The aim of the present study was to investigate whether there was an increase of aneuploidy in the sperm from fathers of Turner syndrome patients of paternal origin who, in a previous study, showed an elevated incidence of XY meiotic nondisjunction. Sperm disomy frequencies for chromosomes 4, 13, 18, 21 and 22 were assessed by fluorescence in situ hybridisation in four of these individuals. As a group, the Turner syndrome fathers showed a general increase in disomy frequencies for chromosomes 13, 21 and 22, with a statistically significant increase in disomy frequencies for chromosomes 13 and 22 in one of the fathers and for chromosome 21 in two of them. Data from a previous work carried out by us in two fathers of Down syndrome patients of paternal origin also revealed increased sperm disomy frequencies for chromosomes 13, 21 and 22. Pooled as one group, these six fathers of aneuploid offspring of paternal origin had a statistically significant increase in the frequency of nondisjunction for these chromosomes with respect to control individuals. Our findings indicate that there may be an association between fathering aneuploid offspring and increased frequencies of aneuploid spermatozoa. Such increases do not seem to be restricted to the chromosome pair responsible for the aneuploid offspring. Acrocentric chromosomes and other chromosome pairs that usually show only one chiasma during meiosis seem to be more susceptible to malsegregation.
"Our results did not show an increase in disomy for any of the autosomes analysed, except for individual C15, indicating that the susceptibility to meiotic non-disjunction, in fathers with a 47,XXY offspring, is limited to the XY chromosome pair. There are several reasons that could explain this discrepancy: the difference in the sample size used in both studies and, as mentioned by the same authors (Soares et al., 2001b), the inter-individual variations in the degree of susceptibility to meioitic errors. When a linear regression analysis between paternal age and XY disomy frequencies was considered, only the PO fathers group presented an age-effect increase in the rate of XY disomy. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It is still unclear if a recurrence risk would exist in fathers of an aneuploid offspring of paternal origin. We have studied disomy frequencies in spermatozoa from fathers having Klinefelter syndrome (KS) offspring or miscarriages. The effect of paternal age on sperm disomy percentages is also analysed.
Parental origin of 17 KS patients was carried out by amplification of X chromosome polymorphisms. Spermatozoa from their fathers were studied by multicolour fluorescent in situ hybridisation (FISH) using probes for chromosomes 6, 13, 18, 21, 22, X and Y.
In 53% of KS cases studied the additional X chromosome was of paternal origin. The paternally transmitted KS group of fathers showed significantly higher frequencies for XY disomy sperm as compared to fathers of the maternal-origin group. A correlation between paternal age and XY disomy frequencies was only found in the paternally derived cases. In contrast, similar disomy frequencies for all autosomes analysed were found in both groups of fathers.
XY disomy frequencies increase with advancing paternal age only in fathers with paternally inherited KS offspring.
Human Reproduction 03/2006; 21(2):524-8. DOI:10.1093/humrep/dei321 · 4.57 Impact Factor
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