Natural history of congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type II.
ABSTRACT Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type II (CDA-II) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by anemia, jaundice, splenomegaly, and erythroblast multinuclearity. The natural history of the disease is unknown. The frequency, the relevance of complications, and the use of splenectomy are poorly defined. This study examined 98 patients from unrelated families enrolled in the International Registry of CDA-II. Retrospective data were obtained using an appropriate questionnaire. The mean age at presentation was 5.2 +/- 6.1 years. Anemia was present in 66% and jaundice in 53.4% of cases. The mean age at correct diagnosis was 15.9 +/- 11.8 years. Twenty-three percent of patients for whom data were available developed anemia during the neonatal period, and 10 of these individuals required transfusions. Splenectomy produced an increased hemoglobin (P <.001) and a reduced bilirubin level (P =.007) in comparison with values before splenectomy. Preliminary data indicate that iron overload occurs irrespective of the hemochromatosis genotype. (Blood. 2001;98:1258-1260)
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ABSTRACT: A two-year-old girl with congenital dyserythropoietic anemia (CDA) acutely developed fever, tachypnea, and increased oxygen requirement. Chest X-ray revealed bilateral interstitial infiltrates and mild cardiomegaly. Blood cultures grew no infectious agents, while pulmonary specimens grew cytomegalovirus (CMV). Treatment with intravenous ganciclovir was initiated but without response. Final cytologic preparations of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid revealed eosinophilic amorphous material consistent with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). CDA and PAP are extremely rare disorders in pediatrics. PAP should be considered in patients with hematological disorders who present with acute interstitial pneumonia, after infectious causes are ruled out.Case reports in pediatrics. 01/2012; 2012:624740.
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ABSTRACT: CDA are a group of inherited, rare diseases that are characterized by dyserythropoiesis and ineffective erythropoiesis associated with transfusion dependency in approximately 10% of cases. For these latter patients, the only curative treatment is HSCT. There are very limited data on HSCT experience in this rare disease. Herein, we report a five-yr six-month-old girl with compound heterozygous mutations in SEC23B gene, who was diagnosed to have CDA type II and underwent successful HSCT from her matched sibling donor.Pediatric Transplantation 04/2014; · 1.50 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The congenital dyserythropoietic anemias (CDAs) are a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders of red cell production. They are characterized by ineffective erythropoiesis and dyserythropoiesis. Here, we present the clinical description and mutation analysis of a Japanese female with CDA type 1. She has long been diagnosed with unclassified congenital hemolytic anemia from the neonatal period. However, bone marrow morphology and genetic testing of the CDAN1 gene at the age of 12 years confirmed the afore-mentioned diagnosis. Thus, we should be aware of the possibility of CDA if the etiology of congenital anemia or jaundice cannot be clearly elucidated.International journal of hematology 04/2013; · 1.17 Impact Factor