A case of an ameloblastic fibro-odontoma arising from a calcifying odontogenic cyst.

Oral Health Science Center, Department of Pathology, Tokyo Dental College, Chiba, Japan.
The Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College 03/2001; 42(1):51-5. DOI: 10.2209/tdcpublication.42.51
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This case report describes an ameloblastic fibro-odontoma arising from a calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) in the mandible of a twenty-three-year old male. The patient was referred to the Department of Oral Surgery, Tokyo Dental College, on March 30th, 2000, complaining of a painful swelling, which had appeared three weeks earlier on his left mandibular molar region. In a pathological view, the lesion was a round cyst the size of a chicken-egg, dark red in color, and surrounded by a thick membrane. The cyst had an epithelium of varying thickness which included many ghost cells and an enamel-like structure on the inside, and a thick wall of connective tissue with an ameloblastic fibro-odontoma on the outside. Enamel organ-like epithelial islands were structured radially in the form of strands with immature dentin. Cytokeratin 19 was strongly immunoreactive in the epithelium of the lesion; osteopontin and osteocalcin reacted in the mesenchymal cells and weakly in the epithelial element of this tumor.

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    ABSTRACT: Ameloblastic fibro-odontoma (AFO) is an infrequent odontogenic tumor that affects young people of either sex and is usually located in the posterior mandibular zone. Clinically, the patient might present a delay in dental eruption with a painless increase in volume. Radiographically, it is a uni- or multilocular radiolucent lesion of variable size with radiopaque areas. Treatment varies with tumor size and the decision to conserve the adjacent teeth must be weighed carefully due to the possibility of recurrence. The case of a large AFO in a 4-year-old patient is reported. The specific histological and clinical characteristics are described and the conservative therapy and need for long-term postoperative follow-up are discussed.
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