Spectrophotometric determination of sulfur dioxide in air, using thymol blue

Indian Institute of Technology-Madras, Department of Chemistry, Chennai.
Journal of AOAC International (Impact Factor: 1.12). 07/2001; 84(4):1065-9.
Source: PubMed


A simple and sensitive spectrophotometric method was developed for the determination of trace amounts of sulfur dioxide. The method is based on the reaction of SO2 with a known excess of ICI as the oxidant. The unreacted ICI iodinates thymol blue under acidic conditions. The lambdamax of thymol blue is at 545 nm under acidic conditions, and on lodination lambdamax shifts to 430 nm. This shift results in a decrease in the absorbance at 545 nm. The amount of uniodinated thymol blue present depends on the concentration of unreacted ICI, which in turn depends on the SO2 concentration. The system obeys Beer's law in the range 0-30 microg SO2 in a final volume of 25 mL, having a molar absorptivity of 3.2 x 10(4) L/mol cm with a relative standard deviation (RSD) of 2% at 24 microg SO2 (n = 10). The uniodinated dye can be extracted into 5 mL isoamyl alcohol under acidic conditions for measurement of absorbance. The extraction method obeys Beer's law in the range 0-5 microg SO2, having a molar absorpitivity of 4.16 x 10(4) L/mol x cm with an RSD of 1.9% at 4 microg SO2 (n = 10). The method has been successfully applied to the determination of atmospheric SO2.

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    ABSTRACT: A sensitive spectrophotometric method for the determination of iodine species like iodide, iodine, iodate and periodate is described. The method involves the oxidation of iodide to ICl(2)(-) in the presence of iodate and chloride in acidic medium. The formed ICl(2)(-) bleaches the dye methyl red. The decrease in the intensity of the colour of the dye is measured at 520 nm. Beer's law is obeyed in the concentration range 0-3.5 microg of iodide in an overall volume of 10 ml. The molar absorptivity of the colour system is 1.73 x 10(5) l mol(-1) cm(-1) with a correlation coefficient of -0.9997. The relative standard deviation is 3.6% (n=10) at 2 microg of iodide. The developed method can be applied to samples containing iodine, iodate and periodate by prereduction to iodide using Zn/H(+) or NH(2)NH(2)/H(+). The effect of interfering ions on the determination is described. The proposed method has been successfully applied for the determination of iodide and iodate in salt samples and iodine in pharmaceutical preparations.
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