Diverticular disease is an increasingly common clinical problem especially in Western industrialized countries, but the mechanism by which the disease develops remains unclear. Based on studies showing a structural change in the colonic wall in these patients, we examined whether there are any disorders concerning the collagen metabolism in patients with diverticular disease. Samples of colonic tissue from 13 patients with diverticulitis were compared to 14 controls. We performed a Sirius red test for the overall collagen content and immunohistochemical studies facing differentiation between collagen type I and type III and the expression of matrix metalloproteinases 1 and 13. In the bowel sections of patients with diverticulitis there were decreased levels of mature collagen type I (1.37+/- 0.32 vs. 1.59 +/- 0.31) and increased levels of collagen type III (1.61+/- 0.32 vs. 1.42 +/- 0.42), with a resulting lower collagen ratio I/III. The expression of MMP-I was reduced significantly in the diverticulitis group (4.83 +/- 0.92 vs. 6.02 +/- 1.98) while expression of MMP-13 did not differ significantly between the two groups (1.03 +/- 0.11 vs. 1.04 +/- 0.12). Our findings support the theory of structural changes in the colonic wall as one of the major pathogenic factors in the development of diverticular disease. Further studies must focus on the complex interactions of several extracellular matrix components.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Colonic diverticulosis refers to small outpouchings from the colonic lumen due to mucosal herniation through the colonic wall at sites of vascular perforation. Abnormal colonic motility and inadequate intake of dietary fibre have been implicated in its pathogenesis. This acquired abnormality is typically found in developed countries, and its prevalence rises with age. Most patients affected will remain entirely asymptomatic; however, 10-20% of those affected can manifest clinical syndromes, mainly diverticulitis and diverticular haemorrhage. As our elderly population grows, we can anticipate a concomitant rise in the number of patients with diverticular disease. Here, we review the incidence, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and management of diverticular disease of the colon and its complications.
The Lancet 03/2004; 363(9409):631-9. DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(04)15597-9 · 45.22 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In Western industrialised countries the prevalence of neoplastic colonic lesions and diverticular disease markedly increases with age. In contrast, the coincident occurrence of both diseases seems to fall below their individual epidemiologic estimates. Because directly comparing data are rare, this retrospective study evaluates the coincidence of neoplastic lesions and diverticular disease.
A total of 1,838 patients from 1986 to 2000 were admitted to the study. For 1,326 patients-56% male (n=741), 44% female (n=585), mean age 64 (+/-11.83 SD)-with a resection due to colonic cancer, the documented findings of colonoscopy, colonic contrast enema, and/or histopathology were analysed with regard to the prevalence of colonic diverticulosis. In 512 patients--51% male (n=263), 49% female (n=249), mean age 60 (+/-12.59 SD)--with a colonic resection due to diverticulitis, the synchronous or metachronous occurrence of neoplastic colonic lesions was recorded using the database of the Tumour Centre, Aachen. To compare the observed results with published epidemiology, statistical analysis included age-referred binomial tests and an age-stratified analysis (Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test). Odds ratios (OR) were also calculated. P<0.05 was considered to indicate locally statistical significance.
In the cancer group, we found a statistically significant reduced rate of diverticula in nearly all age categories and the age-stratified analyses (corresponding OR 0.30-0.51). Consistently, the diverticulitis group revealed a statistically significant decreased rate of advanced colonic neoplastic lesion in nearly all age categories and all age-stratified analyses (corresponding OR 0.13-0.43).
Our results indicate that patients with colonic neoplastic lesions or diverticular disease probably form heterogeneous groups. Because current results from molecular biology emphasize the impact of the extracellular matrix on the genesis of diverticulosis and colonic cancer, the observed heterogeneity could be an expression of a distinct composition of the local milieu.
International Journal of Colorectal Disease 02/2006; 21(1):18-24. DOI:10.1007/s00384-005-0742-5 · 2.45 Impact Factor
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