Clinical performance of a resin-modified glass-ionomer and a compomer in restoring non-carious cervical lesions. 5-year results.

Department of Operative Dentistry & Periodontology, Ludwig-Maximilians University, München, Germany.
American journal of dentistry (Impact Factor: 1.06). 07/2001; 14(3):153-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To evaluate the 5-yr clinical performance of a resin-modified glass-ionomer cement and a polyacid-modified resin composite in restoring non-carious cervical lesions.
Non-carious cervical lesions in 46 incisors, canines, and premolars were restored either with Fuji II LC (n=18) or with Dyract (n=28) in 16 healthy patients. The lesions were restored without cavity preparation strictly according to the manufacturer's instructions. The restorations were clinically evaluated single blind after 5 yrs using modified USPHS criteria.
The percentage of Alfa ratings were as follows (Dyract/Fuji II LC): color match 81.3%/28.6%, surface texture 93.8%/21.4%, anatomic form 75.0%/28.6%, marginal integrity (enamel) 62.5%/42.9%, marginal integrity (dentin) 68.8%/28.6%, marginal discoloration (enamel) 56.3%/42.9%, marginal discoloration (dentin) 68.8%/21.5%. Five-yr data revealed a significant difference between the clinical ratings of Dyract and Fuji II LC for all criteria except marginal integrity and marginal discoloration in enamel. A total of five Dyract restorations and four Fuji II LC restorations failed within the study period.
A considerably high and almost similar overall failure rate was found for both restorative materials in restoring non-carious cervical lesions. However, retained Dyract restorations presented superior clinical performance compared to Fuji II LC restorations.

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