Persons with severe mental illness in jails and prisons: a review

Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA.
New Directions for Mental Health Services 02/2001; 5(90):29-49. DOI: 10.1016/S1353-1131(98)90016-5
Source: PubMed


One of the greatest problems of deinstitutionalization has been the very large number of persons with severe mental illness who have entered the criminal justice system instead of the mental health system.

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Available from: Harry Richard Lamb, Mar 24, 2015
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    • "Devís- Devís, & Sparkes, 2010), as well as programmes carried out prior to the present study (Ríos, 2004; 2009). More specifically, publications on mental health indicate that prison inmates with a mental disorder (or suffering the effects of a mental disorder) have to recover an awareness of their own body and accept it, discover their possibilities for movement, overcome motor problems, progressively recover coordination, and assimilate attitudes, values and habits to improve their health and quality of life (Faulkner & Taylor, 2005; Lamb & Weinberger, 1998). The effects of physical education on social and interpersonal relations are indisputable: motor behaviour encourages individual growth and contributes to the process of rehabilitation and reintegration into society (Ríos, 2009). "
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    ABSTRACT: In the Psychiatric Unit of the Modelo Prison, Barcelona, a physical education programme is carried out annually with the participation of University of Barcelona (UB) students. In this context, we carried out a study based on service-learning parameters. The aim of the study was twofold: to determine the impact on inmates of the physical education programme that was undertaken with university students; and to assess what university students’ learnt in the prison-based socio-educational intervention programme. This paper describes the context of the research and the methodological basis of service learning. The qualitative tools to gather the information were: two focus group; a semi-structured interview with a representative of the unit’s guards; and the students’ field dairy. We present results that demonstrate the impact of the physical, sports activity on the socialisation of inmates, in terms of aspects such as communication and personal skills. The results also show the effect of the programme on the university students’ learning processes, particularly with regard to the contextualisation of learning.
    06/2015; 4(2):106. DOI:10.17583/qre.2015.1138
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    • "The research on mentally ill in prisons has been largely epidemiologic in nature to demonstrate the prevalence of mental illness among prison populations (Ditton 1999; Teplin 1990; Lamb and Weinberger 1998). It has been demonstrated that adjustment to prison and subsequent institutional functioning for mentally ill inmates has been poor, with higher rates of disciplinary infractions documented for this population (Abramsky 2003; Adams 1992: 306; Toch and Adams 1986). "
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    ABSTRACT: Of the two million individuals incarcerated in U.S. jails and prisons, approximately 15% of this population have a serious mental illness. Little is known of this psychiatric population's institutional life and how they cope and function in these environments. Based on 9 months of ethnographic fieldwork in a men's state prison, this paper investigates how institutional social and cultural processes mediate the course and outcome of severe psychiatric disorder for inmates with mental illness. Specifically, this paper identifies how social and cultural processes contribute to illness recovery within a maximum security penitentiary. This ethnographic research reconstitutes the prison as a unique social and cultural context with local ethnopsychiatric constructions of mental disorder that generate particular social responses to inmates with psychiatric illness. These responses are contingent on an institutional cultural ethos based on trust and respect that provides opportunities for establishment of social relationships among staff and inmates. These social relationships are discussed as crucial processes which contribute to positive course and outcome for inmates with mental illness. Prison staffs' culturally mediated response to the local construction of mental disorder is characterized as flexible, providing opportunities for social support and responsiveness to inmates with psychiatric illness. This local institutional construction of mental illness counters the biological reductionism prevalent in many professional ethnopsychiatries, as contextual factors and processes are identified by staff and inmates to be as critical as pharmacological interventions for illness recovery. These findings contribute to social theory, medical anthropology's approach to psychiatric disorder, and corrections policy.
    American Anthropological Association, San Francisco, CA; 11/2012
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    • "hyperarousal , cognitive deficits , difficulty assessing risk and communicat - ing ) that may lead to prison infractions ( El - Bassel , Gilbert , Witte , Wu , & Chang , 2011 ) . The incarceration of large numbers of mentally ill individuals may , in part , reflect limited access to mental health treatment in the community ( James & Glaze , 2006 ; Lamb & Weinberger , 1998 ) . Coupled with high rates of homeless - ness for mentally ill offenders ( James & Glaze , 2006 ) , it is not surprising that greater numbers of mentally ill offenders were unemployed prior to their arrests ( James & Glaze , 2006 ) . "
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    ABSTRACT: Mentally ill offenders are disproportionately involved in prison misconduct. Although mental illness is recognized as a risk factor for poor prison adjustment, the additive nature of mental illness co-occurring with substance use disorders has not yet been examined. Using data from the Survey of Inmates in State Correctional Facilities, we compare the institutional misconduct experiences of female inmates with co-occurring disorders (CODs) to those for inmates with singular disorders or no disorders. Bivariate and multivariate analyses indicated that the risk of misbehavior was higher for inmates with mental illness combined with a drug dependence/abuse disorder than for inmates with singular disorders, but their disciplinary experiences did not statistically differ. These findings suggest that inmates with CODs may pose a uniquely complex challenge for prison administration, which has important implications for corrections policy and practice.
    Justice Quarterly 09/2012; in presss(6). DOI:10.1080/07418825.2011.641026 · 1.63 Impact Factor
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