[Fractures of the edentulous atrophic mandible. Fracture management and complications].
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: With increasing atrophy, fractures of the edentulous mandible tend to have a higher incidence of nonunion. However, the connection between disturbances of bony consolidation and inadequate primary stability is often insufficiently discussed. FIXATION: Rigid internal fixation with 2.7 or now 2.4 AO compression and reconstruction plates is a safe procedure to achieve short-term rehabilitation in the mostly elderly patients by ensuring immediate function without intermaxillary fixation. With increasing atrophy, our concept suggests the use of stronger plates and fixation of screws in safe bony regions far from the fracture site. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: This study reports the results of treatment of 40 fractures of the edentulous mandible in 25 patients from 1979 until 1996: 38 fractures (95%) showed primary healing, and only 1 nonunion was revealed after fracture of the plate. The criteria for choice of plates are discussed as well as fracture exposure and the question of primary and secondary bone grafting.
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ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis is a common problem in orthopedic surgery. The purpose of this review of the literature was to examine whether osteoporosis is also an important factor in patient treatment in the field of craniomaxillofacial surgery. Emphasis was given to the consequences of osteoporosis for the maxilla and mandible, the influence of osteoporosis on fracture treatment, the use of dental implants, the importance of soft tissues and the effect of osteoporosis therapies. It was found that osteoporosis does affect the bones of the skull. The effect of osteoporosis on treatment, however, is controversial and necessitates better ways of quantifying bone loss. Large inter-individual and site-specific differences in bone density, as well as other effects such as removal of teeth, periodontitis, implant insertion, augmentation procedures and altered loading with dystrophic consequences need to be considered in future studies. Special attention should be given to osteoporosis during fracture treatment.Osteoporosis International 03/2006; 17(2):167-79. · 4.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Despite advances in the treatment of the fractured atrophic edentulous mandible, treatment continues to be difficult. Patient management is more complicated due to patients often being elderly with more complex medical problems. Rigid internal fixation has greatly improved outcomes with shorter treatment times, yet a consensus has yet to be reached regarding which method yields the most predictable results. Options include using small miniplates to larger reconstruction plates. Although each method has advantages, we present our experience with retreatment of failed miniplate fixation using load-bearing reconstruction plates of fractured atrophic edentulous mandibles.Craniomaxillofacial Trauma and Reconstruction 09/2011; 4(3):145-50.
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ABSTRACT: The high rate of complications led us to develop a new osteosynthesis plate for the treatment of the fractured atrophied mandible. The development of the new so-called pencil-bone plate is based on the 2.0 mini-plate system manufactured by the Medartis Company. Finite elements (FE) analysis of the new plate as well as flexibility experiments were undertaken, and 14 patients with 16 fractures of the atrophied mandible were treated with the pencil-bone plate between October 2000 and November 2001. The results clearly show that the pencil-bone plate reacted in both the FE model and the static flexibility experiment in a more stable way than a standard 2.0 plate. In 13 patients, healing proceeded without serious complications; all of the patients showed subjective, nearly unchanged chewing, speaking, and swallowing abilities and no complications occurred when wearing dentures. One patient underwent surgical intervention after a new trauma. The clinical outcome of the treated fractures confirmed the experimental results, which proved the high stability of the plate in the area of the fracture site. Due to the mini-plate format the intraoral application of the plate is possible without problems. The intraoral access allows rapid operation followed by a minimum of morbidity. A great advantage of the small dimension system is the unrestricted wearing of dentures after the application.Mund- Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie 12/2003; 7(6):323-9.