Article

A hybrid bacterial replication origin.

Max-Planck-Institut für molekulare Genetik, Ihnestrasse 73, D-14195 Berlin, Germany.
EMBO Reports (Impact Factor: 7.19). 12/2001; 2(11):1003-6. DOI: 10.1093/embo-reports/kve225
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We constructed a hybrid replication origin that consists of the main part of oriC from Escherichia coli, the DnaA box region and the AT-rich region from Bacillus subtilis oriC. The AT-rich region could be unwound by E. coli DnaA protein, and the DnaB helicase was loaded into the single-stranded bubble. The results show that species specificity, i.e. which DnaA protein can do the unwinding, resides within the DnaA box region of oriC.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
96 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The chromosomal replication origins (oriC) of gram positive, acid-fast actinomycetes have been investigated in streptomycetes and mycobacteria. A 1339 bp DNA fragment of the putative oriC region from the rifamycin SV producer Amycolatopsis mediterranei U32 was cloned by PCR amplification employing primers designed based on the conserved flanking genes of dnaA and dnaN. The 884 bp sequence of the intergenic region between dnaA and dnaN genes consists of 19 DnaA-boxes and two 13-mer AT-rich sequences, which is similar to the oriC structure of Streptomyces lividans. A mini-chromosome constructed by cloning the putative U32 oriC DNA fragment into an Escherichia coli plasmid was able to replicate autonomously, but was unstable, in A. mediterranei U32 with an estimated copy number of two per cell. Although efficient replication of the mini-chromosome in U32 requires the complete set of DnaA-boxes and AT-rich regions, only one of the AT-rich sequences together with part of the DnaA-boxes is sufficient, suggesting the presence of combinatorial alternatives for a functional oriC region of A. mediterranei U32. Phylogenetic analysis based on definite oriC sequences among eubacteria reflects well the relationship between these species.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 08/2005; 333(1):14-20. · 2.28 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bacterial chromosome replication is mediated by single initiator protein, DnaA, that interacts specifically with multiple DnaA boxes located within the origin (oriC). We compared the architecture of the DnaA-origin complexes of evolutionarily distantly related eubacteria: two Gram-negative organisms, Escherichia coli and Helicobacter pylori, and two Gram-positive organisms, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Streptomyces coelicolor. Their origins vary in size (from approx. 200 to 1000 bp) and number of DnaA boxes (from 5 to 19). The results indicate that: (i) different DnaA proteins exhibit various affinities toward single DnaA boxes, (ii) spatial arrangement of two DnaA boxes is crucial for the H. pylori and S. coelicolor DnaA proteins, but not for E. coli and M. tuberculosis proteins, and (iii) the oriC regions are optimally adjusted to their cognate DnaA proteins. The primary functions of multiple DnaA boxes are to determine the positioning and order of assembly of the DnaA molecules. Gradual transition from the sequence-specific binding of the DnaA protein to binding through co-operative protein-protein interactions seems to be a common conserved strategy to generate oligomeric initiator complexes bound to multiple sites within the chromosomal, plasmid and virial origins.
    Biochemical Journal 08/2005; 389(Pt 2):471-81. · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb), the pathogen that causes tuberculosis, is capable of staying asymptomatically in a latent form, persisting for years in very low replicating state, before getting reactivated to cause active infection. It is therefore important to study M.tb chromosome replication, specifically its initiation and regulation. While the region between dnaA and dnaN gene is capable of autonomous replication, little is known about the interaction between DnaA initiator protein, oriC origin of replication sequences and their negative effectors of replication. By KMnO(4) mapping assays the sequences involved in open complex formation within oriC, mediated by M.tb DnaA protein, were mapped to position -500 to -518 with respect to the dnaN gene. Contrary to E. coli, the M.tb DnaA in the presence of non-hydrolysable analogue of ATP (ATPgammaS) was unable to participate in helix opening thereby pointing to the importance of ATP hydrolysis. Interestingly, ATPase activity in the presence of supercoiled template was higher than that observed for DnaA box alone. M.tb rRv1985c, a homologue of E.coli IciA (Inhibitor of chromosomal initiation) protein, could inhibit DnaA-mediated in-vitro helix opening by specifically binding to A+T rich region of oriC, provided the open complex formation had not initiated. rIciA could also inhibit in-vitro replication of plasmid carrying the M.tb origin of replication. These results have a bearing on the functional role of the important regulator of M.tb chromosomal replication belonging to the LysR family of bacterial regulatory proteins in the context of latency.
    PLoS ONE 02/2009; 4(1):e4139. · 3.53 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
10 Downloads
Available from
May 28, 2014