Equilibrium Acidities and Homolytic Bond Dissociation Enthalpies of the Acidic C-H Bonds in As-Substituted Triphenylarsonium and Related Cations(1).
ABSTRACT Equilibrium acidities (pK(HA)s) of As-fluorenyltriphenylarsonium, As-phenacyltriphenylarsonium, six As-(para-substituted benzyl)triphenylarsonium [p-GC(6)H(4)CH(2)(+)AsPh(3)] (G = H, Me, CF(3), CO(2)Me, CN, and NO(2)), and six P-(para-substituted benzyl)tri(n-butyl)phosphonium [p-GC(6)H(4)CH(2)(+)P(n-Bu)(3)] (G = H, Me, CF(3), CO(2)Me, CN, and NO(2)) bromide salts, together with the oxidation potentials [E(ox)(A(-))] of their conjugate bases (ylides) have been determined in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) solution. Introduction of an alpha-triphenylarsonium (alpha-Ph(3)As(+)) group was found to increase the adjacent C-H bond acidities by 13-20 pK units (18-27 kcal/mol). The equilibrium acidities for the two series p-GC(6)H(4)CH(2)(+)AsPh(3) and p-GC(6)H(4)CH(2)(+)P(n-Bu)(3) cations were found to be nicely correlated with the Hammett sigma(-) constants of the corresponding para-substituents (G) (Figures 1 and 2). The homolytic bond dissociation enthalpies (BDEs) of the acidic C-H bonds determined by using eq 1 reveal that an alpha-Ph(3)As(+) group increases the BDE value of the adjacent acidic C-H bond by 2-5 kcal/mol, whereas the substituent effects for an alpha-Ph(3)P(+) or alpha-(n-Bu)(3)P(+) group was found to be dependent on the nature of the substituents attached to the alpha-carbon atom. Good linear correlations were obtained for the equilibrium acidities of As-(para-substituted benzyl)triphenylarsonium and P-(para-substituted benzyl)tri(n-butyl)phosphonium cations with the oxidation potentials of their conjugate bases (ylides) as shown in Figures 3 and 4, respectively.
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ABSTRACT: Diastereomeric ratios of >95 : 5 were obtained when performing methylene transfers onto imines originating from d-mannitol and (S)-(-)-2-methyl-2-propane sulfinamide or ascorbic acid and (R)-(-)-2-methyl-2-propane sulfinamide.Chemical Communications 05/2009; · 6.38 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Four hundred and seventy nine experimental values of XZ bond dissociation energies (BDEs) of para-, ortho-, meta-, and multisubstituted aromatic compounds were reproduced by the following simple equations: Here X represents a wide variety of univalent atoms or groups; Y is one or several various remote substituents; and Z represents an oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, or sulfur atom. DH0(XZC5H6) is a known reference/anchor point for a series of XZ bonds. Esr is the remote conjugation energy between the substituents and the reaction center (broken bond), and can be expressed as a Hammett-type correlation. σ+(Y) is the Brown–Okamoto constant of a substituent Y or the sum of several substituent constants. The Hammett slope or reaction constant ρ is a linear function of the difference between the covalent potentials Vx(Z) and Vx(X). It has been found that and The set of equations are very powerful for the prediction of BDEs, chemical reactivity, and reaction center (or active site) in antioxidants, nutrients, pharmaceuticals, toxicants, carcinogens, and explosives. © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Chem Kinet 34: 453–466, 2002International Journal of Chemical Kinetics 06/2002; 34(8):453 - 466. · 1.19 Impact Factor