Bullatacin, a potent antitumor annonaceous acetogenin, inhibits proliferation of human hepatocarcinoma cell line 2.2.15 by apoptosis induction.
ABSTRACT Bullatacin, isolated from the fruit of Annona atemoya, is one of the most potentially effective antitumor annonaceous acetogenins. Bullatacin was studied here for its ability to inhibit the proliferation of 2.2.15 cells, hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA transfected human hepatocarcinoma cell line. It was found that bullatacin induced cytotoxicity of 2.2.15 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Fifty percent effective dose (ED50) on day 1 of exposure to bullatacin were 7.8 +/- 2.5 nM for 2.2.15 cells. [3H]-Thymidine incorporation assays showed almost the same results. Bullatacin-treatment also reduced concentrations of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in the cultured medium released from 2.2.15 cells, coincident with the decrease in the cell proliferation. Analysis of mophological changes of bullatacin-treated 2.2.15 by inverted phase-contrast microscope and eletron microscopy revealed a possible model of action for bullatacin to inhibit proliferation of 2.2.15 cells by inducing apoptosis. Most of the bullatacin-induced cell death was found to be due to apoptosis, as determined by double staining with fluorescein-isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled annexin V and propidium iodide (PI).
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ABSTRACT: Thousands of herbal and traditional compounds are being screened worldwide to validate their use as anti-cancerous drugs. An integrated approach is needed to manage cancer using the growing body of knowledge gained through scientific developments. Hence, an attempt is made in this review to discuss about the pathology and therapeutic management of various cancers described in Ayurveda. Review of literature on anticancer drugs of plant origin revealed identification of newer ayurvedic drugs that are not mentioned in the ancient texts. These new findings add up to ayurvedic science that has been developed through ages. In addition, details of experimental and clinical studies conducted on single and compound ayurvedic preparations for their anticancer efficacy strongly emphasize ayurvedic therapy as a scientifically motivated one and not simply unconventional.Pharmaceutical Reviews. 01/2009; 7.
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ABSTRACT: Silver nanomaterial plays a crucial role in the growing field of nanotechnology as there is an increasing commercial demand for silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) owing to their wide biological applications. The present investigation aims at developing anti-cancerous colloidal silver using Moringa olifera stem bark extract. Electron and atomic force microscopic images were taken to analyze the surface morphology of the synthesized AgNPs. The effects of synthesized AgNPs were tested against human cervical carcinoma cells (HeLa) and cell morphology was further evaluated using 4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining. The efficiency of green synthesized AgNPs was studied with the help of fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) and was shown to induce apoptosis through reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in HeLa cells.Colloids and surfaces B: Biointerfaces 01/2014; 117:354–359. · 4.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis, which is initiated by certain tumor micro-environmental conditions and diverse protein factors, plays a pivotal role during tumor development and metastasis. Therefore, many efforts have been made to develop effective anti-angiogenic agents as anticancer therapeutics. In the current study, we investigated the anti-angiogenic potential of an ethanol extract of Annona atemoya seeds (EEAA) in vitro and in vivo.BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 09/2014; 14(1):353. · 2.08 Impact Factor