Clinical performance of a resin-modified glass-ionomer and a compomer in restoring non-carious cervical lesions. 5-year results.

Department of Operative Dentistry & Periodontology, Ludwig-Maximilians University, München, Germany.
American journal of dentistry (Impact Factor: 1.06). 07/2001; 14(3):153-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To evaluate the 5-yr clinical performance of a resin-modified glass-ionomer cement and a polyacid-modified resin composite in restoring non-carious cervical lesions.
Non-carious cervical lesions in 46 incisors, canines, and premolars were restored either with Fuji II LC (n=18) or with Dyract (n=28) in 16 healthy patients. The lesions were restored without cavity preparation strictly according to the manufacturer's instructions. The restorations were clinically evaluated single blind after 5 yrs using modified USPHS criteria.
The percentage of Alfa ratings were as follows (Dyract/Fuji II LC): color match 81.3%/28.6%, surface texture 93.8%/21.4%, anatomic form 75.0%/28.6%, marginal integrity (enamel) 62.5%/42.9%, marginal integrity (dentin) 68.8%/28.6%, marginal discoloration (enamel) 56.3%/42.9%, marginal discoloration (dentin) 68.8%/21.5%. Five-yr data revealed a significant difference between the clinical ratings of Dyract and Fuji II LC for all criteria except marginal integrity and marginal discoloration in enamel. A total of five Dyract restorations and four Fuji II LC restorations failed within the study period.
A considerably high and almost similar overall failure rate was found for both restorative materials in restoring non-carious cervical lesions. However, retained Dyract restorations presented superior clinical performance compared to Fuji II LC restorations.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It is still largely unknown as to what material parameter requirements would be most suitable to minimise the fracture and maximising the retention rate of the restoration of cervical non-carious lesions (NCCL). The present paper, as a first of its kind, proposes a radical approach to address the problems of material improvement, namely: numerical-based, fracture and damage mechanics materials optimisation engineering. It investigates the influence of the elastic modulus (E) on the failure of cervical restorative materials and aims to identify an E value that will minimise mechanical failure under clinically realistic loading conditions. The present work relies on the principle that a more flexible restorative material would partially buffer the local stress concentration. We employ a "most favourable" parametric analysis of the restorative's elastic modulus using a fracture mechanics model embedded into finite element method. The advanced numerical modelling adopts a Rankine and rotating crack material fracture model coupled to a non-linear analysis in an explicit finite element framework. The present study shows that the restorative materials currently used in non-carious cervical lesions are largely unsuitable in terms of resistance to fracture of the restoration and we suggest that the elastic modulus of such a material should be in the range of 1GPa. We anticipate that the presented methodology would provide more informative guidelines for the development of dental restorative materials, which could be tailored to specific clinical applications cognisant of the underlying mechanical environment.
    Dental Materials 12/2007; 23(12):1562-9. DOI:10.1016/ · 4.16 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the 5-year clinical performance of polyacid-modified resin composite, Dyract (DeTrey/Dentsply, Konstanz, Germany), restorations in class V carious lesions. Ninety-two class V carious lesions in 28 patients were restored with Dyract. Restorations were clinically evaluated at baseline, 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-year recalls and were evaluated according to the modified Ryge criteria by two experienced calibrated examiners in regard to color match, marginal discoloration, wear or loss of anatomical form, caries, marginal adaptation, and surface texture. The retention rate after 5years compared to baseline in class V carious restorations was 84%, with only 12 restorations failing. Color change and marginal discoloration in restorations were found to be statistically significant (p = 0.0238 and p < 0.0001, respectively) at the end of the 5years, but did not require replacement of any of the restorations. The results of this study revealed that at the end of 5years, Dyract exhibited a clinically acceptable success rate but had significant color changes and marginal discoloration in class V carious lesions.
    Clinical Oral Investigations 06/2007; 12(2):157-163. DOI:10.1007/s00784-007-0156-6 · 2.29 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The first purpose of present study was to compare the anticariogenic effect of compomer, resin modified glass ionomer cement and composite (RMGIC). The second purpose was to evaluate the recently introduced methods, which use confocal scanning micro-scope, in detecting initial caries around restoration. 241.5mm cavities were prepared from the recently extracted 50 human teeth on the buccal or lingual surface. The prepared teeth were randomly devided into 5 groups and restored with each filling material. Group 1: Dyract AP, Group 2: compoglass F, Group 3: F2000, Group 4: Z100. Group 5:Fuji II LC. The teeth were stored for 30 days in the distilled water, then stored in the buffer solution for artificial caries development: pH 4.3, lactic acid 100 mM, calcium 16 mM, phosphate 8mM, sodium azide 3mM. Then, the samples were sectioned longitudinally and examined with confical scanning microscope. The results showed that the use of compomer and resin modified glass ionomer cement showed caries inhibition zone whereas the composite did not. There was no difference in the width of caries inhibition zone between compomers and RMGIC. The confocal scanning microscope was useful in detecting initial caries around restoration.
    01/2002; 27(1). DOI:10.5395/JKACD.2002.27.1.012