB) and Calcifying Cystic Odontogenic Tumor (CCOT). We also compared the expression of each molecule assessed in each cellular compartment (epithelium and stroma) and correlation between molecules evaluated in the same tumor. We used 19 AB cases and 18 CCOT cases from files of Pathology Laboratory (FOUSP), localization of enzymes/proteins and analyzed by immunohistochemistry in epithelial and stromal compartments. All proteins/enzymes were detected in both AB and CCOT, mostly expressed in both compartments. N-cadherin was localized only in the epithelium of AB and Vimentin only in stromal in both tumors. Comparing "epithelium vs stroma" of AB, we observed a statistically significant difference (p <0.05) for MMP-2, MMP-7, EMMPRIN/CD147, Fibronectin, -smooth muscle actin, N-cadherin, Vimentin, Snail and Slug. Comparing "epithelium vs stroma" of CCOT, we observed a statistically significant difference (p <0.05) for MMP-9, RECK, EMMPRIN/CD147, Vimentin, N-cadherin, Snail and Slug. Analizing epithelium vs stroma" between AB and CCOT, we observed a statistically significant difference (p <0.05) for MMP-2, MMP-7, MMP-9, RECK, EMMPRIN/CD147, Fibronectin, Vimentin , -smooth muscle actin, N-cadherin, Snail and Slug. This is the first time that EMMPRIN, RECK, TIMP-3, TIMP-4, N-cadherin, Snail and Slug are described in CCOT and TIMP-3, TIMP-4, Snail and Slug in AB. We conclude that these proteins/enzymes are differentially expressed in both epithelium and stroma of these tumors and suggest that they may participate locally invasive behavior.02/2013, Degree: Ph.D., Supervisor: Katiucia Batista da Silva Paiva
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ABSTRACT: El Fibro-odontoma ameloblástico (FOA) es una neoplasia benigna poco común, compuesta por epitelio y ectomesénquima odontogénicos, con formación de tejidos duros. Presenta leve predilección por el sexo masculino y sector posterior mandibular. Puede alcanzar grandes tamaños, generando un aumento de volumen asintomático, en ocasiones desplazando piezas dentarias. Debido a su carácter benigno el tratamiento aceptado es la enucleación y curetaje, con la opción de preservar los dientes no involucrados en la lesión. El pronóstico es excelente, con tasas de recurrencia bajas asociadas a enucleación incompleta. A pesar de su carácter benigno, se han reportado casos de transformación maligna. Se presenta un caso de FOA con compromiso de cuerpo y rama mandibular de lado izquierdo y se analiza la información más actualizada disponible en la literatura.
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ABSTRACT: Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor, which was formerly named calcifying odontogenic cyst, is a benign odontogenic tumor containing clusters of ghost cells within ameloblastic epithelium. Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumors have been associated with other odontogenic tumors, a finding that is a rare event in other types of odontogenic cysts or tumors. This report describes a case of hybrid odontogenic tumor composed of calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor and ameloblastic fibroma-odontoma of the anterior mandible that occurred in a 4-year-old Korean girl.The Journal of craniofacial surgery 04/2014; 25(3). DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000000563 · 0.68 Impact Factor