[About the prognostic value of Her-2 gene-amplification and cell-proliferation in salivary duct carcinoma of the major salivary glands - a pilot-study].
ABSTRACT The salivary duct carcinoma (sdc) represents a rare variant of the group of adeno-carcinomas of the salivary glands. Histopathologically, it is marked by solid and cribriform cell nests with central necrosis, displaying distinct similarity with the ductal carcinoma of the breast, where prognosis can be correlated with Her-2 gene-amplification. Based on this histopathological similarity, the prognostic value of Her-2 gene amplification in SDC was examined in the presented pilot-study.
Four own patients with different clinical courses were examined in regard to their histopathological features, Her-2 gene-amplification and proliferation (Ki67).
Three of the four patients died tumor related 2.4, 5.5 and 8.2 years after initial diagnosis. The remaining patient died tumor-free 6 year after diagnosis (myocardial infarct). The two patients with an early recurrent disease and distant metastasis showed a high Her-2 expression and proliferation (Ki67), compared to the other two patients.
In the presented pilot-study a distinct correlation between Her2-gene-amplification, proliferation (Ki67) and clinical course could be observed. Additional analysis to evaluate this aspect seems rectified, especially under recognition of therapy decisions.
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ABSTRACT: Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Texas at Austin. Vita. Bibliography: ℓ. 330-346.
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ABSTRACT: Salivary duct carcinoma is a highly malignant salivary gland tumour with aggressive clinical behaviour, characterized by histological resemblance to invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast. Amplification of HER-2/neu oncogene and over-expression of its gene product have both prognostic and therapeutic implications in breast cancer. Recent report on salivary duct carcinomas for HER-2/neu using immunohistochemistry (IHC) has shown over-expression in most cases. However, correlation between IHC and molecular genetic analysis of HER-2/neu in salivary duct carcinoma has not yet been performed. We have now evaluated 11 cases of salivary duct carcinomas for HER-2/neu status using IHC and fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH). To our knowledge, this is the first molecular genetic analysis of HER-2/neu in salivary duct carcinoma. In immunohistochemistry, over-expression of HER-2/neu protein was identified as distinct membrane staining in most carcinoma cells in all our salivary duct carcinoma cases, while only four cases revealed an amplification of HER-2/neu gene by means of FISH analysis. Both amplified and non-amplified salivary duct carcinomas with strong immunohistochemical staining for HER-2/neu protein were associated with poor clinical outcome for the patients. Apparently, HER-2/neu protein over-expression could also be controlled by mechanisms other than gene amplification. In the group of salivary gland tumours other than salivary duct carcinoma, strong over-expression was detected only in three cases of carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma. Thus, over-expression of HER-2/neu protein is also a useful marker of malignant transformation in pleomorphic adenomas.Histopathology 05/2003; 42(4):348-56. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2559.2003.01600.x · 3.30 Impact Factor