Bioaccumulation of yttrium in Pseudomonas fluorescens and the role of the outer membrane component(s).

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada.
Microbios 02/2001; 106(413):19-29.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Pseudomonas fluorescens was grown in millimolar amounts of yttrium. The tolerance to yttrium appeared to be mediated by the ability of the organism to accumulate the trivalent metal predominantly in the outer membrane component(s). At the stationary phase of growth, 65 to 70% of the metal was associated with the constituent(s) of the outer membrane. Treatment with 2 mM (EDTA) did not release the metal. Incubation of the outer membrane fraction with yttrium led to further accumulation of the metal. The outer membrane equivalent to 1 mg of protein was shown to immobilize 175 microg of yttrium. There was no significant variation in uronic acid and the lipid contents of the control and yttrium-stressed cells as monitored by colorimetric assays. The protein profiles of the outer and inner membrane components obtained from the control and metal-stressed cells showed marked variations as revealed by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic analysis.