A case of an ameloblastic fibro-odontoma arising from a calcifying odontogenic cyst.
ABSTRACT This case report describes an ameloblastic fibro-odontoma arising from a calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) in the mandible of a twenty-three-year old male. The patient was referred to the Department of Oral Surgery, Tokyo Dental College, on March 30th, 2000, complaining of a painful swelling, which had appeared three weeks earlier on his left mandibular molar region. In a pathological view, the lesion was a round cyst the size of a chicken-egg, dark red in color, and surrounded by a thick membrane. The cyst had an epithelium of varying thickness which included many ghost cells and an enamel-like structure on the inside, and a thick wall of connective tissue with an ameloblastic fibro-odontoma on the outside. Enamel organ-like epithelial islands were structured radially in the form of strands with immature dentin. Cytokeratin 19 was strongly immunoreactive in the epithelium of the lesion; osteopontin and osteocalcin reacted in the mesenchymal cells and weakly in the epithelial element of this tumor.
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ABSTRACT: Odontogenic tumors comprise a group of benign neoplasms originating from dental tissues. Research looking for identify molecules involved in the molecular mechanisms that regulate extracellular matrix remodeling (ECM) and how this impacts on locally invasive behavior present in some of these tumors. Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT - conversion of epithelial phenotype into mesenchymal phenotype) is well characterized in several carcinomas, leaving to metastasis. MMPs are enzymes that degrade ECM components, generate bioactive molecules, participating in the EMT and control ECM remodeling is given by the balance between them, their inhibitors (TIMPs and RECK) and its activator (EMMPRIN). The aim of this study was evaluate expression profile of MMPs (-2, -7, -9 and - 14), their inhibitors (TIMPs -2, -3, -4 and RECK), its activator (EMMPRIN) and EMT markers (Snail, Slug, N-cadherin, Fibronectin, -smooth muscle actin and Vimentin) in ameloblastomas (AB) and Calcifying Cystic Odontogenic Tumor (CCOT). We also compared the expression of each molecule assessed in each cellular compartment (epithelium and stroma) and correlation between molecules evaluated in the same tumor. We used 19 AB cases and 18 CCOT cases from files of Pathology Laboratory (FOUSP), localization of enzymes/proteins and analyzed by immunohistochemistry in epithelial and stromal compartments. All proteins/enzymes were detected in both AB and CCOT, mostly expressed in both compartments. N-cadherin was localized only in the epithelium of AB and Vimentin only in stromal in both tumors. Comparing "epithelium vs stroma" of AB, we observed a statistically significant difference (p <0.05) for MMP-2, MMP-7, EMMPRIN/CD147, Fibronectin, -smooth muscle actin, N-cadherin, Vimentin, Snail and Slug. Comparing "epithelium vs stroma" of CCOT, we observed a statistically significant difference (p <0.05) for MMP-9, RECK, EMMPRIN/CD147, Vimentin, N-cadherin, Snail and Slug. Analizing epithelium vs stroma" between AB and CCOT, we observed a statistically significant difference (p <0.05) for MMP-2, MMP-7, MMP-9, RECK, EMMPRIN/CD147, Fibronectin, Vimentin , -smooth muscle actin, N-cadherin, Snail and Slug. This is the first time that EMMPRIN, RECK, TIMP-3, TIMP-4, N-cadherin, Snail and Slug are described in CCOT and TIMP-3, TIMP-4, Snail and Slug in AB. We conclude that these proteins/enzymes are differentially expressed in both epithelium and stroma of these tumors and suggest that they may participate locally invasive behavior.02/2013, Degree: Ph.D., Supervisor: Katiucia Batista da Silva Paiva
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ABSTRACT: Notch signaling is an evolutionarily conserved mechanism that enables adjacent cells to adopt different fates. Ghost cells (GCs) are anucleate cells with homogeneous pale eosinophilic cytoplasm and very pale to clear central areas (previous nucleus sites). Although GCs are present in a variety of odontogenic lesions notably the calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor (CCOT), their nature and process of formation remains elusive. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Notch signaling in the cell fate specification of GCs in CCOT. Immunohistochemical staining for four Notch receptors (Notch1, Notch2, Notch3 and Notch4) and three ligands (Jagged1, Jagged2 and Delta1) was performed on archival tissues of five CCOT cases. Level of positivity was quantified as negative (0), mild (+), moderate (2+) and strong (3+). Results revealed that GCs demonstrated overexpression for Notch1 and Jagged1 suggesting that Notch1-Jagged1 signaling might serve as the main transduction mechanism in cell fate decision for GCs in CCOT. Protein localizations were largely membranous and/or cytoplasmic. Mineralized GCs also stained positive implicating that the calcification process might be associated with upregulation of these molecules. The other Notch receptors and ligands were weak to absent in GCs and tumoral epithelium. Stromal endothelium and fibroblasts were stained variably positive.European journal of medical research 11/2011; 16(11):501-6. DOI:10.1186/2047-783X-16-11-501 · 1.40 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ameloblastic fibro-odontoma (AFO) is an infrequent odontogenic tumor that affects young people of either sex and is usually located in the posterior mandibular zone. Clinically, the patient might present a delay in dental eruption with a painless increase in volume. Radiographically, it is a uni- or multilocular radiolucent lesion of variable size with radiopaque areas. Treatment varies with tumor size and the decision to conserve the adjacent teeth must be weighed carefully due to the possibility of recurrence. The case of a large AFO in a 4-year-old patient is reported. The specific histological and clinical characteristics are described and the conservative therapy and need for long-term postoperative follow-up are discussed.World Pumps 04/2013; 35(2). DOI:10.1016/j.maxilo.2011.07.013