[About the prognostic value of Her-2 gene-amplification and cell-proliferation in salivary duct carcinoma of the major salivary glands - a pilot-study].
ABSTRACT The salivary duct carcinoma (sdc) represents a rare variant of the group of adeno-carcinomas of the salivary glands. Histopathologically, it is marked by solid and cribriform cell nests with central necrosis, displaying distinct similarity with the ductal carcinoma of the breast, where prognosis can be correlated with Her-2 gene-amplification. Based on this histopathological similarity, the prognostic value of Her-2 gene amplification in SDC was examined in the presented pilot-study.
Four own patients with different clinical courses were examined in regard to their histopathological features, Her-2 gene-amplification and proliferation (Ki67).
Three of the four patients died tumor related 2.4, 5.5 and 8.2 years after initial diagnosis. The remaining patient died tumor-free 6 year after diagnosis (myocardial infarct). The two patients with an early recurrent disease and distant metastasis showed a high Her-2 expression and proliferation (Ki67), compared to the other two patients.
In the presented pilot-study a distinct correlation between Her2-gene-amplification, proliferation (Ki67) and clinical course could be observed. Additional analysis to evaluate this aspect seems rectified, especially under recognition of therapy decisions.
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ABSTRACT: Malignant tumors of salivary glands are rare lesions, often with poor prognosis. At present, surgery represents the only therapeutic choice, whereas chemotherapy is employed as palliative treatment in advanced disease. Over the years, several molecular alterations associated with the pathogenesis and progression of the salivary glands tumors have been well-characterized. Particularly, the mutational status and/or aberrant expression of certain markers, such as EGFR, HER2, cKIT, BRAF and AR, also identified in some tumor histotypes of the salivary glands, currently represent molecular targets for new and efficacious drugs routinely employed in the treatment of other neoplasias, such as breast, lungs, GIST and melanoma. The expression analysis of these biomarkers associated with histomorphological data, could then provide the oncologist the opportunity to create a proper stratification of patients for customized therapies. This review represents an overview of the lesions of the salivary glands best characterized in terms of molecular aspects, focusing the attention on those markers and molecular alterations which can be important in the diagnosis in the therapeutic stratification of these tumors.Current Drug Targets 06/2014; · 3.85 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: HER2 is a target for antibody-based treatment of breast and gastric carcinoma which is highly successful in advanced disease as well as in the adjuvant setting. To determine the potential applicability of such therapies, salivary gland tumours were analysed for HER2 overexpression/amplification in this study. A tissue microarray (TMA) was constructed from 994 carcinomas and 205 adenomas of the salivary gland. Slides were analysed for HER2 overexpression and gene amplification using FDA approved reagents for immunohistochemistry (IHC; Hercep-Test; Dako) and fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH; PathVysion; Vysis-Abbott). HER2 was found overexpressed in 39 of 915 (4.26%) and amplified in nine of 915 interpretable salivary gland carcinomas (0.98%). HER2 overexpression was mostly found in salivary duct carcinoma. All other entities were mainly HER2 negative. HER2 was overexpressed in 34 of 319 (10.65%) mucoepidermoid carcinomas, one of 170 (0.59%) acinic cell adenocarcinomas and three of 14 (21.43%) salivary duct carcinomas. HER2 amplification was seen in three of 294 (1.01%) mucoepidermoid carcinomas, three of 14 (21.43%) salivary duct carcinomas, one of 81 (1.23%) adenocarcinomas (NOS), one of 12 (8.33%) cystadenocarcinomas and one of 19 (2.08%) myoepithelial carcinomas. HER2 amplification was found in seven of 39 immunohistochemically HER2 positive (2+ and 3+) tumours (17.95%) but in only two of 849 (0.24%) IHC negative tumours (p < 0.0001). No amplification/overexpression was found in adenoid cystic carcinoma, epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma, polymorphous low grade carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, myoepithelial carcinoma, cystadenocarcinoma and oncocytic carcinoma. HER2 overexpression caused by gene amplification was observed in about 20% of patients with salivary duct cancers but was rare in salivary adenomas and other carcinomas. Therefore, anti-HER2 therapy may represent a therapeutic option only in a small subgroup of salivary gland tumours.Pathology 06/2011; 43(5):459-64. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) is an aggressive primary salivary malignancy which microscopically resembles high-grade ductal carcinoma of the breast, with both in situ and invasive patterns. It is typically found in older men, most often in the parotid. It can arise de novo or as the malignant component of carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma. SDC is generally a hematoxylin and eosin stain-based diagnosis, with special stains and immunohistochemistry acting mainly in a confirmatory role. Other than epithelial markers, SDC expresses androgen receptors in most cases, with true HER2 positivity seen in about 15 %. Based on these data and analogous to similar schemes in the breast, it is suggested that SDCs can be classified into three main groups: luminal androgen receptor positive, HER2+ and basal phenotype. This may form the basis for prognostic information and new therapeutic possibilities. In addition to the usual type of SDC, a few less common morphological variants have been reported: papillary, micropapillary, mucin-rich, sarcomatoid and oncocytic, as well as pure in situ cases.Head and Neck Pathology 07/2013;