Effects of intravenous fat emulsions on lung function in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome or sepsis.
ABSTRACT To investigate whether rapid or slowly infused intravenous fat emulsions affect the ratio of prostaglandin I2/thromboxane A2 in arterial blood, pulmonary hemodynamics, and gas exchange.
Prospective, controlled, randomized, crossover study.
Operative intensive care unit of a university hospital.
Eighteen critically ill patients. Ten patients were stratified with severe sepsis, and eight patients had acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).
Patients were assigned randomly to receive intravenous fat emulsions (0.4 x resting energy expenditure) over 6 hrs (rapid fat infusion) or 24 hrs (slow fat infusion) along with a routine parenteral nutrition regimen, by using a crossover study design.
Systemic and pulmonary hemodynamics as well as gas exchange measurements were recorded via respective indwelling catheters. Arterial thromboxane B2 and 6-keto-prostaglandin-F1alpha plasma concentrations were obtained by radioimmunoassay, and 6-keto-prostaglandin-F1alpha/thromboxane B2 ratios (P/T ratios) were calculated. Data were collected immediately before and 6, 12, 18, and 24 hrs after onset of fat infusion. In the ARDS group, P/T ratio increased by rapid fat infusion. Concomitantly, pulmonary shunt fraction, alveolar-arterial oxygen tension difference [P(a-a)o2]/Pao2, and cardiac index increased as well, whereas pulmonary vascular resistance and Pao2/Fio2 declined. After slow fat infusion, a decreased P/T ratio was revealed. This was accompanied by decreased pulmonary shunt fraction, lowered P(a-a)o2/Pao2, and increased Pao2/Fio2. Correlations between plasma concentrations of 6-keto-prostaglandin-F1alpha or thromboxane B2 and measures of respiratory performance could be shown during rapid and slow fat infusion, respectively. In the sepsis group, the P/T ratio remained unchanged at either infusion rate, but pulmonary shunt fraction and P(a-a)o2/Pao2 decreased after rapid fat infusion, whereas Pao2/Fio2 increased.
Pulmonary hemodynamics and gas exchange are related to changes of arterial prostanoid levels in ARDS patients, depending on the rate of fat infusion. In ARDS but not in sepsis patients clear of pulmonary organ failure, a changing balance of prostaglandin I2 and thromboxane A2 may modulate gas exchange, presumably via interference with hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction.
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Article: Fat emulsion and ARDS.Chest 09/1990; 98(2):509-10. · 5.85 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We investigated the effect of intravenous (iv) ibuprofen on prostanoid release and on pulmonary gas exchange after abdominal mesenteric traction (MT) during either abdominal aortic surgery or pancreas resection. In a prospective, randomized, double-blind study, 400 mg ibuprofen (pancreas n = 13, aorta n = 13) or a placebo (pancreas n = 13, aorta n = 13) was administered iv before skin incision. MT was applied uniformly. The prostanoid plasma concentrations, venous admixture (Q(va)/Q(t)), and PaO2/FIO2 ratio were determined at baseline (before MT) and 5, 15, 45, and 90 min after MT. Patients who underwent aortic surgery were older and exhibited a lower preoperative PaO2 than those who underwent pancreas resection. Placebo-treated patients revealed a 30-fold peak increase in 6-keto-prostaglandin F1alpha (stable metabolite of prostacyclin) levels after intentional MT during aortic as well as pancreatic operations. This response was accompanied by an increase in Q(va)/Q(t) (ibuprofen: pancreas 7% +/- 1%, aorta 14% +/- 2%; placebo: pancreas 16% +/- 3%, aorta 26% +/- 3%/15 min after MT [mean +/- SEM, P < 0.05, placebo vs ibuprofen]), which resulted in decreased PaO2/ FIO2 ratio only in the aortic surgery patients (ibuprofen: 310 +/- 19; placebo: 237 +/- 24 15 min after MT, [mean +/- SEM, P < 0.05]). The authors conclude that ibuprofen-pretreated patients demonstrated almost constant prostanoid levels without changes in pulmonary gas exchange after MT.Anesthesia & Analgesia 08/1997; 85(2):274-80. · 3.30 Impact Factor
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