Multiplication of Musa from excised stem tips.
ABSTRACT Rapidly multiplying cultures were established from excised shoot tips of two dessert banana clones ('Philippine Lacatan' and 'Grande Naine') and two plantain clones ('Pelipita' and 'Saba'). Apices cultured on semi-solid media produced single shoots while apices placed in liquid media produced shoot clusters. Individual shoots were induced to form multiple shoot clusters by longitudinally splitting the shoot through the apex. Shoot multiplication was stimulated maximally by 5 mg l-1 benzylaminopurine. Rooted plants were produced by treating shoots with auxins. Growth rates based on increase in f. wt of the four clones were compared. During a 4-week culture period 'Pelipita' showed a fivefold increase in f. wt while 'Grande Naine', 'Philippine Lacatan' and 'Saba' showed increases exceeding tenfold.
- SourceAvailable from: Munguatosha Samwel NgomuoAmerican Journal of Plant Sciences 01/2013; 04(11):2174-2180. DOI:10.4236/ajps.2013.411269
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ABSTRACT: Mutation discovery technologies have enabled the development of reverse genetics for many plant species and allowed sophisticated evaluation of the consequences of mutagenesis. Such methods are relatively straightforward for seed-propagated plants. To develop a platform suitable for vegetatively propagated species, we treated isolated banana shoot apical meristems with the chemical mutagen ethyl methanesulphonate, recovered plantlets and screened for induced mutations. A high density of GC-AT transition mutations were recovered, similar to that reported in seed-propagated polyploids. Through analysis of the inheritance of mutations, we observed that genotypically heterogeneous stem cells resulting from mutagenic treatment are rapidly sorted to fix a single genotype in the meristem. Further, mutant genotypes are stably inherited in subsequent generations. Evaluation of natural nucleotide variation showed the accumulation of potentially deleterious heterozygous alleles, suggesting that mutation induction may uncover recessive traits. This work therefore provides genotypic insights into the fate of totipotent cells after mutagenesis and suggests rapid approaches for mutation-based functional genomics and improvement of vegetatively propagated crops.Plant Biotechnology Journal 08/2012; 10(9). DOI:10.1111/j.1467-7652.2012.00733.x
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ABSTRACT: Shoot apices of Musa subgroup AAA `Grande Naine' were used for in vitro culture establishment. The endogenous hormone levels and their effects on bud formation were evaluated during a 75-day period. Cytokinins, IAA and ABA were separated by HPLC and quantified by means of ELISA. Enzymatic degradation of IAA was determined by the colorimetric method. Explants were maintained on establishment medium for 60 days. The endogenous cytokinins were higher in the basal portion of the explant. Subculture to proliferation medium (65 to 75 days) resulted in a substantial increase of cytokinins in the basal portion and in a decline in the apical portion. 2iP was the predominant cytokinin in the tissue. The endogenous level of IAA and the IAA/cytokinin ratio decreased after the 65th day of culture. The level of ABA was reduced from the time of inoculation up to the 75th day of culture. Histological analysis indicated that buds formed at the leaf base at the 65th day of culture.Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture 04/2012; 63(3):187-192. DOI:10.1023/A:1010611318932