Clinical performance of a resin-modified glass-ionomer and a compomer in restoring non-carious cervical lesions. 5-year results.

Department of Operative Dentistry & Periodontology, Ludwig-Maximilians University, München, Germany.
American journal of dentistry (Impact Factor: 1.06). 07/2001; 14(3):153-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To evaluate the 5-yr clinical performance of a resin-modified glass-ionomer cement and a polyacid-modified resin composite in restoring non-carious cervical lesions.
Non-carious cervical lesions in 46 incisors, canines, and premolars were restored either with Fuji II LC (n=18) or with Dyract (n=28) in 16 healthy patients. The lesions were restored without cavity preparation strictly according to the manufacturer's instructions. The restorations were clinically evaluated single blind after 5 yrs using modified USPHS criteria.
The percentage of Alfa ratings were as follows (Dyract/Fuji II LC): color match 81.3%/28.6%, surface texture 93.8%/21.4%, anatomic form 75.0%/28.6%, marginal integrity (enamel) 62.5%/42.9%, marginal integrity (dentin) 68.8%/28.6%, marginal discoloration (enamel) 56.3%/42.9%, marginal discoloration (dentin) 68.8%/21.5%. Five-yr data revealed a significant difference between the clinical ratings of Dyract and Fuji II LC for all criteria except marginal integrity and marginal discoloration in enamel. A total of five Dyract restorations and four Fuji II LC restorations failed within the study period.
A considerably high and almost similar overall failure rate was found for both restorative materials in restoring non-carious cervical lesions. However, retained Dyract restorations presented superior clinical performance compared to Fuji II LC restorations.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this review was to assess the effect of different adhesive systems and tooth preparation on the retention of tooth-colored restorative materials placed in non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs). Randomized clinical trials with a minimum of 3 years of follow-up that evaluated the effectiveness of tooth-colored materials, adhesive systems, and preparation techniques for the restoration of NCCLs were selected. The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE (OVID), the Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database (LILACS), and Medline (OVID) electronic databases were searched from 1990 to 2013. Twenty-seven randomized clinical trials were included and reviewed. Meta-analysis was used to determine the relative risk of loss of tooth-colored NCCL restorations between different categories of adhesive systems. The effect of tooth preparation could not be similarly analyzed. The current best evidence indicates that a glass ionomer cement has a significantly lower risk of loss of a NCCL restoration compared to either a three-step etch-and-rinse or a two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system; a three-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system has a significantly lower risk of loss of a NCCL restoration compared to a two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system. No significant difference could be observed in the risk of loss of a tooth-colored NCCL restoration between a three-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system and either a two-step self-etch or a one-step self-etch adhesive system.
    Clinical Oral Investigations 03/2014; · 2.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this double-blind, randomised trial was to compare the clinical performance of a hybrid composite (Clearfil AP-X, Kuraray, Tokyo) and a nanocomposite (Filtek Z350, 3M ESPE, St. Paul, MN) over a period of 2 years in non-carious class V lesions using a modified US Public Health Service (USPHS) system. METHODS: Forty-six patients with at least one pair of equivalent non-carious cervical lesions under occlusion and a mean age of 44.1 years (range 27-66 years; median 45 years) were enrolled in this study. A total of 116 restorations (58 with each material) were placed according to manufacturer's instructions by two calibrated operators. The restorations were evaluated at baseline and at 6, 12 and 24 months after placement using the USPHS criteria for retention, colour match, marginal discolouration, marginal adaptation, anatomic form, surface texture and secondary caries. Statistical analysis was conducted using the Cochran and the McNemar tests at a significance level of 5 % (P < 0.05). RESULTS: No surface texture changes or secondary caries were detected in association with any restorations. The retention rates for Clearfil AP-X (100 %) and for Filtek Z350 (91.38 %) did not differ significantly (P > 0.05). Two Z350 restorations were completely lost after 2 years. No significant differences were observed in the colour match, marginal discolouration, marginal adaptation or anatomic form. CONCLUSIONS: There were no significant differences in the clinical performances between the materials. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Both restorative materials exhibited acceptable clinical performance in class V non-carious lesions 2 years post-restoration.
    Clinical Oral Investigations 07/2012; · 2.20 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The first purpose of present study was to compare the anticariogenic effect of compomer, resin modified glass ionomer cement and composite (RMGIC). The second purpose was to evaluate the recently introduced methods, which use confocal scanning micro-scope, in detecting initial caries around restoration. 241.5mm cavities were prepared from the recently extracted 50 human teeth on the buccal or lingual surface. The prepared teeth were randomly devided into 5 groups and restored with each filling material. Group 1: Dyract AP, Group 2: compoglass F, Group 3: F2000, Group 4: Z100. Group 5:Fuji II LC. The teeth were stored for 30 days in the distilled water, then stored in the buffer solution for artificial caries development: pH 4.3, lactic acid 100 mM, calcium 16 mM, phosphate 8mM, sodium azide 3mM. Then, the samples were sectioned longitudinally and examined with confical scanning microscope. The results showed that the use of compomer and resin modified glass ionomer cement showed caries inhibition zone whereas the composite did not. There was no difference in the width of caries inhibition zone between compomers and RMGIC. The confocal scanning microscope was useful in detecting initial caries around restoration.
    Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics. 01/2002; 27(1).